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Washington covers 66,544 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 7,405,743 people – 740,930 living in rural Washington (USDA-ERS). Olympia, the capital, is located in the western region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Seattle, Spokane and Tacoma. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 79.5% of the state’s population is white, 4.2% is African-American, 8.9% is Asian, 1.9% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.8% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 12.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Washington Rural Healthcare Facilities

Washington Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 90 hospitals in Washington (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 39 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 118 Rural Health Clinics in Washington (CMS, 2017) and 27 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 315 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Washington

7% of Washington residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Washingtonians in 2016 was $54,579, although rural per capita income lagged at $41,763. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Washington is 16.4%, compared with 10.7% in urban areas of the state. 12.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Washington is 6.1%, while in urban Washington it is 4.6% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Washington Office of Community and Rural Health; Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List


Washington State Office of Community Health Systems, Rural Health and Primary Care Office
Phone: 360.236.2800
Supports rural and underserved communities in the state of Washington by providing assistance and resources for health systems planning and development to improve health and access to healthcare.
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There are more organizations related to Washington in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 12/30/2016