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Rural Health Information Hub


Ohio covers 40,948 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 11,780,017 people – 2,340,261 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Columbus, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state's largest cities are Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 81.2% of the state's population is White, 13.2% is African-American, 2.7% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 4.3% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Ohio

6.2% of the Ohio residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Ohioans in 2020 was $53,641, with the rural per capita income at $46,140. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Ohio is 12.4%, compared with 12.6% in urban areas of the state. 11.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.7% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Ohio is 4.9%, while in urban Ohio it is at 5.2% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Ohio State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 614.644.8508
Works to strengthen rural healthcare delivery systems across Ohio. Coordinates rural health initiatives statewide by collecting rural health information, coordinating resources, providing technical assistance, and encouraging recruitment and retention.
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There are more organizations related to Ohio in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 3/30/2021