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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

The Status of the Healthcare Workforce in the State of Nebraska
Provides an overview of the healthcare workforce in Nebraska and reports county-level data. Includes statistics and information on physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, dental professionals, pharmacy professionals, emergency medical technicians, other allied health professionals, and other non-physician clinicians. Covers the demographic profile of the state and the designated Health Professions Shortage Areas (HPSAs) in Nebraska.
Author(s): Fernando A. Wilson, Nizar K. Wehbi, Jamie Larson, et al.
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Nebraska Area Health Education Centers, University of Nebraska Medical Center: Center for Health Policy
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Recruitment and Retention: Overcoming the Rural EMS Dilemma
Reports on rural emergency medical services (EMS) workforce challenges and identifies innovative approaches to meet these challenges, highlighting programs in several states. Includes a list of 4 EMS recruitment and retention tactics for rural communities.
Author(s): Jenn Lukens
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Emergency Medical Services Professionals’ Attitudes about Community Paramedic Programs
Evaluates perceptions and attitudes of emergency medical services (EMS) professionals' understanding and willingness to participate in community paramedic programs. Includes demographic data for EMS professionals participating in the study by level of certification or licensure and total years of EMS experience. Provides information on EMS participants' work experiences, including the type of community and population served.
Author(s): Robert J. Steeps, Denise A. Wilfong, Michael W. Hubble, Daniel L. Bercher
Citation: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(4), 630-639
Date: 06/2017
Type: Document
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Prevention and Treatment of Substance Abuse in Rural Communities
Webinar recording discusses the challenges and strategies in stemming the rate of substance abuse in rural communities. Introduces the Rural Prevention and Treatment of Substance Abuse Toolkit, designed to help communities implement substance abuse programs. Presents several examples of state level programs focused on increasing access to naloxone and training for first responders to recognize and prevent overdoses.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PowerPoint Handout, Transcript
Date: 05/2017
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Community Paramedics Team Up with Hospitals to Reduce Readmissions
Describes community paramedicine pilot projects in California, one of which is rural, that are providing follow-up calls and visits to patients between 24-72 hours after hospital discharge. Features statistics including number of patients and number of readmissions within 30 days, with breakdowns by 6 diagnoses and site.
Author(s): Karen Shore
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Health Care Foundation
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Community Paramedic Toolkit
A resource for ambulance services, hospitals, and others considering the development or expansion of a community paramedicine program in Minnesota. Includes program planning, education and training, financing, and models of care, among other discussions.
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Minnesota Department of Health - Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
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Innovations in Rural Health System Development: Recruiting and Retaining Maine’s Health Care Workforce
Illustrates examples of rural-focused medical education programs to support an adequate supply of physicians in rural Maine. Also, discusses behavioral and oral health workforce development, and promising programs utilizing other types of healthcare workers such as community paramedics and community health workers (CHWs) to increase the availability and accessibility of healthcare in rural Maine and in other rural regions of the U.S.
Author(s): Amanda Burgess, Andrew Coburn
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Maine Health Access Foundation, Maine Rural Health Research Center
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EMS Leaders Speak
Five experts discuss emergency medical services in a changing rural healthcare delivery system. Topics addressed include EMS challenges and potential opportunities, such as community paramedicine and telehealth.
Author(s): Kevin McGinnis, Diane Calmus, Don Wood, Tom Nehring, Gary Wingrove
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 09/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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National Characteristics of Emergency Medical Services in Frontier and Remote Areas
Outlines national characteristics for emergency medical services in Frontier and Remote Areas (FAR). Includes patient demographics, provider clinical impression and injuries, and procedures performed in FAR and non-FAR patients.
Author(s): Landon R. Mueller, John P. Donnelly, Karen E. Jacobson, et al.
Citation: Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(2), 191-199
Date: 2016
Type: Document
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Pinch Hitting
Provides an overview of the role community paramedicine can play in meeting rural healthcare needs, with examples from several states. Highlights the pros and cons of this approach, describes how it is funded, and identifies states that have taken legislative action on the issue. Article begins on page number 22.
Author(s): Michelle Ancell
Citation: State Legislatures, 22-25
Date: 09/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Conference of State Legislatures
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