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Community Paramedicine Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Community Paramedicine.

Community Paramedicine Rural Health Chat
Summary of a July 2018 Twitter chat focused on community paramedicine. Documents a conversation among rural health experts discussing how the community paramedicine model can benefit rural areas, challenges and barriers to starting a community paramedicine program, and examples of successful programs.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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ThedaCare: Leveraging Community Paramedics To Bridge Persistent Gaps in Care
Describes ThedaCare, a 2016 participant in the Transforming Complex Care initiative from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and Center for Health Care Strategies (CHCS), a community paramedic (CP) program that works to extend the reach of clinic serves to medically and socially complex patients in Northeastern Wisconsin. Discusses program goals, steps to establishing the CP program, and sustainability.
Author(s): Naomi Freundlich
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Health Care Strategies
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Emergency Medical Services Professionals’ Attitudes about Community Paramedic Programs
Evaluates perceptions and attitudes of emergency medical services (EMS) professionals' understanding and willingness to participate in community paramedic programs. Includes demographic data for EMS professionals participating in the study by level of certification or licensure and total years of EMS experience. Provides information on EMS participants' work experiences, including the type of community and population served.
Author(s): Robert J. Steeps, Denise A. Wilfong, Michael W. Hubble, Daniel L. Bercher
Citation: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(4), 630-639
Date: 06/2017
Type: Document
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Community Paramedics Team Up with Hospitals to Reduce Readmissions
Describes community paramedicine pilot projects in California, one of which is rural, that are providing follow-up calls and visits to patients between 24-72 hours after hospital discharge. Features statistics including number of patients and number of readmissions within 30 days, with breakdowns by 6 diagnoses and site.
Author(s): Karen Shore
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Health Care Foundation
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Community Paramedic Toolkit
Toolkit for ambulance services, hospitals, and others considering the development or expansion of a community paramedicine program in Minnesota. Includes program planning, education and training, financing, and models of care, among other discussions.
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Minnesota Department of Health - Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
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Pinch Hitting
Provides an overview of the role community paramedicine can play in meeting rural healthcare needs, with examples from several states. Highlights the pros and cons of this approach, describes how it is funded, and identifies states that have taken legislative action on the issue. Article begins on page number 22.
Author(s): Michelle Ancell
Citation: State Legislatures, 22-25
Date: 09/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Conference of State Legislatures
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EMS Office Assessment of the Status of Community Paramedicine/Mobile Integrated Healthcare in the States and Territories
Results of a survey of 49 National Association of State EMS Officials (NASEMSO) member states and territories, documenting existing or planned programs. Features statistics on reimbursement strategies, involvement of hospitals/health systems, state legislation, certification, medical direction, community health assessments, and use of quality improvement measures.
Date: 05/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Community Paramedic Pilot Study Recommendations
Presents recommendations regarding the implementation of a Community Paramedicine Program in North Dakota. Discusses the gaps in the ND healthcare delivery system, especially in rural areas.
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Dakota Center for Nursing
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Blueprint for Community Paramedicine Programs Especially for EMS Agencies
Describes implementation of a Community Paramedicine program in Abbeville, South Carolina, and identifies ways that emergency medical technicians may expand their roles in order to bridge healthcare gaps in rural areas. Includes strategies for program promotion and evaluation.
Date: 03/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: South Carolina Office of Rural Health
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Community Paramedicine in Rural Areas: State and Local Findings and the Role of the State Flex Program
Studies the role of the Flex program in supporting state EMS services in rural communities in addition to profiling challenges, needs, and the role of community paramedics in rural healthcare delivery systems.
Author(s): Karen B. Pearson, John A. Gale, George Shaler
Date: 02/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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The Evidence for Community Paramedicine in Rural Areas: State and Local Findings and the Role of the State Flex Program
Examines the role of the Flex program in supporting state EMS services in rural communities. Examines the evidence base for community paramedicine in rural communities, the role of community paramedics in rural healthcare delivery systems, and the challenges faced by states in implementing community paramedicine programs.
Author(s): Karen Pearson, John Gale, George Shaler
Date: 02/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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Community Paramedic Program Handbook
Provides community paramedicine program resources including a work plan, example memorandum of understanding, assessing the community needs, conducting training, and evaluation resources.
Author(s): Jill Hunsaker Ryan, Christopher A. Montera, Anne Robinson
Date: 2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The Savvik Foundation
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National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine: Summary of an Expert Meeting
Reports on an October 2012 meeting of community paramedicine experts. Identifies meeting themes related to community paramedicine practices and resources, gaps to address, and opportunities for future collaboration and promotion of best community medicine practices.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, Susan M. Skillman
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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A National Agenda for Community Paramedicine Research
Includes discussion and collaboration aimed at building a national evidence base on community paramedicine.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, Susan M. Skillman
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Principles for Community Paramedicine Programs
A joint position statement between the National Association of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Physicians and the National Rural Health Association (NRHA). Describes the key functions of a community paramedicine program and includes a list of competencies for community paramedics from the Community Healthcare and Emergency Cooperative.
Date: 09/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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Community Paramedicine Evaluation Tool
Provides a framework by which data can be collected from multiple community paramedicine programs to develop common successes and challenges. Designed to address rural settings.
Date: 03/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Beyond 911: State and Community Strategies for Expanding the Primary Care Role of First Responders
Examines the role of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) and paramedics in relation to the model of care known as community paramedicine which provides care to those in rural areas.
Date: 2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Conference of State Legislatures
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Case Study: Paramedicine Program Strengthens Rural Health Care System
Shares how leaders of Community Hospital in McCook, Nebraska reached their goal of reducing ambulance transports, emergency room visits, and hospital readmissions by partnering with community organizations to create the McCook Community Paramedicine program. Focuses on program approach, key steps, lessons learned, and results.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bryan Health
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PubMed Search: Community Paramedicine
Searches PubMed's collection of journal article citations on the topic of community paramedicine.
Type: Literature Search
Sponsoring organization: U.S. National Library of Medicine
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Community Paramedicine Insights Forum
Serves as a forum, educational opportunity, and discussion group for those trying to establish community paramedicine services or systems on a local, regional, or statewide basis. Includes monthly webinar calls consisting of presentations and Q&A sessions based on experiences and lessons learned from others wishing to establish a community paramedicine program.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Joint Committee on Rural EMS Care (JCREC)
Formed jointly by the National Association of State EMS Officials (NASEMSO) and National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health (NOSORH). This Committee is dedicated to advancing policy to ensure access to timely, affordable, and high quality emergency care services in rural America.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Community Paramedic
Provides an overview of the Community Paramedic Program, a standard curriculum that universities and colleges can adapt for use in community paramedicine certification programs.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: The Savvik Foundation
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Additional resources are available related to this guide. See the full list of resources by topic for:


Last Updated: 7/16/2018