For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Mississippi covers 46,907 square miles, with a 2020
estimated population of 2,961,279 people – with 1,569,926
people living in rural Mississippi (USDA-ERS). Jackson is
the state capital. The state's largest cities are
Jackson, Gulfport, and Biloxi. According to 2021 data
from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 59.1% of the state's
population is white, 37.8% is African-American, 1.1% is
Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 3.4% is of
Hispanic or Latino origin.
Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural
11.9% of Mississippi residents lack health insurance
(Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research
Service, the average per capita income for Mississippi
residents in 2020 was $42,129 with the rural per capita
income at $39,796. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS
data, that the poverty rate in rural Mississippi is
22.5%, compared with 16.1% in urban areas of the state.
18.4% of the rural population has not completed high
school, while 12.1% of the urban population lacks a high
school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported
by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Mississippi is
8.3%, while in urban Mississippi, it is 7.8% (USDA-ERS,
Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Mississippi Office of Rural Health
Works to help rural Mississippi communities build productive healthcare delivery systems. Focuses on data collection on rural health needs, policy analysis and development, technical assistance, health manpower recruitment, coordination of rural health interests statewide, and support for rural healthcare facilities. Part of the Mississippi State Department of Health.
There are more organizations related to Mississippi
in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 12/31/2020