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New Mexico

New Mexico covers 121,356 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 2,096,829 people – 686,300 living in rural New Mexico (USDA-ERS). Santa Fe, the capital, is located in the north-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Albuquerque, Las Cruces, and Rio Rancho. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 82.0% of the state's population is white, 2.6% is African-American, 1.8% is Asian, 10.9% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 49.1% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

New Mexico Rural Healthcare Facilities

New Mexico Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of July 2020 New Mexico had:

  • 10 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 15 Rural Health Clinics
  • 106 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 21 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New Mexico

While most New Mexicans have some form of health insurance coverage, 9% of its residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for New Mexicans in 2017 was $39,811, although rural per capita income lagged at $37,529. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New Mexico is 21.4%, compared with 17.7% in urban areas of the state. 18.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New Mexico is 5.1%, while in urban New Mexico it is 4.8% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


New Mexico Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 505.222.8671
Works to improve access to quality healthcare for New Mexico by providing collaborative leadership and resources to healthcare and community organizations. A division of the Health Systems Bureau in the New Mexico Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to New Mexico in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 1/10/2019