Skip to main content

Rural Migrant Health – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Migrant Health.

Influence of Work on Elevated Blood Pressure in Hispanic Adolescents in South Texas
Presents a study on work and blood pressure rates among Hispanic teens in the predominantly rural Hidalgo County, Texas on the U.S-Mexico border. Breaks down data on student participants based on age, race, and physical activity, among other measures.
Author(s): Eva M. Shipp, Sharon P. Cooper, Luohua Jiang, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(7), 1096
Date: 04/2019
Type: Document
view details
Barriers Encountered by Agricultural Workers Seeking Specialty Care and Potential Solutions
Discusses challenges providing access to specialty care for farmworkers and their families. Examines opportunities for using promotores and telehealth to expand specialty care access and provides recommendations for health centers.
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc.
view details
Piece Rate Pay and Worker Identity: How Power in the Fields Impacts Worker Health
Reports on a study of heat-related illness among California farmworkers. Identifies barriers to self-care.
Author(s): Gail Wadsworth, Michael Courville, Marc Schenker
Date: 04/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Institute for Rural Studies
view details
Migrant Farmworkers' Perceptions of Pesticide Risk Exposure in Adams County, Pennsylvania: A Cultural Risk Assessment
Presents a study on the perceived environmental health risk of migrant farmworkers in rural Pennsylvania. Discusses the ways different cultures perceive risk and the socioeconomic status of the participants as factors in the study's conclusions.
Author(s): Micaela Edelson, Salma Monani, Rutherford V. Platt
Citation: Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 8(1), 71-96
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
view details
Findings from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) 2015-2016: A Demographic and Employment Profile of United States Farmworkers
Reports on demographic and employment characteristics of hired agricultural workers in the United States. Includes data on health insurance and healthcare access, as well as information on social determinants of health such as income, education level, language skills, and housing. Based on data collected from face-to-face interviews with 5,342 crop farmworkers conducted between October 1, 2014 and September 30, 2016.
Author(s): Trish Hernandez, Susan Gabbard
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Labor
view details
Tuberculosis
Provides information and statistics about tuberculosis in the U.S., globally, and specifically among migrant agricultural workers. Discusses symptoms, treatment, and risk factors.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Maternal & Child Health Fact Sheet
Features information and statistics on health risks and healthcare barriers for women and children in migrant families. Includes information on prenatal and pediatric care, occupational health and safety, and nutrition, among others.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
HIV/AIDS Agricultural Worker Factsheet
Presents information and statistics about HIV/AIDS and the migrant agricultural worker population. Discusses the risk factors for migrant workers and their knowledge of preventative measures.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Oral Health
Details migrant agricultural workers' oral health status and unmet oral health needs. Discusses risk factors and barriers to care.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Indigenous Agricultural Workers
Highlights a report on indigenous agricultural workers from Central and South America. Details demographic, historical, and health information, among other factors.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Facts About Agricultural Workers
Presents an overview of information and statistics about agricultural workers economic contribution, wages, legal status, health, and housing.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Child Labor in Agriculture
Addresses issues related to unaccompanied minors who are hired to do farm work and children of adult farmworkers who work alongside their parents. Covers farmwork injuries to children, hours worked, and laws related to child labor and agricultural work.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Perceptions of Diabetes in Agricultural Worker Communities
Details a study on the perceptions of diabetes among agricultural workers in farming communities. Discusses patients' experience of treatment programs and provides information on successful screening and management programs, as well as recommendations for health centers to improve diabetes care for agricultural workers.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc.
view details
Responding to Health and Social Needs of Aging Latinos in New-growth Communities: A Qualitative Study
A study examining the health and social needs of elderly Latinos in rural eastern North Carolina conducted by an interprofessional team - the Aging Latino Research Team (ALRT) - composed of health and social service providers, Latino leaders, and university faculty.
Author(s): Kim Larson, Holly F. Mathews, Essie Torres, C. Suzanne Lea
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 17, 601
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
view details
Agricultural Workers and Mental Health
Provides an overview of mental health for agricultural workers. Includes information on symptoms, treatment options, mental health risk factors, and recommendations for providers.
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Lead Guidelines for Primary Care Providers Caring for the Adult Migrant Worker
Provides guidance to primary care providers treating adult migrant workers who have been exposed to lead in hazardous occupations such as farmwork and construction.
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Migrant Clinicians Network
view details
Economic Hardship and Depression among Women in Latino Farmworker Families
Details a secondary analysis looking at the correlation between depression and economic hardship for women in Latino farmworker families. Bases analysis on interviews with mothers in migrant and seasonal farmworker families, as well as participant characteristics such as age, education, and household food security, among others.
Author(s): Camila A. Pulgar, Grisel Trejo, Cynthia Suerken, et al.
