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Georgia covers 57,906 square miles, with a 2018 estimated population of 10,519,475 people – with 1,794,520 people living in rural Georgia (USDA-ERS). Atlanta is the state capital, and the state's largest cities are Atlanta, Augusta, and Columbus. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 60.5% of the state's population is white, 32.4% is African-American, 4.3% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 9.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Georgia Rural Healthcare Facilities

Georgia Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of October 2019 Georgia had:

  • 30 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 88 Rural Health Clinics
  • 143 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 46 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Georgia

13% of Georgia residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Georgia residents in 2017 was $44,145, although rural per capita income lagged at $33,483. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Georgia is 20.3%, compared with 13.9% in urban areas of the state. 19.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 12.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Georgia is 4.3%, while in urban Georgia it is 3.9% (USDA-ERS, 2018).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Georgia State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 299.401.3090
Works to improve access to health care in rural areas and reduce health status disparities. A division of the Georgia Department of Community Health.
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There are more organizations related to Georgia in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 1/4/2018