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New Mexico

New Mexico covers 121,356 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 2,088,070 people – 686,089 living in rural New Mexico (USDA-ERS). Santa Fe, the capital, is located in the north-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Albuquerque, Las Cruces, and Rio Rancho. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 82.2% of the state’s population is white, 2.5% is African-American, 1.7% is Asian, 10.9% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 48.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

New Mexico Rural Healthcare Facilities

New Mexico Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 36 hospitals in New Mexico (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 10 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 11 Rural Health Clinics in New Mexico (CMS, 2017), and 17 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 212 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New Mexico

While most New Mexicans have some form of health insurance coverage, 11% of its residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for New Mexicans in 2016 was $38,474, although rural per capita income lagged at $35,941. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New Mexico is 23.3%, compared with 18.1% in urban areas of the state. 18.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.7% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New Mexico is 6.7%, while in urban New Mexico it is 5.9% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


New Mexico Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 505.222.8671
Works to improve access to quality healthcare for New Mexico by providing collaborative leadership and resources to healthcare and community organizations. A division of the Health Systems Bureau in the New Mexico Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to New Mexico in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 10/31/2016