Citation: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 19(3), 497-504
Date: 06/2016
Type: Document
view details
How Are Migrant Health Centers and Their Patients Faring Under the Affordable Care Act?
An analysis of the population characteristics of migrant and seasonal agricultural workers (MSAW) and their dependents, the changes over time in the MSAW population served by federally funded community health centers, and the effect of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Medicaid expansion on federally funded migrant health centers.
Author(s): Jessica Sharac, Rachel Gunsalus, Chi Tran, Peter Shin, Sara Rosenbaum
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Geiger Gibson Program in Community Health Policy, RCHN Community Health Foundation
view details
The Feasibility of Using Electronic Health Records to Describe Demographic and Clinical Indicators of Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers
Using 2012 data derived from a Colorado Migrant Health Center electronic health record (EHR) database, this study describes the demographics, social history, medical indicators, and diagnoses of patients who are migrant and seasonal farmworkers (MSFW) with the purpose of developing an electronic baseline clinical database that may improve clinical care, and support illness surveillance and epidemiologic studies of MSFW populations.
Author(s): Christina Socias, Yuanyuan Liang, George Delclos, et al.
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 21(1), 71-81
Date: 02/2016
Type: Document
view details
Associations of Poor Housing with Mental Health Among North Carolina Latino Migrant Farmworkers
Presents a study on the mental health of Latino farmworkers living in grower-owned camps in eastern North Carolina. Analyzes data based on levels of depression, anxiety, and alcohol misuse, as well as by participant and housing characteristics.
Author(s): Dana C. Mora, Sara A. Quandt, Haiying Chen, Thomas A. Arcury
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 21(4), 327-334
Date: 2016
Type: Document
view details
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Latino Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers
Reports on a study using a cross-sectional survey and clinical laboratory data to investigate the potential differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors by sex, and migrant or seasonal farmworker status among Latino farmworkers in the Midwest.
Author(s): Sheila F. Castañeda, René P. Rosenbaum, Jessica T. Holscher, Hala Madanat, Gregory A. Talavera
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 20(2), 95-104
Date: 04/2015
Type: Document
view details
The Status of Farm Labor Housing and the Health of Workers
Reviews the literature on housing for farmworkers with a focus on potential health impacts. Reports on data from California, Washington, Florida, Oregon, Texas, and North Carolina. Provides recommendations regarding farm labor housing and future research needed.
Author(s): Don Villarejo
Date: 03/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Institute for Rural Studies
view details
Remote yet Resourceful: Integrating Behavioral Health in Rural Primary Care
Presentation slides featuring discussion on designing, financing, and implementing primary care and behavioral health integration in a rural setting. Looks specifically at the Michigan's Upper Great Lakes Family Health Center, including the partners, operational plan, and outcomes.
Additional links: Webinar Recording (Requires email address to view recording), Webinar Transcript
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
view details
The Health of Male Agricultural Workers
Provides an overview of the health characteristics of male agricultural workers including occupational health, chronic disease, mental health, and other health related risk factors.
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Health Insurance and Farmworker Eligibility
A fact sheet summarizing data on farmworker health insurance status, the elements that contribute to their lack of health insurance, and possible repercussions farmworkers face by not having health insurance.
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Outreach Partners
view details
Perceptions of Housing Conditions Among Migrant Farmworkers and Their Families: Implications for Health, Safety and Social Policy
Provides insight into the housing conditions of migrant farmworkers in North Carolina and its effect on their health and safety.
Author(s): Jessica Keim-Malpass, Chaya R. Spears Johnson, Sara A. Quandt, Thomas A. Arcury
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 15(1), 3076
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
view details
LSC Agricultural Worker Population Estimate Update
Identifies the population of agricultural workers and their dependents, and provides an estimate of the size and distribution of this population to be used as a basis for allocating resources supported by federal programs targeting farmworkers, including health and human services programs.
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Legal Services Corporation
view details
Farmworkers' Health Fact Sheet: Data from the National Agricultural Workers Survey
Provides 2011-2012 statistics compiled by the U.S. Department of Labor's National Agricultural Workers Survey regarding the health of migrant and seasonal agricultural workers. Includes information on basic demographics, health history, occupational hazards, and access to healthcare.
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Outreach Across Populations: 2013 National Needs Assessment of Health Outreach Programs
Provides national data concentrated on farmworker communities served by health outreach programs at community health centers with migrant health funding.
Date: 01/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Outreach Partners
view details
Promoviendo Pasos a la Salud (Promoting Steps to Wellness): A Lifestyle Improvement Program
Describes the development and implementation of a 12-week program focused on promoting health and well-being by providing education on nutrition, physical activity, and stress reduction to low income, rural residents in Wasco and Hood River counties in Oregon and Klickitat and Skamania counties in Washington.
