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Rural Health Information Hub

Rescue Techniques and CPR

Most victims of nonfatal drowning can recover fully without experiencing any severe morbidities. However, extended submersion times, prolonged drowning response, and lack of early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) efforts could lead to severe brain damage.

Proper CPR training can be effective in preventing drowning fatalities and morbidities. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that older children, adolescents, parents, caregivers, pool owners, and lifeguards obtain CPR certification. A telephone and U.S. Coast Guard approved rescue equipment should also be kept near pools, spas, and open water to assist rescue efforts and alert emergency services if needed.

Examples of CPR Training Programs

  • Many organizations such as the American Red Cross (Red Cross) and American Heart Association (AHA) offer both virtual and in-person CPR training courses. Rural programs can encourage community members to register for these CPR courses or use these courses as models for their own CPR training courses.

Implementation Considerations

Certain CPR training courses offered in communities can be costly. To encourage registration, rural programs should consider offering course waivers for CPR trainings or partnering with organizations such as the Red Cross or AHA to offer free or discounted trainings. Rural programs can also consider offering in-home CPR training courses for families with busy schedules or transportation difficulties. In addition, rural programs can enhance CPR training opportunities in their communities by supporting the inclusion of CPR training in secondary school health classes and offering trainings in different locations around the community such as malls, local healthcare facilities, and local community centers.