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Rural Project Examples: Primary care

Promising Examples

funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy The Health Wagon
Updated/reviewed November 2017
  • Need: Healthcare access for the medically underserved in Central Appalachia.
  • Intervention: A mobile clinic that provides free healthcare in 11 rural Virginia communities.
  • Results: The Health Wagon provides comprehensive healthcare services to over 4,000 patients annually.
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Physical and Behavioral Health Integrated Care Project
Updated/reviewed October 2017
  • Need: To provide unified and seamless access to primary physical care to adult patients in Clearfield and Jefferson counties in Pennsylvania who have been diagnosed with Serious and Persistent Mental Illness.
  • Intervention: A “one-stop shop” of healthcare services addressed the physical and behavioral health and medication needs of adults in the region.
  • Results: Results indicated better behavioral and physical health outcomes for participants, as well as increased adherence to medications.
Kitsap Mental Health Services: Race to Health!
Added August 2017
  • Need: To improve the physical health of individuals seeking mental healthcare.
  • Intervention: Race to Health! in Washington integrates mental health, substance use disorder treatment, and primary care for individuals with severe mental illness.
  • Results: Race to Health! helps reduce emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and costs (a total savings of $5,144,000 for Medicare patients).
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Cross-Walk: Integrating Behavioral Health and Primary Care
Updated/reviewed October 2016
  • Need: To address and treat substance abuse and depression in the Upper Great Lakes region.
  • Intervention: Cross-Walk, a program that integrates behavioral healthcare into primary care services, was developed in Michigan's Marquette County.
  • Results: The collaborative efforts strengthened care management services in local healthcare facilities as 344 patients were referred to a behavioral health specialist.

Other Project Examples

funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Montana Health Network Primary Care Telemedicine
Updated/reviewed May 2018
  • Need: Backup coverage for primary care providers in rural Montana.
  • Intervention: A network of healthcare facilities developed a primary care telemedicine program.
  • Results: While the technology worked for primary care telemedicine and patients were open to the process, primary care telemedicine did not become a long-term solution in this Montana region due to low patient volume and a lack of telemedicine provider availability.
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Community Care Partnership of Maine Accountable Care Organization
Updated/reviewed February 2018
  • Need: To increase access and quality of care for Medicare, Medicaid, uninsured, and commercial patients in rural Maine.
  • Intervention: 3 hospitals and 8 Federally Qualified Health Centers in Maine formed the Community Care Partnership of Maine Accountable Care Organization (CCPM ACO).
  • Results: CCPM serves about 70,000 patients in Maine. In addition, it implemented ACO shared savings plans with Maine Medicaid, Medicare, and five commercial health insurance payers in the state.
HealthTran Links Transit to Health
Updated/reviewed February 2018
  • Need: To provide transportation to patients in South Central Missouri who otherwise have non-existent, limited, or expensive transportation options to and from healthcare appointments.
  • Intervention: A non-emergency transportation service that offers rides for patients demonstrating a transportation need for timely primary and preventive care access.
  • Results: HealthTran has helped to improve healthcare access and long-term health outcomes, as well as reduced preventable hospitalizations and unnecessary emergency department visits.
LIFECORE Health Group's Integrated Care Delivery Model
Updated/reviewed January 2018
  • Need: A model that integrates primary care and mental health for rural residents in northeast Mississippi.
  • Intervention: LIFECORE Health Group created an integrated care delivery model that meets the mental health and primary care needs of children and adolescents who suffer from severe emotional disturbances and adults who suffer from chronic behavioral health disorders or chemical dependency.
  • Results: LIFECORE's integrated model has become a sustainable approach to health, reducing the amount of hospital stays and increasing patient compliance, utilization of LIFECORE services, health outcomes of patients with chronic diseases, and facility revenue.
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Connecting the Chronically Ill
Updated/reviewed August 2017
  • Need: Baker County, Florida, had many residents living with chronic illnesses and limited access to healthcare services.
  • Intervention: Connecting the Chronically Ill was started to provide Baker County's most vulnerable, chronically ill residents with medical services and health education.
  • Results: The program provided services to almost 400 residents and health education to nearly 900 residents, and it helped reform the area's judicial system for inmates with substance abuse and mental health issues.
funded by the Health Resources Services Administration Health-e-Schools
Updated/reviewed August 2017
  • Need: Rural school children lack proper healthcare resources within the school setting.
  • Intervention: Health-e-Schools provides health services to students via teleconferencing using video conferencing and special equipment.
  • Results: Health-e-Schools increases access to primary healthcare, increases attendance in the classroom, and decreases the amount of time that parents or guardians must take off of work to bring their child to health-related appointments.