Author(s): Bianca Fernandez
Date: 01/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Encouraging Healthy Weight Among Kansas Farmworkers
Describes the development and implementation of a bilingual nutrition education workshop for farmworkers focused on healthy eating and maintaining a healthy weight.
Author(s): Kendra Baldridge, Pat Fernandez
Citation: Migrant Health Newsline
Date: 01/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Migrant Health Newsline: Commemorative Issue
Final and commemorative issue examining the migrant health movement. Includes reprints of past articles about the star of migrant health and the Migrant Health program.
Date: 2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
A Profile of Migrant Health: An Analysis of the Uniform Data System, 2010
Analyzes the demographic, socioeconomic, and health characteristics of patients from 142 community and migrant health centers that receive funding through the U.S. Public Health Service Act, Section 330.
Author(s): Bethany C. Boggess, Hilda Ochoa Bogue
Date: 2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Unfinished Harvest: The Agricultural Worker Protection Act at 30
Discusses the impacts of the 1983 Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (AWPA) on farmworkers' health, safety, housing, and more. Examines the law's historical and legislative background, interpreting court case provisions, and includes insights from leading farmworker advocates around the country.
Author(s): Megan Horn, Nicholas Marritz
Date: 12/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc.
view details
Nuestra Voz, Nuestra Salud, Nuestro Texas: The Fight for Women's Reproductive Health in the Rio Grande Valley
Examines reproductive health in the Rio Grande Valley region and provides recommendations to improve it. Data was collected from interviews and focus groups in four counties of the Lower Rio Grande Valley where several isolated rural border communities, or colonias, are located. Discusses the impact and results of Texas's policy decisions on Latinas, their families, and their communities as they search for affordable reproductive healthcare.
Date: 11/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health
view details
Oregon Indigenous Farmworkers: Results of Promotor Intervention on Pesticide Knowledge and Organophosphate Metabolite Levels
Highlights a study on changes in health knowledge relating to pesticides of indigenous farmworkers in Oregon. Details the results of participants' pesticide knowledge from pre/post-intervention questionnaires and biological testing.
Author(s): Linda McCauley, Jennifer D. Runkle, Julie Samples, et al.
Citation: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 55(10), 1164-1170
Date: 10/2013
Type: Document
view details
Identification of Barriers to the Prevention and Treatment of Heat-Related Illness in Latino Farmworkers Using Activity-Oriented, Participatory Rural Appraisal Focus Group Methods
Examines the barriers to prevent and provide treatment for heat-related illness (HRI) for Latino farmworkers in Central Washington State. Research was conducted through interviews, and by examining transcripts, field notes and investigator triangulation.
Author(s): Michelle Lam, Jennifer Krenz, Pablo Palmández, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 3,1004
Date: 10/2013
Type: Document
view details
Stress, Depression, and Coping among Latino Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers
Presents the findings of three focus groups and a quantitative survey of farmworkers in North Carolina. Working conditions were found to be related to both physical and mental stress, as well as lack of resources, family issues, and documentation status.
Author(s): Sloane Burke Winkelman, Elizabeth H. Chaney, Jeffrey W. Bethel
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(5), 1815-1830
Date: 05/2013
Type: Document
view details
An Overview of Farm Labor in the United States
Describes farm employment, farm workers, and the socioeconomic status of hired farm workers. Discusses how migration flow and immigration laws and policies increase the vulnerability of U.S. agriculture and potentially pose other concerns or threats to U.S. farmers.
Author(s): Philip Martin, Douglas Jackson-Smith
Citation: Rural Connections
Date: 04/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Western Rural Development Center
view details
Exposed and Ignored: How Pesticides are Endangering Our Nation's Farmworkers
Provides an overview of the dangers confronting farmworkers and their families in the U.S. from the use of pesticides and pesticide exposures.
Date: 2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc.
view details
Correlates of Mental Health among Latino Farmworkers in North Carolina
Details a study based on interviews with Latino farmworkers in rural North Carolina regarding their general mental health and environmental stressors. Data is broken down by age, legal status, and disorder, among other relevant factors.
Author(s): Rebecca Crain, Joseph G. Grzywacz, Melody Schwantes, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 28(3), 277-285
Date: 07/2012
Type: Document
view details
Reducing Barriers Associated with Delivering Health Care Services to Migratory Agricultural Workers
Identifies and discusses barriers to healthcare for migratory agricultural workers categorized as: work environment; migratory agricultural worker resources; and healthcare clinic practices.
Author(s): Hans Schmalzried, L. Fleming Fallon Jr.
