Ohio is known as the "Buckeye State" for its many buckeye trees. It is located in the Great Lakes region, with shoreline on Lake Erie and is bordered on the south by the Ohio River. The state has produced eight presidents, earning it the name "The Mother of Presidents." Ohio covers 40,948 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 11,594,163 people – 2,371,172 living in rural Ohio (USDA-ERS). Columbus, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Columbus, Cleveland and Cincinnati. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.0% of the state’s population is white, 12.6% is African-American/Black, 2.0% is Asian, and 3.5% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 182 hospitals in Ohio (Kaiser, 2014). The state has 33 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 33 Rural Health Clinics in Ohio (CMS, 2015) and 41 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 200 sites in the state (OACHC, 2015).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Ohio

Most Ohioans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 7% of the state's residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Ohioans in 2014 was $42,236, although rural per-capita income lagged at $35,661. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Ohio is 16.5%, compared with 15.8% in urban areas of the state. 13.5% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.6% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Ohio is 6.1%, while in urban Ohio it is at 5.7% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Ohio Association of Community Health Centers (OACHC); U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Ohio State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 614.644.8508
Email: BCHS@odh.ohio.gov
Works to strengthen rural healthcare delivery systems across Ohio. Coordinates rural health initiatives statewide by collecting rural health information, coordinating resources, providing technical assistance, and encouraging recruitment and retention. Includes a rural health listserv.
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