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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Child welfare

Substance Use, the Opioid Epidemic, and Child Welfare Caseloads: Methodological Details from a Mixed Methods Study
Discusses a study on the relationship between substance use, specifically opioid misuse, and child welfare caseloads. Explores reports of child abuse and foster care entries along with drug mortality rates and retail opioid sales.
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-123): CHIP, Public Health, Home Visiting, and Medicaid Provisions in Division E
Highlights a report on the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018. Details appropriations for Medicare, Medicaid, CHIP, public health, and other provisions in Division E. Provides some discussion of the effect of these appropriations on rural communities.
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Congressional Research Service
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Rural Child Welfare Practice
Issue brief emphasizing the importance of understanding needs and concerns of rural children and families, including healthcare and social services. Examines factors linked to child maltreatment, such as poverty, violence, and substance use, and features descriptions of successful programs designed to promote child welfare in rural areas of Montana, South Dakota, Kansas, and Colorado, and Appalachian Ohio and Kentucky.
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Tackling Poverty in Rural Communities
Discusses the Intergenerational Poverty Initiative in Weber County, UT. Details efforts to support health and well-being, access, resiliency, and dignity through mentors and role models in order to promote self-determination in impoverished youth.
Additional links: Webinar Links, Webinar Slides
Date: 09/2017
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
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2017 Report on Disproportionality of Placements of Indian Children
Explains the concept of disproportionality in child welfare, paying particular attention to the overrepresentation of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children in the child welfare and foster care systems. Discusses the problem at the national level, and also lists the top 15 U.S. states with the highest rates of disproportionality.
Date: 09/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Indian Child Welfare Association
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Assessing the Research on Home Visiting Program Models Implemented in Tribal Communities Part 2: Lessons Learned about Implementation and Evaluation
Reports on the Home Visiting Evidence and Effectiveness (HomVEE) project's tribal review, which assess the effectiveness of home visiting models in tribal communities. Analyzes different implementation and evaluation strategies of home visiting models designed to accommodate American Indian and Alaska Native cultural practices and family structures.
Author(s): Andrea Mraz Esposito, Rebecca Coughlin, Armando Yanez, et al.
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Assessing the Research on Home Visiting Program Models Implemented in Tribal Communities Part 1: Evidence of Effectiveness
Reports on the Home Visiting Evidence and Effectiveness (HomVEE) project's tribal review, which assess the effectiveness of home visiting models in tribal communities. Analyzes different studies of home visiting models designed to accommodate American Indian and Alaska Native cultural practices and family structures.
Author(s): Andrea Mraz Esposito, Rebecca Coughlin, Steven Malick, et al.
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Native Children’s Policy Agenda
Presents a report detailing policy recommendations for the health and well-being of Native American youth. Discusses the challenges facing Native children, such as lack of access to healthcare and healthy food, environmental hazards, and affordable housing, among others. Makes corresponding recommendations for tribal governments and federal policymakers.
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: First Kids 1st Initiative, National Congress of American Indians, National Indian Child Welfare Association, National Indian Education Association, National Indian Health Board
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What’s Killing Our Children? Child and Infant Mortality among American Indians and Alaska Natives
Examines social, behavioral, and environmental factors to determine the root causes behind significant disparities in infant and childhood mortality among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations. Highlights specific issues and makes policy recommendations to tribal and public health agencies, covering topics such as domestic violence, nutrition, tobacco and alcohol use, environmental degradation, unintentional injuries, and more.
Author(s): Teshia G. Arambula Solomon, Felina M. Cordova, Francisco Garcia
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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The State of America’s Children 2017
Provides national and state-by-state data on child, includes information on: population, poverty, income and wealth inequality, housing and homelessness, hunger and nutrition, health, early childhood, education, welfare, juvenile justice, and gun violence.
Additional links: State Factsheets
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Children's Defense Fund
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