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Missouri covers 68,886 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 6,113,532 people – 1,543,701 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Jefferson City, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Jefferson City, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.1% of the state’s population is white, 11.8% is African-American, 2.1% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 4.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 119 hospitals in Missouri (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 36 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 367 Rural Health Clinics in Missouri (CMS, 2017), and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 247 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Missouri

8% of Missouri residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Missourians in 2016 was $42,926 although rural per capita income lagged at $33,668. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Missouri is 18.3%, compared with 12.6% in urban areas of the state. 15.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.6% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Missouri is at 4.5%, while in urban Missouri it is at 3.6% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List


Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 800.891.7415
Serves as the Missouri State Office of Rural Health. Helps communities provide access to healthcare services through community-based systems of care. Provides information on recruitment, loan repayment programs, and Missouri's Rural Health Clinics (RHCs).
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There are more organizations related to Missouri in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/26/2017