Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

Washington

Washington covers 66,544 square miles, with a 2020 estimated population of 7,705,281 people – 763,300 living in rural Washington (USDA-ERS). Olympia, the capital, is located in the western region of the state. The state's largest cities are Seattle, Spokane and Tacoma. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 78.5% of the state's population is white, 4.4% is African-American, 9.6% is Asian, 1.9% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.8% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 13.0% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Washington Rural Healthcare Facilities

39
Critical Access Hospitals
128
Rural Health Clinics
78
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
7
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov. January 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Washington

7.8% of Washington residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Washingtonians in 2020 was $67,126, with the rural per capita income at $49,577. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Washington is 13.2%, compared with 9.4% in urban areas of the state. 11.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.4% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Washington is 9.1%, while in urban Washington it is 8.3% (USDA-ERS, 2020).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets

Contacts

Washington State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 360.236.2800
Email: ruralhealth@doh.wa.gov
Supports rural and underserved communities in the state of Washington by providing assistance and resources for health systems planning and development to improve health and access to healthcare.
view details

There are more organizations related to Washington in the organizations section.


Last Reviewed: 12/18/2020