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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Accountable Care Organizations

MedPAC Comment on CMS's Proposed Rule on the Physician Fee Schedule and Other Revisions to Part B for CY 2022
Comment on a July 23, 2021, Federal Register proposed rule revising the physician fee schedule to improve payment systems for physicians and other Medicare Part B revisions. Includes a discussion of the expansion of telehealth service coverage after the COVID-19 public health emergency, as well as reimbursement rates to Rural Health Clinics and Federally Qualified Health Centers for telehealth mental health services.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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CMS Innovation Center COVID-19 Flexibilities
Shares flexibilities and adjustments to current and future Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) models in response to the COVID-19 public health emergency. Addresses changes related to financial methodologies, quality reporting, and model timelines.
Additional links: CMS Model Flexibilities Table
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Evaluation of the Vermont All-Payer Accountable Care Organization Model: First Evaluation Report
Evaluates the first two performance years of the Vermont All-Payer Accountable Care Organization Model (VTAPM), which aims to assess whether scaling an Accountable Care Organization (ACO) across all payers in the state can reduce program expenditures while preserving or improving care quality. Discusses the implementation of the model, provider engagement, efforts to address population health goals; characteristics of participating hospitals, practitioners, and beneficiaries; and the model's impacts on Medicare spending, utilization, and quality of care. Includes information on hospital and provider participation in rural counties and unique challenges for rural Critical Access Hospitals.
Additional links: Findings at a Glance, Technical Appendices
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, NORC at the University of Chicago
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MedPAC Data Book: Health Care Spending and the Medicare Program, 2021
Provides an overview of Medicare spending and highlights data on Medicare beneficiary demographics, dual-eligible beneficiaries, quality of care provided through the Medicare program, and other payer liability. Examines settings of care, including rural specific provider sites, as they relate to spending, access to care, and profit margins. Compares rural and urban beneficiaries and providers throughout. Chart 6-2 addresses rural hospital closures.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Basics of Value-based Care and Payment
Slides presented to the Rural Healthcare Provider Transition Project (RHPTP) providing an overview of value-based care and payment models. Includes examples of rural providers addressing patient social needs, tackling local health issues, and aligning services with community needs.
Author(s): Jennifer P. Lundblad
Date: 06/2021
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
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Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Benefiting Rural Individuals, Benefiting Rural Population Health
Discusses the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) as a treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Highlights the potential of telehealth to deliver PR in rural areas and features the work of rural PR programs.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Strengthening Primary Care and Improving Population Health: Nebraska's Approach
Explores efforts to strengthen primary care in Nebraska through Patient-Centered Medical Homes, Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs), and the Comprehensive Primary Care Plus program. Discusses the development of pilot programs and a partnership with a local nonprofit and the University of Nebraska College of Public Health.
Author(s): Martha Hostetter, Sarah Klein
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Milbank Memorial Fund
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Sustainability Strategies for Community-based Palliative Care
Summarizes themes from two roundtable discussions conducted in late 2018 with 9 rural palliative care programs in Minnesota and surrounding states. Offers examples and resources for sustainability strategies to support community-based palliative care programs.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Stratis Health
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High-Functioning Rural Medicare ACOs – A Qualitative Review
Describes the success factors common to high-performing Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) based in rural areas of New York, Maine, Missouri and Arkansas, and New Hampshire. Examines these organizations' governance, ACO history, operations, finances, population health, and lessons learned.
Author(s): Thomas Vaughn, Keith Mueller, Clinton MacKinney
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
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Continuing on the Road to Value
Slides presented at the Indiana Rural Health Association's Annual Public Policy Forum. Discusses management methods and policy initiatives for transitioning hospitals to value-based care. Includes information on the Community Health Access and Rural Transformation (CHART) Model, Accountable Care Organization (ACO) Pathways to Success, and global budgeting.
Author(s): Keith J. Mueller
Date: 01/2021
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute
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