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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Criminal justice system

West Virginia Substance Use Response Plan
Outlines West Virginia's plan to prevent and treat substance use disorder throughout the state. Details a number of goals in terms of prevention, treatment, research, and the criminal justice system pertaining to substance use disorder.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources
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The Promise of Adolescence: Realizing Opportunity for All Youth
Focuses on the impact of social determinants of health on adolescents. Discusses adolescent development; how the environment affects biology; and how societal factors such as education, healthcare, the child welfare system, and the justice system create disparities. Offers recommendations for each area and includes some discussion of rural disparities in the health system chapter.
Additional links: Read Online, Report Highlights
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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State Options for Promoting Recovery among Pregnant and Parenting Women with Opioid or Substance Use Disorder
Reports on interviews with health officials in Texas, Colorado, and Pennsylvania regarding how their states help pregnant women and young mothers with substance use disorders, focusing on opioids. Discusses Medicaid's role, funding sources of state initiatives, medication-assisted treatment, and issues for incarcerated women. Includes considerations and examples related to rural health throughout.
Author(s): Becky Normile, Carrie Hanlon, Hannah Eichner
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy for State Health Policy
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States Focus on Quality and Outcomes Amid Waiver Changes: Results from a 50-State Medicaid Budget Survey for State Fiscal Years 2018 and 2019
Reports on a survey of Medicaid directors and staff regarding state Medicaid programs and possible policy changes for 2019, including some challenges for rural areas throughout. Addresses Section 1115 waivers, expansion proposals, corrections-related enrollment, payment and delivery models, home and community-based care, social determinants of health, and plans to address the opioid epidemic.
Author(s): Kathleen Gifford, Eileen Ellis, Barbara Coulter Edwards, et al.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Kaiser Family Foundation, National Association of Medicaid Directors
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Late Life Domestic Violence: No Such Thing as "Maturing Out" of Elder Abuse
Focuses on elder abuse, with information on prevalence, screening, costs, and legal issues. Also features work being done in indigenous populations to address elder abuse.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department (CYFD) 2018 Annual Progress and Services Report (APSR)
Reports on the 3rd New Mexico Child and Family Service Review (CFSR), which discusses progress made towards outcomes in the areas of child welfare services, early childhood services, behavioral health services, and juvenile justice services. Addresses issues specific to rural areas, collaboration with tribes in the state, and coordination with the state Medicaid system for the behavioral and physical health needs of children, families, and youth in New Mexico.
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: New Mexico Children, Youth, and Families Department
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Oversight Hearing on "Justice for Native Youth: The GAO Report on 'Native American Youth Involvement in Justice Systems and Information on Grants to Help Address Juvenile Delinquency'"
Provides a recording and related documents from a Senate Committee on Indian Affairs hearing focused on factors that can increase justice system involvement by Native American youth, such as substance abuse, poverty, and limited funding for mental health services. Focuses on federal grants that could help address underlying issues. Additional links include the report under discussion from the Government Accountability Office.
Additional links: Native American Youth: Information on Involvement in Justice Systems and Grant Programs to Help Address Juvenile Delinquency
Date: 09/2018
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
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Pacific County, Wash.: Connection to Services Through Jail Screening and Referral
Describes efforts of a rural Washington State community to address the number of people with mental illnesses in their jail, as part of the national "Stepping Up" initiative. Examines the process of screening and providing connections to community-based providers.
Author(s): Nastassia Walsh
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Counties
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Calaveras County, Calif.: Connecting Justice-Involved People to Treatment and Services
Describes best practice strategies used by a rural northern California county as part of the national "Stepping Up" initiative, for the purpose of reducing the number of adults with mental illness in jails and connecting them to community-based treatment.
Author(s): Nastassia Walsh
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Counties
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Native American Youth: Involvement in Justice Systems and Information on Grants to Help Address Juvenile Delinquency
Reports data on Native American youth in various levels of the justice systems, including broad offense categories such as drugs and alcohol. Discusses factors that can increase the likelihood of Native American youth being involved with the justice system, such as poverty and exposure to violence. Identifies federal grant programs that may help address these issues and challenges impacting success in applying for the grants.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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