Ohio covers 40,948 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 11,658,609 people – 2,356,269 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Columbus, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 82.2% of the state’s population is white, 12.9% is African-American, 2.3% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 3.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to data.HRSA.gov, as of January 2019 Ohio had:
- 33 Critical Access Hospitals
- 54 Rural Health Clinics
- 116 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
- 49 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Ohio
6% of the Ohio residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Ohioans in 2017 was $46,732, although rural per capita income lagged at $39,710. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Ohio is 14.5%, compared with 13.8% in urban areas of the state. 12.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.7% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Ohio is 5.2%, while in urban Ohio it is at 5.0% (USDA-ERS, 2017).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Works to strengthen rural healthcare delivery systems across Ohio. Coordinates rural health initiatives statewide by collecting rural health information, coordinating resources, providing technical assistance, and encouraging recruitment and retention.
There are more organizations related to Ohio in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 1/16/2019