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Florida covers 53,927 square miles, with a 2020 estimated population of 21,538,187 people, including 712,540 people living in rural Florida (USDA-ERS). An additional 1.1 million persons were estimated by the U.S. Census to live in the rural portions of Florida's 37 urban counties. Tallahassee is the state capital and the largest cities are Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando, and Tampa. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 77.3% of the state's population is white, 16.9% is African-American, 3.0% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 26.4% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Florida Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to October 2021.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Florida

13.1% of Florida residents are uninsured (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), the average per capita income for Florida residents in 2020 was $55,675, with the rural per capita income at $42,188. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Florida is 18.8%, compared with 12.6% in urban areas of the state. 19.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Florida is at 6.4%, while in urban Florida it is at 7.8% (USDA-ERS, 2020).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Florida Office of Rural Health
Phone: 850.245.4009
Works to improve access to high quality health care services in Florida's rural communities. A division of the Florida Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Florida in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 12/30/2021