Missouri is often referred to as the Gateway to the West. It is named for a Sioux Indian tribe, whose name translates to “the wooden canoe people.” Missouri covers 68,886 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 6,063,589 people – 1,553,580 living in rural Missouri (USDA-ERS). Jefferson City, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Jefferson City, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.5% of the state’s population is white, 11.8% is Black/African-American, 1.9% is Asian, 4.0% is of Hispanic/Latino origin, 0.5% American Indian/Alaskan Native, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, and 2.1% other/multiple races (U.S. Census, 2014).

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 122 hospitals in Missouri (Kaiser, 2014). The state has 36 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 391 Rural Health Clinics in Missouri (Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health, 2014), and 24 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 200 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Missouri

Most Missourians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 9% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Missourians in 2014 was $41,639 although rural per-capita income lagged at $33,706. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Missouri is 19.4%, compared with 14.3% in urban areas of the state. 16.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Missouri is at 6.9%, while in urban Missouri it is at 5.9% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 800.891.7415
Email: info@health.mo.gov
Serves as the Missouri State Office of Rural Health. Helps communities provide access to healthcare services through community-based systems of care. Provides information on recruitment, loan repayment programs, and Missouri's rural health clinics.
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