New Mexico

New Mexico derived its name from the Anglicized version of "Nuevo Mexico," the Spanish name for the upper Rio Grande. New Mexico is a unique state rich in art and history because of its strong heritage and traditions of Indian, Anglo, and Hispanic cultures. Native Americans, Mexicans, Spaniards and Europeans all have traveled to and established themselves in New Mexico. New Mexico covers 121,356 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 2,085,572 people – 695,360 living in rural New Mexico (USDA-ERS). Santa Fe, the capital, is located in the north-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Albuquerque, Las Cruces, Santa Fe and Rio Rancho. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 82.8% of the state’s population is white, 10.4% is American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.5% Black/African American, 1.7% Asian, and 47.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

New Mexico Rural Healthcare Facilities

New Mexico Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 37 hospitals in New Mexico (Kaiser, 2014), 29 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 9 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 9 Rural Health Clinics in New Mexico (CMS, 2015), and 15 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 149 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New Mexico

Most New Mexicans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 12% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for New Mexicans in 2014 was $37,091, although rural per-capita income lagged at $36,530. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New Mexico is 22.4%, compared with 20.1% in urban areas of the state. 19.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 14.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New Mexico is at 6.9%, while in urban New Mexico it is at 6.4% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


New Mexico Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 505.841.5869
Dedicated to improving primary care and rural health access in the State of New Mexico. A division of the Health Systems Bureau in the New Mexico Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to New Mexico in the organizations section.