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Resources by Topic: Child welfare

Family Strengthening Research: 2021 Report
Provides an overview of the Division of Family Strengthening's (DFS) major research investments through 2021. Reports on DFS focus areas: strengthening and supporting relationships, fatherhood, children, and families; reducing teen pregnancy and supporting positive youth development; and preventing family violence. Includes discussions on programs and issues specific to tribal and rural communities.
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Family Level Assessment and State of Home Visiting Outreach and Recruitment Study Report
Examines the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program to identify promising strategies for continued research as well as areas needing technical assistance, improvement, and evaluation. Reports on 266 programs to understand family capacity and need, how to frame outreach, promoting interest in home visits, collaborating with referral partners, and maintaining caseloads. Includes discussions specific to rural community contexts.
Author(s): Susan Zaid, Kim McCombs-Thornton, Leah Childress, et al.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Recruitment, Selection, Enrollment, and Retention Strategies with Head Start-Eligible Families Experiencing Adversity: A Review of the Literature
Examines Head Start recruitment, enrollment, and retention strategies in relation to families experiencing adversity. Reviews 39 research studies published between 2011 and 2021 to identify adversities experienced by Head Start-eligible families, such as poverty, homelessness, involvement with foster care and child welfare systems, and substance abuse. Includes information about unique adversities experienced in rural locations.
Author(s): Cassandra Baxter, Nikki Aikens, Louisa Tarullo, et al.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: ACF Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, Brazelton Touchpoints Center, Mathematica
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Parent Partners Provide Mentoring and Support in Rural Iowa
Features a statewide program in Iowa that pairs families whose children have been removed from the home with mentors with shared experience who have successfully navigated the state's Department of Human Services system. Describes the services that mentors provide: coaching, advocating, and connecting clients with community resources.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Episode 69: Engaging Indigenous Families and Communities
Podcast discusses the approaches tribal communities have taken to support Native families. Highlights strategies employed by caseworkers to address trauma-related child welfare issues. Features a discussion with representatives of the National Native Children's Trauma Center.
Additional links: Podcast Transcript
Date: 11/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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County Data Highlight Links between Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome and Placement of Infants in Foster Care
Explores the relationship between neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome and the rate of children entering the foster care system. Summarizes county-level data from eight states and highlights community level factors such as maternal education, healthcare, and rurality, among others.
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RAND Corporation
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Prenatal Alcohol and Other Drug Exposures in Child Welfare Study: Final Report
Reports the findings of a study examining 22 child welfare agencies in 5 states to determine how agencies obtain information about prenatal substance exposure (PSE) when a child is involved with the child welfare system and how agencies use PSE information to provide services and support for affected children and their families. Exhibit 4 describes the characteristics and key features of the states and child welfare agencies involved in the study, including a breakdown of rural and urban counties.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Tribal Child Welfare Systems' Experiences with Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol and Other Drugs: A Case Study
Shares the results of a federally-funded case study examining existing approaches and practices to identify and care for Native American children with prenatal substance exposure (PSE) and their families from the Red Lake Nation in Minnesota. Offers discussion and implications for tribal child welfare programs and federal agencies working with tribes to address child welfare issues.
Author(s): Priscilla Day, Erin Geary, Erin Ingoldsby, Pirkko Ahonen
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Foster Care Entry Rates Grew Faster for Infants than for Children of Other Ages, 2011–2018
Examines the rates of infant foster care entries from 2011-2018, offering state-level data on the percent change in foster care entries, a map of counties where the infant entry rate was in the top 1/3 of the country, and a breakdown by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan status.
Author(s): Gilbert Crouse, Robin Ghertner, Emily Madden, Laura Radel
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Child Maltreatment 2019
Reports on rates of children receiving child protective services, children who died of abuse and neglect, and children who are victims of maltreatment, using data collected from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS). Offers information on availability and access to child protective services at the state and territory level, including how some counties respond to child abuse and neglect screenings, referrals, and the provision of services. Mentions rural responses in Connecticut, Minnesota, Nevada, and North Dakota.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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