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 12(3), 2088
Date: 07/2012
Type: Document
view details
Migratory & Seasonal Farmworker Population Estimates
Two interactive maps that display USDA's Census of Agriculture 2012 estimates of the number of crop and animal production workers by county. Estimates also include, for most of the counties, the number of child dependents and spouses not involved with farmwork, complied from the Department of Labor's National Agricultural Workers Survey.
Date: 2012
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Connecting Eligible Immigrant Families to Health Coverage and Care: Key Lessons from Outreach and Enrollment Workers
Discusses how the Affordable Care Act (ACA) can impact immigrant families using data collected by outreach/eligibility workers in four regions of the country. Highlights the role of community health centers, including migrant health centers, in connecting immigrant families to healthcare coverage.
Author(s): Oscar C. Gomez, Liberty Day
Date: 10/2011
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Program on Medicaid and the Uninsured
view details
Breaking Down the Barriers: A National Needs Assessment on Farmworker Health Outreach
Provides an overview of healthcare access barriers farmworkers face. Describes outreach services available, including health education, screening, health fairs, and interpretation services.
Date: 04/2010
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Outreach Partners
view details
Hispanic/Latino Populations for Nonmetropolitan Counties
Printable map that shows the percent of the U.S. population by county who are Hispanic or Latino. Data source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Decennial Census, Summary File 1.
Date: 2010
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
view details
Occupational Injury and Treatment Patterns of Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers
Highlights a study based on a survey of migrant and seasonal workers in Maine and New York regarding occupational injuries and treatment locations. Breaks down rate of migrant health center and emergency room utilization, as well as the rate of injuries treated elsewhere and those that went untreated.
Author(s): Melissa A. Brower, Giulia B. Earle-Richardson, John J. May, Paul L. Jenkins
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 14(2), 172-178
Date: 05/2009
Type: Document
view details
The Unidos Initiative: Mobilizing to Eliminate Barriers to Health and Healthcare in Farmworker Communities
Highlights an initiative to promote health literacy and screenings for skin cancer among farmworkers in AZ and CA. Breaks down program structure and partners.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Bristol-Myers Squib Foundation, Campesinos Sin Fronteras, Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc., Vista Community Clinic
view details
Farmworker Health Network: Key Resources for Agricultural Worker Health
Highlights several resources on agricultural worker health. Provides a summary for each resource and links to more information on each sponsoring program's website.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc., Health Outreach Partners, MHP Salud, Migrant Clinicians Network, National Association of Community Health Centers, National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
National Agricultural Workers Survey: Agricultural Worker Tables
Presents data on agricultural workers from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS). Presents data by demographic characteristics, health insurance coverage, and agricultural occupational injury, among others.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Labor
view details
MCN Health Network
Service for clinics who serve mobile patients, such as migrant workers. Helps ensure continuity of care and treatment completion by providing comprehensive case management, medical records transfer, and follow up services for mobile patients.
Type: Tool
Sponsoring organization: Migrant Clinicians Network
view details
Health Tips/Consejos de Salud
A bilingual, quarterly publication focused on health topics and issues relevant to the farmworker and the general Hispanic population. Subscription required however Federally-Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) may be eligible for a free subscription.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
view details
Access to Healthcare
Provides a variety of resources about the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and healthcare access for use by organizations helping migrant farmworkers get health insurance.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc.
view details
Migrant Clinicians Network: Toolbox and Resource Search Page
Features a resources and clinical systems toolbox catalog for migrant and community health centers. Includes resource such as healthcare organizations, patient education tools, clinical guidelines, and documents on primary care issues.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Migrant Clinicians Network
view details
PubMed Search: Migrant Health and Rural Health
Searches PubMed's collection of journal article citations on the combined topic of migrant health and rural health.
Type: Literature Search
Sponsoring organization: U.S. National Library of Medicine
view details
National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS)
An employment-based survey of the demographic, employment, and health data of the U.S. crop labor force. The information is obtained directly from farmworkers through face-to-face interviews.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Labor
view details
State and Regional Primary Care Associations Listing
Directory listing address, phone, email, and web addresses for state and regional Primary Care Associations (PCAs). PCAs work to promote, expand, and optimize access to primary care.
Type: Directory
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Community Health Centers
view details
Find a Health Center
Allows users to search for community health centers, including Federally Qualified Health Centers and other Bureau of Primary Health Care service delivery sites, by location. These health centers provide free and low-cost health services such as: primary medical, obstetrical and gynecological, dental, mental health, and substance abuse care.
Type: Directory
Sponsoring organization: Bureau of Primary Health Care
view details
Rural Migration News
Summarizes and analyzes the most important migration-related issues affecting immigrant farm workers in California and the United States. Published quarterly.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
view details

Additional resources are available related to this guide. See the full list of resources by topic for:


Last Updated: 9/4/2019