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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Community and economic development

Meeting Native American Housing Needs
Offers articles discussing the housing needs of Native Americans from the perspectives of national coalitions, a Native-owned bank, and practitioners working in tribal areas. Shares strategies for working with Native populations towards housing solutions. Highlights the Sisseton Wahpeton Housing Authority's role in providing housing and community development on the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate reservation in South Dakota.
Citation: Rural Voices, 21(3)
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Housing Assistance Council
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What's Next? Practical Suggestions for Rural Communities Facing a Hospital Closure
Presents alternative healthcare solutions for rural Texas communities that are facing a rural hospital closure. Examines the current state of healthcare delivery and outlines the regulatory and legislative obstacles to maintaining rural hospital services. Appendices provide additional information including maps of rural Texas hospital closures, a list of useful resources, reflections from rural hospital leaders, and more.
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: A&M Rural and Community Health Institute, Episcopal Health Foundation
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Access to Capital and Credit in Native Communities: A Data Review
Examines progress in Native Communities' access to capital since 2001, and summarizes capital and credit access for Native consumers, Native business owners, and tribal communities and governments. Features statistics related to credit scores, loans, and startup capital.
Author(s): Miriam Jorgensen, Randall K.Q. Akee
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Native Nations Institute
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Improving Community Health through Hospital Community Benefit Spending: Charting a Path to Reform
Provides background on the origin and importance of nonprofit hospital community benefit spending, and explains the difference between community building and community benefit activities. Examines policy options that the IRS could use to enhance community benefit spending focused on improving social determinants of health community-wide. Includes rural-specific statistics and multiple comparisons of items identified in community health needs assessments (CHNAs).
Author(s): Sara Rosenbaum, Maureen Byrnes, Sara Rothenberg, Rachel Gunsalus
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health Department of Health Policy and Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health
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Exploring Transit's Contribution to Livability in Rural Communities: Case Study of Valley City, ND, and Dickinson, ND
Examines the connection between transit and rural livability by conducting surveys and interviews in 2 rural North Dakota communities: Valley City and Dickinson. Criteria for the survey included rider diversity, trip purpose, transit utilization, transit patronage, service variety, and ease of outreach. Discussion covers several factors of livability including access to quality healthcare.
Author(s): Ranjit Godavarthy, Jeremy Mattson
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute
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Measuring Rural Wealth Creation: A Guide for Regional Development Organizations
Presents concepts and samples to create a development plan for measuring progress in rural wealth creation for rural development organizations (RDOs) involved in community and economic development. Specifically identifies 8 forms of capital measures useful to evaluate progress in rural wealth creation including the skills, understanding, physical health and mental wellness of the individuals within the community.
Author(s): Carrie Kissel
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Development Organizations
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Comparing the Community Benefit Spending of Critical Access, Other Rural, and Urban Hospitals
Examines the levels and types of community benefit spending by Critical Access, rural, and urban hospitals. Compares the spending by percentage of total expenses, as well as by category, direct patient care versus community-building activities.
Author(s): John Gale, Zach Croll, Andrew Coburn, Jamar Croom
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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Economic Impact of a Critical Access Hospital on a Rural Community
Estimates the economic impact of a Critical Access Hospital (CAH) on a rural community. Uses data collected from 2012 to 2016, representing 91 CAHs across 18 states. Discusses direct impacts, such as employee wages and benefits, as well as secondary benefits such as construction activity and retail spending.
Author(s): Gerald A. Doeksen, Cheryl F. St. Clair, Fred C. Eilrich
Date: 10/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Rural Health Works
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Estimate the Economic Impact of a Rural Primary Care Physician
Provides estimates of, and the methodology used to determine, the economic impact of a primary care physician on a rural community. Shows that the economic impact is greater in communities that have a local hospital, where the physician can refer patients and provide inpatient services.
Author(s): Fred C Eilrich, Gerald A. Doeksen, Cheryl F. St. Clair
Date: 10/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Rural Health Works
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Economic Impact of Rural Health Care
Presents the economic impacts that various healthcare components have on rural communities. Covers topics such as Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs), rural hospital closures, prospective payment system (PPS) hospitals, Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), primary care physicians, and more.
Author(s): Gerald A. Doeksen, Cheryl F. St. Clair, Fred C. Eilrich
Date: 10/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Rural Health Works
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