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Rural Response to the Opioid Crisis – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Response to the Opioid Crisis.

This Team from HHS Has Spent Five Years Taking on the Rural Crisis of Opioid Use
Podcast episode interviewing Heath Resource and Services Administration (HRSA) officials running the Rural Communities Opioid Response Program (RCORP). Describes starting the program, types of projects funded, program impacts, and how to apply.
Author(s): Tom Temin
Date: 09/2023
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organization: Federal News Network
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Care Coordination Between Rural Primary Care and Telemedicine to Expand Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder: Results from a Single-Arm, Multisite Feasibility Study
Examines the feasibility of expanding access to medication treatment for opioid use disorder (MOUD) in rural areas through the use of telemedicine. Analyzes 6 rural primary care sites and their care coordination model. Includes data on patients referred to telemedicine and total number of patient-days on MOUD.
Author(s): Yih-Ing Hser, Larissa J. Mooney, Laura-Mae Baldwin, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 39(4), 780-788
Date: 09/2023
Type: Document
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2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Methodological Resource Book
Report details the data collection practices and methodology to conduct the Nation Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) for 2022. Highlights data collection information for large, small, and nonmetropolitan areas.
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Factors Associated with Hospitalizations for Co-occurring HIV and Opioid-Related Diagnoses: Evidence from the National Inpatient Sample, 2009–2017
Analyzes the 2009-2017 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) to identify trends in co-occurring HIV and opioid-related hospitalizations and their risk factors. Discusses the impact of rurality, gender, race and ethnicity, region, and more on odds of hospitalization.
Author(s): Nima Khodakarami, Marvellous A. Akinlotan, Timothy Callaghan, et al.
Citation: Preventive Medicine Reports, 34(2023), 102225
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
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SAMHSA Strategic Plan 2023-2026
Details the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's framework and funding priorities for 2023-2026. Discusses priorities such as strengthening the behavioral health workforce, suicide prevention, and behavioral health integration, among other issues. Highlights behavioral health equity measures that address rural communities.
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Use of Medication for Opioid Use Disorder Among Adults With Past-Year Opioid Use Disorder in the US, 2021
Evaluated 47,291 adults using the 2021 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to determine whether rates of medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) use changed following implementation of COVID-19 pandemic policies intended to increase availability. Discusses gender, age, race and ethnicity, telehealth, and metro versus nonmetro residence.
Author(s): Christopher M. Jones, Beth Han, Grant T. Baldwin, Emily B. Einstein, Wilson M. Compton
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 6(8)
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
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KFF Tracking Poll July 2023: Substance Use Crisis And Accessing Treatment
Provides results of a poll focused on the impact of substance use on American families, such as experiences with addiction, social and mental health impacts of substance use, and potential outcomes of substance use such as homelessness or need for medical care. Includes information specific to opioid use with results categorized by race/ethnicity and community type, including urban, suburban, and rural.
Author(s): Grace Sparks, Alex Montero, Ashley Kirzinger, Isabelle Valdes, Liz Hamel
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: KFF
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Indian Health Service Program Evaluation Services: Community Opioid Intervention Pilot Projects FY 2021-2022 Report
Report evaluates the Indian Health Service's Community Opioid Intervention Pilot Project aimed at addressing opioid use disorder in American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Collects and evaluates data from grantees after the program's first year, April 1, 2021-March 31, 2022. Explores grantees' progress in building organizational capacity, community and educational events, and professional trainings, among other measures.
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Indian Health Service
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Addressing the Opioid Crisis: A Look at the Evolving Landscape of Federal OUD Treatment Policies
Provides an overview of five federal policies that impacted the provision of opioid use disorder (OUD) treatments during the COVID-19 pandemic. Covers regulations related to buprenorphine medication, methadone dispensing programs, overdose prevention and reversal methods, and leveraging Medicaid for pre- and post-release from prison OUD treatment services. Discusses how state laws may limit federal efforts.
Author(s): Heather Saunders, Nirmita Panchal
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: KFF
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Access to Medications for Opioid Use Disorder in Rural Versus Urban Veterans Health Administration Facilities
Explores rural veterans' access to medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) via the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system. Highlights VHA efforts to expand access to MOUD within VHA facilities and aims to identify access levels for rural veterans via the VA's Community Care program. Breaks down data by type of MOUD and by rural or urban location.
Author(s): Jessica J. Wyse, Sarah Shull, Stephan Lindner, et al.
Citation: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 38(8), 1871-1876
Date: 06/2023
Type: Document
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Last Updated: 4/23/2024