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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Abuse and violence

An Algorithm Using Administrative Data to Measure Adverse Childhood Experiences (ADM‐ACE)
Article discussing the development and methodology of an administrative data tool to measure adverse childhood experiences (ADM-ACE), which researchers applied to 2018 claims and enrollment data for the Tennessee Medicaid program (TennCare). Presents ADM-ACE statistics drawn from the Tennessee data, and outlines how measures of adverse childhood experiences were defined and applied in the study. Offers rural/urban comparisons for rates of ADM-ACE prevalence.
Author(s): Laura E. Henkhaus, Gilbert Gonzales, Melinda B. Buntin
Citation: Health Services Research, 57(4), 963-972
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Children with 4+ Adverse Childhood Experiences Often Lack Positive Experiences
Fact sheet presenting findings of a study examining the level of protective positive childhood experiences (PCEs) among rural children, sorted by high-risk adverse childhood experience (ACE) scores. Offers comparisons of PCEs among children with fewer than 4 ACEs and greater than 4 ACEs, including after school activities, safe and supportive neighborhoods, and community and family connection.
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Family Strengthening Research: 2021 Report
Provides an overview of the Division of Family Strengthening's (DFS) major research investments through 2021. Reports on DFS focus areas: strengthening and supporting relationships, fatherhood, children, and families; reducing teen pregnancy and supporting positive youth development; and preventing family violence. Includes discussions on programs and issues specific to tribal and rural communities.
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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The Impact of Adverse and Positive Childhood Experiences on Rural Children, with Elizabeth Crouch
An episode of the Exploring Rural Health podcast featuring Dr. Elizabeth Crouch, director of the Rural and Minority Health Research Center, discussing insights on rural adverse and positive childhood experiences based on her research.
Date: 07/2022
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Rural Illinois in Numbers: Content-Valid Indicators for Governance
Reports on quality of life (QOL) measures in Illinois such as economic conditions, access to healthcare, educational attainment, crime rates, and more. Includes metro versus nonmetro comparisons using data spanning from 2000 to 2020.
Author(s): Adee Athiyaman
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs
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Racial/Ethnic Differences in Adverse and Positive Childhood Experiences Across Rural Communities: Results from the National Survey of Children's Health
Policy brief examining racial/ethnic differences in adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and positive childhood experiences (PCEs) exposure across rural communities. Features statistics on proportion of ACEs among rural children ages 6-17 by count, and ACEs and PCEs among rural children stratified by race/ethnicity
Author(s): Elizabeth Crouch, Sylvia Shi, Katherine Kelly, et al.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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The Never-Ending Maze: Continued Failure to Protect Indigenous Women from Sexual Violence in the USA
Report examining criminal justice, healthcare, and support service issues related to disparities in sexual violence for American Indian and Alaska Native women. Covers challenges due to jurisdictional limitations, challenges and opportunities in tribal policing, the need for training and access to rape kits at Indian Health Service (IHS) facilities, and culturally competent support for survivors of sexual violence.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Amnesty International
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Vital Signs: Changes in Firearm Homicide and Suicide Rates — United States, 2019–2020
Reports on changes to firearm homicide and suicide rates by age, race/ethnicity, region, and urbanization level. Examines 2019-2020 national vital statistics and population data, as well as urbanization and poverty measures at the county level.
Author(s): Scott R. Kegler, Thomas R. Simon, Marissa L. Zwald, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(19), 656-663
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Area-Level Deprivation and Adverse Childhood Experiences among High School Students in Maryland
Examines the frequency of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in adolescents in Maryland such as food insecurity and parental addiction, mental illness, violence, or incarceration. Reports on the 2018 Maryland Youth Risk Behavior Survey/Youth Tobacco Survey data from 41,091 adolescents to examine the connection between ACEs and area-level deprivation. Includes data breakdowns by rural/not rural county, age, sex, and sexual and gender minority (SGM) status.
Author(s): Shaheen Kurani, Lindsey Webb, Kechna Cadet, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 22(811)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Trajectories of Handgun Carrying in Rural Communities From Early Adolescence to Young Adulthood
Results of a study of 2,002 students in 12 communities across 7 states, to explore the patterns, frequency, and duration of handgun carrying among youths growing up in rural areas. Features demographics and statistics including percentage of respondents carrying a handgun at least once in the previous 12 months and frequency of handgun carrying with breakdowns by age.
Author(s): Alice M. Ellyson, Emma L. Gause, Sabrina Oesterle, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(4)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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