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Rural Health Information Hub


Missouri covers 68,886 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 6,168,187 people – 1,514,327 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Jefferson City, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Jefferson City, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 82.6% of the state's population is White, 11.8% is African-American, 2.2% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 4.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Missouri

9.7% of Missouri residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Missourians in 2020 was $51,697 with the rural per capita income at $40,018. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Missouri is 15.9%, compared with 10.9% in urban areas of the state. 13.5% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.0% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Missouri is at 4.4%, and in urban Missouri it is at 4.4% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Missouri Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 573.751.6441
Serves as the Missouri State Office of Rural Health (SORH). Helps rural areas provide access to healthcare services through community-based systems. Provides information on recruitment, loan repayment programs, and Missouri's Rural Health Clinics (RHCs).
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There are more organizations related to Missouri in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/6/2022