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Georgia covers 57,906 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 10,429,379 people – with 1,786,539 people living in rural Georgia (USDA-ERS). Atlanta is the state capital, and the state’s largest cities are Atlanta, Augusta, and Columbus. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 60.8% of the state’s population is white, 32.2% is African-American, 4.2% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 9.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Georgia Rural Healthcare Facilities

Georgia Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 141 hospitals in Georgia (Kaiser, 2016), of which 30 hospitals are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 90 Rural Health Clinics in Georgia (CMS, 2017) and 35 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 246 clinical sites (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Georgia

12% of Georgia residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Georgia residents in 2016 was $42,159, although rural per capita income lagged at $31,841. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Georgia is 22.1%, compared with 14.7% in urban areas of the state. 20.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 12.9% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Georgia is 5.2%, while in urban Georgia it is 4.7% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Georgia Office of Rural Health (SORH); Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State


Georgia State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 299.401.3090
Works to improve access to health care in rural areas and reduce health status disparities. A division of the Georgia Department of Community Health.
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There are more organizations related to Georgia in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 1/4/2018