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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Integrating Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Into Health Workforce Training
Webinar recording discusses different ways to implement healthcare workforce training in methods of treatment for opioid use disorder. Features case studies in Colorado and in Nevada where the epidemic has largely been in rural areas.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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Life in Rural America
Summarizes the results of a survey of rural adults living in the U.S. Includes survey response data and statistics on a variety of topics such as: drug addiction or abuse and opioids; the economy; health conditions; suicide; and more.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, NPR, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
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Federal Legislation to Address the Opioid Crisis: Medicaid Provisions in the SUPPORT Act
Brief details the Medicaid provisions in the Substance Use Disorder Prevention that Promotes Opioid Recovery and Treatment for Patients and Communities (SUPPORT) Act. Discusses provisions aimed at treating substance use disorder in rural areas.
Author(s): MaryBeth Musumeci, Jennifer Tolbert
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Data Sources and Data-Linking Strategies to Support Research to Address the Opioid Crisis: Final Report
Identifies and describes secondary data sources that can be used in research and evaluations related to the opioid crisis. Discusses common approaches used to link or merge data sources. Describes research needs and challenges related to studying the opioid crisis.
Author(s): Rosanna Smart, Courtney Ann Kase, Amanda Meyer, Bradley D. Stein
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, RAND Corporation
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Evidence-Based Interventions for Adolescent Opioid Use Disorder
Presents a study on interventions targeting Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) in adolescents in Ohio. Focuses on interventions aimed at 11-18 year olds in 3 counties containing both rural and urban communities. Features a literature review of OUD interventions for adolescents.
Author(s): Christal Ramos, Lisa Clemans-Cope, Haley Samuel-Jakubos, Luis Basurto
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Urban Institute
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Changing Dynamics of the Drug Overdose Epidemic in the United States from 1979 Through 2016
Features a study on the changes in overdose mortality across the U.S. between 1979-2016. Aims to shed light on the current opioid crisis by placing it within a broader data set incorporating all illicit drug overdose deaths in a longer time frame. Details the specific changes in drug overdose mortality in rural areas.
Author(s): Hawre Jalal, Jeanine M. Buchanich, Mark S. Roberts, et al.
Citation: Science, 361(6408)
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
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Opioid-Affected Births to Rural Residents
Examines rates of diagnosis of maternal opioid use disorder and infant neonatal abstinence syndrome for rural residents at time of childbirth. Includes statistics for delivery location with breakdowns by rural, urban non-teaching, and urban teaching hospitals.
Author(s): Katy Kozhimannil, Tongtan Chantarat, Alexandra Ecklund, Carrie Henning-Smith
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General's Spotlight on Opioids
Provides data on prevalence of substance use, and opioid misuse, use disorders, overdoses, and related topics. Includes discussion of prevention programs and screening.
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Implementing an Integrated Medication-Assisted Treatment Program at Community Health Centers: Lessons from a Pilot Project in California
Evaluates the implementation phase of a pilot project to treat patients with opioid use disorder at Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in California, including rural FQHCs. The pilot focused on medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and integrating substance use and mental healthcare in a primary care setting.
Author(s): Jane Wishner, Lisa Clemans-Cope, Jeremy Marks, Marni Epstein
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Urban Institute
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Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and Maternal Access to Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in California Counties
Presents a study on maternal access to opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment in California. Discusses the role of Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) in treating neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and highlights some of the barriers rural pregnant women with OUD must overcome to receive treatment.
Author(s): Anuj Gangopadhyaya, Lisa Clemans-Cope, Marni Epstein
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Urban Institute
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