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Minnesota covers 79,610 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 5,576,606 people - 1,240,268 living in rural Minnesota (USDA-ERS). Saint Paul, the state capital, is located in the southern region of the state. The largest cities are Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Bloomington, Duluth, and Rochester. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 84.4% of the state’s population is white, 6.5% is African-American, 5.1% is Asian, 1.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 5.4% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Minnesota Rural Healthcare Facilities

Minnesota Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 129 hospitals in Minnesota (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 78 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are also 89 Rural Health Clinics in Minnesota (CMS, 2017), and 16 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 83 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Minnesota

6% of Minnesota residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Minnesotans in 2016 was $52,038, although rural per capita income lagged at $43,460. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Minnesota is 11.2%, compared with 9.5% in urban areas of the state. 9.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 6.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Minnesota is at 4.2% while in urban Minnesota it is at 3.2% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Minnesota Association for Community Health Centers; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State


Minnesota Department of Health - Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 651.201.3838
Promotes access to quality healthcare for all Minnesotans. Works with policymakers, providers, and rural and underserved urban communities. Coordinates statewide healthcare workforce programs and provides technical assistance to healthcare facilities.
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There are more organizations related to Minnesota in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/31/2017