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Missouri covers 68,886 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 6,137,428 people – 1,539,427 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Jefferson City, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Jefferson City, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.0% of the state's population is white, 11.8% is African-American, 2.1% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 4.3% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of January 2020 Missouri had:

  • 36 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 347 Rural Health Clinics
  • 130 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 30 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Missouri

9% of Missouri residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Missourians in 2018 was $47,746 although rural per capita income lagged at $36,383. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Missouri is 17.4%, compared with 11.8% in urban areas of the state. 14.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.9% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Missouri is at 4.0%, while in urban Missouri it is at 3.1% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Missouri Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 800.891.7415
Serves as the Missouri State Office of Rural Health (SORH). Helps communities provide access to healthcare services through community-based systems. Provides information on recruitment, loan repayment programs, and Missouri's Rural Health Clinics (RHCs).
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There are more organizations related to Missouri in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 1/2/2019