Report of the (Pennsylvania) Opioid Abuse Child Impact Task Force: Act 2 of 2022
Identifies strategies to mitigate the suffering of Pennsylvania infants and children affected by the opioid epidemic and alcohol abuse. Offers 13 actionable recommendations for consideration by the General Assembly and governor. Mentions rural throughout, and includes county-level maps showing higher rates of opioid use disorder and its consequences in Pennsylvania rural counties.
Author(s): Glenn J. Pasewicz, Allison N. Kobzowicz, Daniel Nguyen, et al. Date: 11/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Joint State Government Commission, General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania view details
An Analysis of Pennsylvania's Children
Report examining trends from 2010-2019 pertaining to Pennsylvania children ages 0-17, comparing and contrasting the profiles of rural and urban children. Provides statistics on dimensions including economic circumstances, education, foster care, insurance, access to healthcare, health, mortality, and use of alcohol and illicit drugs.
Author(s): Rhoda C. Joseph Date: 11/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania view details
The 24/7 Sobriety Program's Effects on Impaired Drivers in North Dakota: 2014-2021
Reports on the 24/7 Sobriety Program's effectiveness in preventing recidivism in alcohol-impaired drivers. Includes an overview of the program and its strategies, information on participants, and program entries and violations broken down by rural versus urban county.
Author(s): Kimberly Vachal, Yun Zhou Date: 09/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute view details
Evaluating Disparities in Traffic Fatalities by Race, Ethnicity, and Income
Describes disparities in traffic safety among different race-ethnicity groups and income rates, based on fatal police-reported motor vehicle traffic crashes from 2014-2018 on public roadways. Explores the effect of risky behaviors on fatalities including alcohol use, restraint use, handheld electronic device use, and speeding. Features statistics including distribution of traffic fatalities by race-ethnicity in 2018, with breakdowns by urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Donna Glassbrenner, Gabrielle Herbert, Leah Reish, Caitlin Webb, Tonja Lindsey Date: 09/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration view details
America's Rural Roads: Beautiful and Deadly
Examines rural road fatal crashes using data for years 2016-2020. Describes where people crash on rural roads, who crashes, and what risky behaviors may contribute to crashes. Includes statistics on road fatalities, proportions of rural and urban population compared with proportions of road fatalities, fatalities per vehicle miles traveled, crash type and vehicle type, sex, race and ethnicity, age, alcohol use, drug involvement, and speeding, with breakdowns by rural or urban location. Includes state-level statistics on fatalities by state maximum speed limit.
Author(s): Paula Raymond Date: 09/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organizations: Governors Highway Safety Association, State Farm view details
Characteristics of Adults Aged ≥18 Years Evaluated for Substance Use and Treatment Planning — United States, 2019
Examines past 30-day substance use patterns for alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, illicit stimulants, heroin, illicit fentanyl, prescription opioid misuse, prescription stimulant misuse, and prescription sedative, tranquilizer, and sleeping pill use. Also looks at the severity of problems experienced in these areas: alcohol, drug, employment, family, legal, medical, and psychiatric issues. Includes data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural areas.
Author(s): Akadia Kacha-Ochana, Christopher M. Jones, Jody L. Green, et al. Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(23), 749-756 Date: 06/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention view details
The State of Our Health: A Statewide Health Assessment of Pennsylvania
Identifies specific health challenges in Pennsylvania and indicates where the largest improvements can be made. Features sections on social determinants of health, access to care, substance use, chronic diseases, mental health, maternal and infant health, injury and violence prevention, infectious diseases and immunization, Health Professional Shortage Areas, and environmental health. Includes references to rural throughout.
Date: 03/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Pennsylvania Department of Health view details