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Mississippi covers 46,907 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 2,984,100 people – with 1,601,129 people living in rural Mississippi (USDA-ERS). Jackson is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Jackson, Gulfport, and Biloxi. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 59.2% of the state’s population is white, 37.8% is African-American, 1.1% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 3.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 93 hospitals in Mississippi (Kaiser, 2016), 31 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 177 Rural Health Clinics in Mississippi (CMS, 2017) and 20 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 208 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Mississippi

12% of Mississippi residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Mississippi residents in 2016 was $35,484 although rural per capita income lagged at $33,117. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Mississippi is 24.3%, compared with 16.8% in urban areas of the state. 20.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Mississippi is 5.6%, while in urban Mississippi, it is 4.6% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Mississippi Office of Rural Health
Phone: 601.576.7216
Works to help rural Mississippi communities build productive health care delivery systems. Focuses on data collection on rural health needs, policy analysis and development, technical assistance, health manpower recruitment, coordination of rural health interests statewide, and support for rural healthcare facilities. Part of the Mississippi State Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Mississippi in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/9/2017