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Ohio

Ohio covers 40,948 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 11,658,609 people – 2,356,269 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Columbus, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 82.2% of the state’s population is white, 12.9% is African-American, 2.3% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 3.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to data.HRSA.gov, as of July 2018 Ohio had:

  • 33 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 52 Rural Health Clinics
  • 109 Federally Qualified Health Centers located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 53 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Ohio

6% of the Ohio residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Ohioans in 2016 was $44,593, although rural per capita income lagged at $38,121. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Ohio is 14.5%, compared with 13.8% in urban areas of the state. 12.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.0% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Ohio is 5.2%, while in urban Ohio it is at 5.0% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets

Contacts

Ohio State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 614.644.8508
Email: healthpolicy@odh.ohio.gov
Works to strengthen rural healthcare delivery systems across Ohio. Coordinates rural health initiatives statewide by collecting rural health information, coordinating resources, providing technical assistance, and encouraging recruitment and retention.
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There are more organizations related to Ohio in the organizations section.


Last Reviewed: 7/31/2017