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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Criminal justice system

A Toolkit for Legislative Reform: Improving Criminal Justice Responses to Mental Illness in Rural States
Toolkit details methods to improve access to mental health treatment in rural communities through the criminal justice system. Presents options for state policy reform, using South Dakota's mental illness intervention law as a case study.
Author(s): Barbara A. Pierce
Date: 09/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Crime and Justice Institute
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Domestic Violence Cases in Rural Pennsylvania Magisterial Courts: Practices, Effectiveness and Consequences
Results of a survey of judges in rural Pennsylvania courts as to the effectiveness of domestic violence case prosecution, with a focus on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Includes a discussion of reform history on both a national and state level, barriers to prosecution specific to rural communities, and statistics of types of charges filed versus convictions or dismissals.
Author(s): Gabriela Wasileski, Erika Davis-Frenzel
Date: 09/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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The Opioid Epidemic: Rural Organizations Fight Back
Highlights programs across the country, such as the ANGEL Program, the Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PARRI) and the Second Chance Drug Initiative, in which police departments and treatment facilities work together to fight addiction and move drug users toward treatment rather than incarceration. Also discusses the use and availability of Naloxone, an opioid overdose reversal drug.
Author(s): Zachary Toliver
Location: Rural Monitor
Date: 06/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Violent Victimization and Substance Dependency: Comparing Rural Incarcerated Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Women
Reports findings from a study of rural Appalachian women prisoners that looked at sexual identity and violent victimization experiences as they relate to alcohol and drug use.
Author(s): Melanie D. Otis, Carrie B. Oser, Michele Staton-Tindall
Location: Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 16(1-2), 176-201
Date: 2016
Type: Document
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An Examination of Hate and Bias Incidents in Pennsylvania, 1999 – 2012
Examines hate and bias incidents in Pennsylvania to compare their frequency, nature and impact on urban and rural communities.
Author(s): R. Barry Ruback, Andrew Gladfelter, Brendan Lantz
Date: 03/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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Attorney General’s Advisory Committee on American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence: Ending Violence So Children Can Thrive
Reports on the current epidemic of American Indian and Alaskan Native children's exposure to violence, and offers policy recommendations to the Attorney General on ways to address the issues.
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Justice
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'We Desperately Need Some Help Here' - The Experience of Legal Experts with Sexual Assault and Evidence Collection in Rural Communities
Provides context to promote understanding of the rural medico-legal response to sexual assault, and to inform sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) in rural areas. Describes the importance of the SANE role when responding to sexual assault and discusses possible solutions, such as telemedicine, to address the need for more properly trained SANEs in rural communities.
Author(s): Sandra Annan
Location: Rural and Remote Health, 14, 2659
Date: 10/2014
Type: Document
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An Interview with Lisa Davis
The director of the Pennsylvania Office of Rural Health discusses innovative programs, hydraulic fracking, and her work in prisons.
Author(s): Beth Blevins
Location: Rural Monitor, 2014(Spring)
Date: 05/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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A Roadmap to Making Native America Safer
A report to the President and Congress detailing the challenges of jurisdiction, law enforcement, and prosecution for tribal governments. Includes a discussion of the need for intergovernmental cooperation, alternative detention options, and juvenile justice preventions.
Date: 11/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Indian Law and Order Commission
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From the Gun Cabinet
After treating many tragic gunshot injuries as a physician, Myers argues that guns need safeguards.
Author(s): Wayne Myers
Location: Rural Monitor, 2013(Spring)
Date: 05/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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