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Ohio covers 40,948 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 11,658,609 people – 2,356,269 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Columbus, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 82.2% of the state’s population is white, 12.9% is African-American, 2.3% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 3.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 179 hospitals in Ohio (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 33 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 48 Rural Health Clinics in Ohio (CMS, 2017) and 48 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 299 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Ohio

6% of the Ohio residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Ohioans in 2016 was $44,593, although rural per capita income lagged at $38,121. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Ohio is 14.3%, compared with 14.6% in urban areas of the state. 12.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.0% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Ohio is 5.2%, while in urban Ohio it is at 5.0% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Ohio Association of Community Health Centers (OACHC); U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State


Ohio State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 614.644.8508
Works to strengthen rural healthcare delivery systems across Ohio. Coordinates rural health initiatives statewide by collecting rural health information, coordinating resources, providing technical assistance, and encouraging recruitment and retention. Includes a rural health listserv.
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There are more organizations related to Ohio in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/31/2017