With a rich heritage of Creole, Cajun and French, Louisiana life is spiced up with foods like gumbo, andouille, etouffees, sauce piquantes, cayenne pepper, Tabasco and crawfish. The senses tingle and feet keep tapping with the sounds of jazz, blues and zydeco. Louisiana covers 43,562 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 4,649,676 people – with 766,217 people living in rural Louisiana (USDA-ERS). Baton Rouge is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Shreveport. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 63.4% of the state’s population is white, 32.5% is Black/African-American, and 4.8% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 122 hospitals in Louisiana (Kaiser, 2014), 27 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 127 Rural Health Clinics in Louisiana (CMS, 2015) and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 96 sites in the state (LPCA, 2012).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Louisiana

13% of Louisiana residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Louisiana residents in 2014 was $42,030, although rural per-capita income lagged at $34,905. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Louisiana is 24.3%, compared with 18.6% in urban areas of the state. 22.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 16.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Louisiana is 7.7%, while in urban Louisiana, it is 6.2% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Louisiana Primary Care Association (LPCA); U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Louisiana Bureau of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 225.342.9513
Works to improve the health status of Louisiana residents in rural and underserved areas by working proactively to build community health systems' capacity to provide integrated, efficient and effective health care services. A division of Louisiana Department of Health & Hospitals.
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There are more organizations related to Louisiana in the organizations section.