Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

Formerly the
Rural Assistance Center



Mississippi covers 46,907 square miles, with a 2016 estimated population of 2,988,726 people – with 1,610,982 people living in rural Mississippi (USDA-ERS). Jackson is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Jackson, Gulfport, and Biloxi. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 59.5% of the state’s population is white, 37.6% is Black/African-American, and 3.1% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities map

View full-size map

There are 95 hospitals in Mississippi (Kaiser, 2015), 31 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2017). There are 177 Rural Health Clinics in Mississippi (CMS, 2017) and 21 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 188 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Mississippi

12% of Mississippi residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Mississippi residents in 2015 was $34,771 although rural per-capita income lagged at $32,432. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Mississippi is 24.3%, compared with 16.8% in urban areas of the state. 20.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2011-2015 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Mississippi is 6.4%, while in urban Mississippi, it is 5.2% (USDA-ERS, 2016).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Mississippi Office of Rural Health
Phone: 601.576.7216
Serves to understand and improve rural health conditions within Mississippi through collecting and evaluating data, providing technical assistance, and updating a rural health care information clearinghouse. A division of the Mississippi State Department of Health.
view details

There are more organizations related to Mississippi in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/9/2017