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Mississippi covers 46,907 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 2,976,149 people – with 1,582,360 people living in rural Mississippi (USDA-ERS). Jackson is the state capital. The state's largest cities are Jackson, Gulfport, and Biloxi. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 59.1% of the state's population is white, 37.8% is African-American, 1.1% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 3.4% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2021 Mississippi had:

  • 31 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 200 Rural Health Clinics
  • 208 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 46 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Mississippi

12.9% of Mississippi residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Mississippi residents in 2019 was $38,914 with the rural per capita income at $36,677. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Mississippi is 22.5%, compared with 16.1% in urban areas of the state. 18.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 12.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Mississippi is 5.9%, while in urban Mississippi, it is 5.0% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Mississippi Office of Rural Health
Phone: 601.576.7216
Works to help rural Mississippi communities build productive healthcare delivery systems. Focuses on data collection on rural health needs, policy analysis and development, technical assistance, health manpower recruitment, coordination of rural health interests statewide, and support for rural healthcare facilities. Part of the Mississippi State Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Mississippi in the organizations section.