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Louisiana covers 43,562 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 4,684,333 people – with 757,126 people living in rural Louisiana (USDA-ERS). Baton Rouge is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Shreveport. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 63.0% of the state’s population is white, 32.6% is African-American, 1.9% is Asian, 0.8% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 5.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 118 hospitals in Louisiana (Kaiser, 2016), 27 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 129 Rural Health Clinics in Louisiana (CMS, 2017) and 34 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 260 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Louisiana

11% of Louisiana residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Louisiana residents in 2016 was $42,298, although rural per capita income lagged at $35,170. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Louisiana is 25.4%, compared with 19.2% in urban areas of the state. 21.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 15.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Louisiana is 6.3%, while in urban Louisiana, it is 4.9% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Louisiana Primary Care Association (LPCA); U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State


Louisiana Bureau of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 225.342.9513
Works to improve the health status of Louisiana residents in rural and underserved areas by building community health systems' capacity to provide integrated, efficient, and effective health care services. A bureau of the Louisiana Department of Health Office of Public Health.
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There are more organizations related to Louisiana in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 8/30/2018