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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

The EMS Compact
Information on the agreement enabling emergency medical service (EMS) personnel licensed in Compact member states to cross state borders to practice and work in other Compact states without getting an EMS license in the remote state. Describes ways in which this agreement may enhance communities' responses to COVID-19 when local resources are reduced. Includes a map showing locations of EMS Compact states and contact information for each member state's Compact Commissioner.
Date: 12/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Interstate Commission for EMS Personnel Practice
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CDC: Emergency Preparedness and Response
Presents resources for emergency preparedness and response, including information on COVID-19. Features an information exchange, webinars, trainings, and other resources for healthcare professionals and first responders.
Additional links: En Español
Date: 11/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Rural Nevada EMS Capacity Assessment
Presents results of a 2020 survey of 36 rural EMS agencies, addressing transporting patients, funding and billing, workforce and recruitment issues, health information technology, and more.
Author(s): Laima Etchegoyhen, John Packham, Tabor Griswold, Jeannine Warner
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Nevada Health Workforce Research Center
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Implementing and Sustaining Rural Community Paramedicine
Incorporates proceedings from the February 21-22, 2021 Rural Community Paramedicine (CP) Summit, and key strategies for implementing and sustaining CP in rural communities. Contains resources, information on established CP programs, and information about how state Flex Programs can support rural CP efforts. Describes experiences of established CP providers so that rural ambulance providers and hospitals might be better prepared as they consider similar initiatives in their own communities.
Additional links: Webinar
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Community Paramedicine Impact Reference Guide
Spreadsheet identifying journal articles that describe the impact of community paramedicine (CP) programs. Includes the article citation, a brief abstract, program services and impacts, and the country where it was implemented. Covers CP program impacts for patients, healthcare systems, healthcare providers, payers, and other stakeholders.
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Rural Health Resource Center, Paramedic Foundation
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Arizona READI
Discusses the Arizona Rural EMS Advanced Telemedicine Demonstration Initiative (AzREADI) program, which uses telemedicine to support rural emergency services by connecting EMS with physicians during service calls. Discusses challenges of providing EMS services in rural Arizona.
Date: 05/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Arizona Public Media
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Rural and Urban Experiences with EMS Overdose Treatment
Results of a survey of 90 urban and rural emergency medical service (EMS) providers practicing in Indiana during the period from November 2020 to March 2021, to determine how many training hours they receive and how comfortable they are with treating opioid overdoses and general drug overdoses. Features survey responses with breakdowns by urban and rural location. Poster presented at the 2021 RTT Collaborative Annual Meeting.
Author(s): Brycen Ratcliffe, Robin Danek, Ellen Ireland, Eric Reyes
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Indiana University School of Medicine
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Emergency Medical Services Personnel as Vaccinators: Status by State
Information from all states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and American Samoa, showing scope of practice by level of licensure for paramedics, advanced-emergency medical technicians, emergency medical technicians, emergency medical responders, and other intermediate levels. Features maps with shadings showing whether vaccination administration is always allowed, currently or temporarily allowed, never allowed, or under consideration for administrative or executive action. Information is current as of March 4, 2021.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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COVID-19 Resources for EMS
Resources to help emergency medical services (EMS) personnel appropriately and safely serve communities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Addresses EMS workforce protection, vaccination, patient care, crisis planning, and more.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, NHTSA Office of EMS
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Rural EMS Workforce: A Call to Action
Policy brief discussing rural emergency medical services (EMS) systems. Highlights challenges facing the rural EMS workforce, including the costs of training and reimbursement concerns. Outlines policy recommendations to strengthen rural EMS systems.
Author(s): Christopher McLaughlin, Olivia Riutta, Jonnathan Busko
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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