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Nebraska covers 76,872 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 1,934,408 people – 660,417 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Lincoln, the capital, is located in the south-eastern region of the state. The state's largest cities are Lincoln, Omaha, and Bellevue. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 88.1% of the state's population is white, 5.2% is African-American, 2.7% is Asian, 1.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 11.4% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Nebraska Rural Healthcare Facilities

Nebraska Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2021 Nebraska had:

  • 64 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 137 Rural Health Clinics
  • 10 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 10 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Nebraska

7.9% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Nebraskans in 2019 was $54,515, with the rural per capita income at $50,362. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Nebraska is 10.9%, compared with 9.4% in urban areas of the state. 9.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Nebraska is at 3.0%, while in urban Nebraska it is at 3.1% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Nebraska Office of Rural Health
Phone: 402.471.2337
Works to assure quality healthcare services to those living in rural Nebraska. Promotes programs and activities including student loan repayment programs, recruitment and retention, healthcare facilities serving underserved areas, and State 30 J1 Visa Waiver. Serves as the Nebraska Office of Primary Care.
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