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Minnesota covers 79,610 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 5,639,632 people - 1,243,226 living in rural Minnesota (USDA-ERS). Saint Paul, the state capital, is located in the southern region of the state. The largest cities are Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Bloomington, Duluth, and Rochester. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.8% of the state's population is white, 7.0% is African-American, 5.2% is Asian, 1.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 5.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Minnesota Rural Healthcare Facilities

Minnesota Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2021 Minnesota had:

  • 77 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 99 Rural Health Clinics
  • 15 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 25 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Minnesota

4.8% of Minnesota residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Minnesotans in 2019 was $58,834, with the rural per capita income at $48,924. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Minnesota is 10.0%, compared with 9.1% in urban areas of the state. 8.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 6.4% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Minnesota is at 4.0% while in urban Minnesota it is at 3.0% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Minnesota Department of Health - Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 651.201.3838
Promotes access to quality healthcare for all Minnesota residents. Works with policymakers, providers, and rural and underserved urban communities. Coordinates statewide healthcare workforce programs and provides technical assistance to healthcare facilities.
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There are more organizations related to Minnesota in the organizations section.