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Rural Health Information Hub


Louisiana covers 43,562 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 4,624,047 people – with 724,014 people living in rural Louisiana (USDA-ERS). Baton Rouge is the state capital. The state's largest cities are New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Shreveport. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 62.4% of the state's population is White, 33.0% is African-American, 1.9% is Asian, 0.8% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 5.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Louisiana

7.7% of Louisiana residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Louisiana residents in 2020 was $50,874, with the rural per capita income at $42,597. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Louisiana is 21.6%, compared with 17.1% in urban areas of the state. 18.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Louisiana is 5.4%, while in urban Louisiana, it is 5.5% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets;


Louisiana Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Healthcare Access
Phone: 225.342.9513
Works to improve the health status of Louisiana residents in rural and underserved areas by building community health systems' capacity to provide integrated, efficient, and effective health care services. A bureau of the Louisiana Department of Health Office of Public Health housing the State Office of Rural Health. Known locally as Well-Ahead Louisiana.
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There are more organizations related to Louisiana in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 10/28/2021