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Rural Health Models and Innovations Funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration

A collection of rural health projects that received support from a part of the Health Resources and Services Administration other than the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy:

Effective Examples

New Mexico Mobile Screening Program for Miners
Updated/reviewed December 2017
  • Need: To increase access to medical screening for miners in New Mexico.
  • Intervention: A mobile screening clinic with telemedicine capability screens miners for respiratory and other conditions.
  • Results: In a recent survey, 92% of miners reported their care as very good, while the other 8% reported it as good. Since 1989, the program has served 6,685 miners.
Appalachian Preceptorship Program
Updated/reviewed October 2016
  • Need: To prepare future physicians for practicing in rural southern Appalachia.
  • Intervention: The Appalachian Preceptorship Program offers medical students clinical preceptorships to give them experience practicing in rural, underserved communities of southern Appalachia.
  • Results: Students who participate in this preceptorship are more than 3 times as likely to practice medicine in a rural location.

Promising Examples

Learning Exchange Reverse Demonstration (LERD) Model
Updated/reviewed July 2018
  • Need: To make it easier for rural nurses to continue their education by decreasing the need to travel.
  • Intervention: An innovative, online health assessment course uses telehealth to allow rural RN-BSN students to demonstrate skills acquisition.
  • Results: Rural participants had similar learning outcomes to those participating in the onsite version of the course, with fewer travel costs, less time away from work, and higher overall satisfaction.

Other Project Examples

MORE Care
Updated/reviewed July 2018
  • Need: To improve rural residents' oral healthcare.
  • Intervention: MORE Care creates interprofessional oral health networks to 1) better integrate oral health into primary healthcare and 2) coordinate oral health between primary and dental healthcare.
  • Results: Operating in 3 states, MORE Care has led to increases in fluoride varnish administration, improvement in interprofessional communication, and patients' improved self-management of their daily oral health.
University of Mississippi Medical Center's Center for Telehealth
Updated/reviewed July 2018
  • Need: Many rural areas in Mississippi lacked adequate access to specialty healthcare services such as emergency medicine, stroke neurology, pediatric specialists and psychiatrists.
  • Intervention: The University of Mississippi Medical Center created the Center for Telehealth to deliver quality specialty services through telehealth video conferencing and remote monitoring tools to the underserved areas of Mississippi.
  • Results: The program has been successfully implemented throughout many of the state's rural hospitals and has reduced transfers and geographic barriers for patients.
Cavity Free at Three
Updated/reviewed June 2018
  • Need: Nearly 40% of Colorado children have experienced dental decay by the time they reach kindergarten. With several frontier and rural counties in Colorado considered dental deserts, options for oral healthcare are limited.
  • Intervention: Cavity Free at Three (CF3) works to improve access to preventive oral health for pregnant women and young children. While CF3 is a statewide effort, 87% of the program's target counties are considered rural or frontier.
  • Results: Since its start in 2007, CF3 has trained 4,938 professionals in performing preventive dental health. The percentage of children who received dental care before their first birthday rose from 3.1% in 2010 to 9.5% in 2017.
Implementation of a Nursing Veterans' Initiative to Transform Education (INVITE)
Added May 2018
  • Need: To support rural veterans pursuing a career in nursing.
  • Intervention: The INVITE program improved the curriculum and reworked admission requirements to better support veteran students' experiences in the College of St. Scholastica undergraduate nursing program.
  • Results: The number of veterans pursuing nursing has more than doubled since program implementation, and all students have reported an increased interest in serving rural communities.
Alaska Health Workforce Coalition
Updated/reviewed April 2018
  • Need: To ensure a well-qualified and sustainable Alaskan workforce to meet the current and future health care needs of its residents.
  • Intervention: Establishment of the Alaska Health Workforce Coalition (AHWC), a public-private partnership created to develop, facilitate, implement, and support a statewide health workforce system.
  • Results: Coalition efforts impacted multiple state policies and programs, including a loan repayment and incentives program, completion of a health vacancy study, and the development and expansion of health-related education programs.
Teleaudiology: Taking Diagnostics to the Infant
Updated/reviewed April 2018
  • Need: Due to geographic distances between audiology professionals and rural North Dakota infants, more local pediatric audiology services were needed for required testing.
  • Intervention: Hub and spoke management and technical protocols with toolkits to promote teleaudiology services for infants 0 to 6 months of age.
  • Results: Teleaudiology implementations resulted in reduced parental travel times and increased audiology follow-up exams.
New Horizons Substance Use Recovery Network
Added March 2018
  • Need: In northern Michigan, a need for an integrated approach to deliver medication-assisted treatment for established patients of Federally Qualified Health Centers with opioid use disorder.
  • Intervention: Collaboration between one FQHC across 3 sites, a local waivered prescriber group, and a behavioral health organization created an integrated treatment approach for opioid use disorder.
  • Results: Increased access to medication-assisted treatment and comprehensive substance use disorder services leading to increased retention in treatment and increased engagement in stable recovery from opioid and alcohol use disorders.