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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Criminal justice system

Looking at the Rural Homelessness Experience: Definitions, Data, and Solutions
Explains how homelessness impacts health. Features a Vermont organization's work using the evidence-based Housing First model to help people with mental health and substance use challenges and others who lack social supports and have housing needs.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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COVID-19 Vaccination: Resources for Disproportionately Affected Communities
Resources to support access to COVID-19 vaccination among disproportionately affected communities: people experiencing homelessness, correctional facilities, older adults, and people with disabilities. Includes information focused on reaching those who are homebound.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Missing or Murdered Indigenous Persons: Law Enforcement & Prevention
Details the U.S. Department of Justice's Missing and Murdered Indigenous Persons (MMIP) initiative and presents a number of reports highlighting strategies and collaborations to aid in the investigation and prevention of crimes against American Indian and Alaska Native people. Features reports from non-government organizations, such as the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and the Amber Alert Training and Technical Assistance Program, as well as from different areas of the federal government, such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Health and Human Services, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, among others.
Citation: DOJ Journal of Federal Law and Practice, 69(1)
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Justice
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Crisis Services: Meeting Needs, Saving Lives
Presents the National Guidelines for Behavioral Health Crisis Care Best Practices Toolkit and a number of companion papers on crisis care. Toolkit highlights best practices for crisis care and the papers discuss a number of related topics, including homelessness, substance use, opioid-related deaths, and rural and frontier areas, among other issues.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Report to the President - Activities and Accomplishments of the First Year of Operation Lady Justice
Details the successes, challenges, and lessons learned from the first year of Operation Lady Justice, the presidential task force on missing and murdered American Indians and Alaska Natives. Outlines the task force's structure, procedures, and initiatives, such as listening sessions with Native communities, consultation with tribal governments, and the establishment of a cold case team, among other actions. Highlights the task force's next steps.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Department of the Interior
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Multiple COVID-19 Outbreaks Linked to a Wedding Reception in Rural Maine — August 7–September 14, 2020
Reports on a COVID-19 outbreak that began at a rural Maine wedding reception and spread in the local community and to a long-term care facility and a correctional facility in other counties. Discusses the impact of noncompliance with CDC's recommended mitigation measures.
Author(s): Parag Mahale, Craig Rothfuss, Sarah Bly, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(45), 1686-1690
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Rural Legal Deserts Are a Critical Health Determinant
Highlights the role attorneys play in addressing social determinants of health (SDH) during the COVID-19 pandemic and how their absence in rural areas exacerbates SDH. Discusses the concept of "legal deserts" in rural areas, how they affect SDH, and how things have changed during the pandemic.
Author(s): Michele Statz, Paula Termuhlen
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 110(10), 1519–1522
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
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The American Opioid Epidemic in Special Populations: Five Examples
Report on the disproportionate impacts of the opioid crisis on certain populations, including those involved with the criminal justice system, rural populations, veterans, young adults, and individuals who inject drugs. Offers statistical data for each group and discussion of opioid use disorder and mortality, barriers to treatment, promising strategies to address treatment issues, and research and policy priorities. Section on rural populations offers data on drug overdose deaths, rates of opioid prescription, and the association between economic distress and opioid-involved deaths.
Author(s): Carlos Blanco, Mir M. Ali, Aaron Beswick, et al.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Human Trafficking in Native Populations: Q&A with Commissioner Jeannie Hovland
Interview with Jeannie Hovland, Commissioner of the Administration for Native Americans (ANA) under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Administration for Children and Families, about ANA and HHS responses to human trafficking, abuse, and violence in Native American communities. Discusses the relationship between trafficking and missing and murdered Native Americans and HHS tools to support tribal healthcare and human service efforts.
Author(s): Jenn Lukens
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 08/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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"It's on Us": Healthcare's Unique Position in the Response to Human Trafficking
Provides an overview of human trafficking and explains the role healthcare providers can play in addressing this issue in rural communities. Features a rural hospital CEO, a State Office of Rural Health (SORH) director, a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner, and a Safe Harbor Regional Navigator sharing their experiences combating human trafficking.
Author(s): Jenn Lukens
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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