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Resources by Topic: Accountable Care Organizations

Evaluation of the Vermont All-Payer Accountable Care Organization Model: Second Evaluation Report
Evaluates the first three performance years of the Vermont All-Payer Accountable Care Organization Model (VTAPM), which aims to assess whether scaling an Accountable Care Organization (ACO) across all payers in the state can reduce program expenditures while preserving or improving care quality. Discusses the implementation of the model, provider engagement, efforts to address population health goals; characteristics of participating hospitals, practitioners, and beneficiaries; and the model's impacts on Medicare spending, utilization, and quality of care. Describes changes to the model's design in response to the COVID-19 public health emergency and how COVID-19 and a cyberattack impacted healthcare utilization. Includes information on hospital and provider participation in rural areas and limited participation by Critical Access Hospitals.
Additional links: Findings at a Glance, Technical Appendices
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, NORC at the University of Chicago
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Medicare Shared Savings Program: Rule Changes and Implications for Rural Health Care Organizations
Summarizes changes to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Medicare Shared Savings Program (SSP) that take effect in January 2023 for current participants, and in January 2024 for organizations applying for a January 1, 2024 start. Discusses the potential impact of these changes on rural health and participation considerations.
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
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Fifth Evaluation Report: Next Generation Accountable Care Organization Model Evaluation
Reports on changes to the Next Generation Accountable Care Organization (NGACO) Model in response to the COVID-19 public health emergency (PHE). Presents information on cumulative model-wide impacts on Medicare spending, utilization, and quality of care, as well as impacts observed in 2020, the model's fifth performance year. The appendices include data on community characteristics, including rurality.
Additional links: Technical Appendices
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, NORC at the University of Chicago
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A Global Equity Model (GEM) for the Advancement of Community Health and Health Equity
Provides an overview of existing and emerging payment systems and their roles in promoting community health and health equity. Proposes a global payment model for health systems' inpatient, emergency department (ED), and outpatient sites of care with community health and health equity as its organizing features. Includes information on the Pennsylvania Rural Health Model, the ACO REACH model, and other rural-relevant payment models.
Author(s): Anaeze C. Offodile II, Jason B. Gibbons, Samantha Murrell, Donna Kinzer, Joshua M. Sharfstein
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Person-Centered Innovation – An Update on the Implementation of the CMS Innovation Center's Strategy
Provides an update on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' (CMS) Innovation Center's progress in the implementation of the strategy refresh announced in 2021. Describes accomplishments from the first year of implementing the strategy refresh and outlines areas of focus for the upcoming year across the five strategic objectives: driving accountable care, advancing health equity, supporting innovation, addressing affordability, and partnering to achieve healthcare system transformation. Includes information on the Accountable Care Organization Realizing Equity, Access, and Community Health (ACO REACH) Model and the Community Health Access and Rural Transformation (CHART) Model.
Additional links: Supplemental Document
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Financial Characteristics of Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) Participating in Accountable Care Organizations (ACO)
Examines Critical Access Hospital (CAH) participation in Medicare and non-Medicare Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) in 2019. Compares the organizational and financial characteristics of CAHs across facilities that participate in ACOs and those that do not participate in an ACO. Includes data on profitability, liquidity, outpatient revenue, and Medicare payer mix.
Author(s): Angelina Budko, George Pink, Susie Gurzenda, Ann Howard, Kristin L. Reiter
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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Rural Health System Value-Based Care Innovators Roundtable: Strategies and Insights
Presents findings from interviews with five health systems that include a substantial proportion of rural hospitals and clinics and actively support the transition to value-based care. Covers organizational structure, governance and decision-making, operations, data and communication, contracts, and social determinants of health. Identifies common health system tensions and opportunities to implementing value-based care at rural facilities.
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
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MedPAC Payment Basics
Series of briefs providing an of Medicare payment systems. Covers payments systems including Accountable Care Organizations (ACO), Critical Access Hospitals (CAH), Federally Qualified Health Centers and Rural Health Clinics, hospital acute inpatient services, and more.
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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MaineHealth ACO – Integrating and Using Data to Support Care Delivery
Profiles MaineHealth ACO, a network of 11 hospitals, 353 clinical practices, 18 Rural Health Clinics, and 2 Federally Qualified Health Centers. Describes how MaineHealth ACO integrates clinical and claims data to support care delivery, target patient needs, and reduce costs.
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
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Medicare Payment Basics: Accountable Care Organizations Payment Systems
Provides an overview of Medicare's Accountable Care Organization (ACO) programs. Discusses the payment mechanics of ACOs, including the maximum shared savings and losses of Medicare Shared Savings Program ACOs by track and level.
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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