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New Hampshire

New Hampshire covers 8,968 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 1,342,795 people – 498,122 of which live in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Concord is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Manchester, Nashua and Concord. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 93.6% of the state’s population is white, 1.6% is African-American, 2.8% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, and 3.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

New Hampshire Rural Healthcare Facilities

New Hampshire Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 28 hospitals in New Hampshire (Kaiser, 2016), 13 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 14 Rural Health Clinics in the state (CMS, 2017), and 11 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 43 sites (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New Hampshire

7% of New Hampshire residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), the average per capita income for New Hampshire residents in 2016 was $55,954, although rural per capita income lagged at $52,080. Based on 2016 American Community Survey (ACS) data, the ERS reports that the poverty rate in rural New Hampshire is 9.2%, compared with 6.2% in urban areas of the state. 7.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 7.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma (ERS report using 2012-2016 ACS data). The unemployment rate of rural areas in New Hampshire is 2.5%, while the rate in urban areas is 2.8% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


New Hampshire Rural Health and Primary Care Section
Phone: 603.271.4741
Offers technical assistance to rural health care providers and organizations, supports clinician recruitment and retention efforts, and disseminates healthcare related information to rural healthcare stakeholders. A division of the Department of Health and Human Services.
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There are more organizations related to New Hampshire in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/5/2017