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Florida covers 53,927 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 20,984,400 people, including 713,665 people living in 30 rural Florida counties (USDA-ERS). An additional 1.1 million persons were estimated by the U.S. Census to live in the rural portions of Florida’s 37 urban counties. Tallahassee is the state capital and the largest cities are Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando, and Tampa. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 77.4% of the state’s population is white, 16.9% is African-American, 2.9% is Asian, .5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 25.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Florida Rural Healthcare Facilities

Florida Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 210 hospitals in Florida (Kaiser, 2016), 12 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 155 Rural Health Clinics in Florida (CMS, 2017) and 47 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 558 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017). All of Florida’s 67 counties are designated in part or whole as primary care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Florida

12% of Florida residents are uninsured (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), the average per capita income for Florida residents in 2016 was $45,953, although rural per capita income lagged at $33,741. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Florida is 19.5%, compared with 14.6% in urban areas of the state. 21.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 12.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Florida is at 4.4%, while in urban Florida it is at 4.1% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Florida State Office of Rural Health (SORH); Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Florida Office of Rural Health
Phone: 850.245.4009
Works to improve access to high quality health care services in Florida’s rural communities. A division of the Florida Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Florida in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 1/12/2018