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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Illicit drug use

Health Disparities Related to Opioid Misuse in Appalachia: Practical Strategies and Recommendations for Communities
Offers statistics on opioid misuse and overdose deaths in rural Appalachian communities. Highlights strategies and resources to address opioid issues. Covers recommendations to assist policymakers, funders, and leaders working to reduce opioid related health disparities.
Author(s): Kate Beatty, Nathan Hale, Michael Meit, et al.
Date: 04/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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The Opioid Prescribing Rate and Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: State and County Level Analysis
Study highlights the relationship between grandparents raising children and the opioid crisis. Compares American Community Survey data from 2012-2016 with CDC 2016 Opioid Prescribing data. The State and County Level Analysis Poster presents a summary of the study, as well as state and county-level data and maps.
Additional links: State and County Level Analysis Poster
Author(s): Lydia Anderson
Date: 04/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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The Availability of Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction in Pennsylvania
Report details the availability of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid addiction throughout the state of Pennsylvania. Compares rural and urban counties and highlights MAT delivery methods to rural areas.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Harry D. Holt, Matin Katirai, Whitney Katirai
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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Tracking Federal Funding to Combat the Opioid Crisis
Features a report tracking the federally funded programs aimed at addressing the opioid crisis for the fiscal years 2017-2018. Highlights examples in five states where it compares total money spent by department on opioid treatment and reduction, as well as the number of opioid related deaths.
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bipartisan Policy Center
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Cross-Agency Approaches to Substance Use Disorder Prevention and Treatment: National Recommendations
Provides recommendations on how state agencies can work together to prevent and treat substance use disorder, including engaging with state offices of rural health. Offers examples from 8 states and emphasizes state efforts related to opioid misuse disorder.
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy for State Health Policy
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Identifying Safety-Net Resources at Health Centers to Prevent Infectious Disease Transmission Resulting from the Opioid Epidemic
Examines challenges faced and strategies used by Community Health Centers (CHCs) in rural areas to reduce the transmission of infectious diseases in relation to opioid use. Focuses on treatment of people with opioid use disorder; prevention of HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) transmission; integration of substance use services with mental health and primary care; information sharing among health centers and Ryan White Part C providers; and challenges related to staffing, administration, finances, and social stigma. Identifies 7 facilitators of successful programs.
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, RAND Corporation
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Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Save Lives
Reports on the findings from an expert committee regarding the evidence behind using medications to treat opioid use disorder, as well as issues with accessing medication-based treatment. Chapter 3 includes a section focusing on rural populations and chapter 5 addresses rural/urban differences in the number of healthcare providers waivered to prescribe buprenorphine, a medication used to treat opioid-use disorder.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Committee on Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Pain in the Nation Update: While Deaths from Alcohol, Drugs, and Suicide Slowed Slightly in 2017, Rates Are Still at Historic Highs
Issue brief details updated rates of deaths related to drugs, alcohol, and suicide from 2016-2017. Breaks down data by race, age, and regionally, including rural versus metro areas.
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Trust for America's Health
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Estimating the Number of People Who Inject Drugs in A Rural County in Appalachia
Demonstrates how a group of researchers conducted data collection in Cabell County, West Virginia in June and July 2018, to estimate the number of people who inject drugs such as heroin, methamphetamine, and fentanyl. Features statistics including demographics and breakdowns by type of drug injected.
Author(s): Sean T. Allen, Allison O'Rourke, Rebecca Hamilton White, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 109(3), 445-450
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
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Premature Mortality from All Causes and Drug Poisonings in the USA According to Socioeconomic Status and Rurality: An Analysis of Death Certificate Data by County from 2000–15
Examines premature deaths from drug poisoning versus all causes by county for white, black, and Latino people. Addresses differences by rural/urban location, socioeconomic status, education level, gender, and race/ethnicity. See additional link for detailed tables.
Additional links: Supplementary Appendix
Author(s): Meredith S. Shiels, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Ana F. Best, et al.
Citation: The Lancet, 4(2), e97-e106
Date: 02/2019
Type: Document
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