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Louisiana covers 43,562 square miles, with a 2018 estimated population of 4,659,978 people – with 749,722 people living in rural Louisiana (USDA-ERS). Baton Rouge is the state capital. The state's largest cities are New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Shreveport. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 62.9% of the state's population is white, 32.7% is African-American, 1.8% is Asian, 0.8% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 5.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2019 Louisiana had:

  • 27 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 158 Rural Health Clinics
  • 78 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 46 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Louisiana

8% of Louisiana residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Louisiana residents in 2017 was $43,660, although rural per capita income lagged at $36,426. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Louisiana is 24.4%, compared with 18.9% in urban areas of the state. 20.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 14.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Louisiana is 6.0%, while in urban Louisiana, it is 4.7% (USDA-ERS, 2018).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets;


Louisiana Bureau of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 225.342.9513
Works to improve the health status of Louisiana residents in rural and underserved areas by building community health systems' capacity to provide integrated, efficient, and effective health care services. A bureau of the Louisiana Department of Health Office of Public Health.
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There are more organizations related to Louisiana in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 8/22/2019