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Rural Health Information Hub

New Mexico

New Mexico covers 121,356 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 2,115,877 people – 699,916 living in rural New Mexico (USDA-ERS). Santa Fe, the capital, is located in the north-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Albuquerque, Las Cruces, and Rio Rancho. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 81.3% of the state's population is White, 2.7% is African-American, 1.9% is Asian, 11.2% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 50.1% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

New Mexico Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New Mexico

While most New Mexicans have some form of health insurance coverage, 11.8% of its residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for New Mexicans in 2020 was $46,338, with the rural per capita income at $44,568. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New Mexico is 18.7%, compared with 15.9% in urban areas of the state. 16.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.9% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New Mexico is 7.5%, while in urban New Mexico it is 6.5% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


New Mexico Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 505.699.8911
Works to improve access to quality healthcare for New Mexico by providing collaborative leadership and resources to healthcare and community organizations. A division of the Population and Community Health Bureau in the New Mexico Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to New Mexico in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/25/2021