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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Criminal justice system

Intimate Partner Violence and Structural Violence in the Lives of Incarcerated Women: A Mixed-Method Study in Rural New Mexico
Presents a study of incarcerated women's experiences with intimate partner violence (IPV) and other structural issues disproportionately affecting rural women in New Mexico who are victims of IPV. Draws data from surveys of 99 women, discussing the correlation of IPV with mental health issues, substance use, and socioeconomic conditions.
Author(s): Shilo St. Cyr, Elise Trott Jaramillo, Laura Garrison, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(12), 6185
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
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Healing Our Protectors: Building Resilience Among Tribal Law Enforcement Officers Through Cultural Interventions
Report highlights behavioral health issues facing tribal law enforcement officers, specifically post-traumatic stress disorder. Details common mental health concerns for tribal law enforcement and explores the personal experience of a law enforcement officer who has served tribal communities in a number of positions. Discusses the role of cultural beliefs in behavioral health treatment and support.
Author(s): LaVonne Fox, Leo Belgarde, Sr., Thomasine Heitkamp, et al.
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
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COVID-19 Outbreaks in Correctional Facilities with Work-Release Programs — Idaho, July–November 2020
Reports on COVID-19 outbreaks among incarcerated people at five Idaho correctional facilities with work-release programs. The work-release sites included an agriculture-related rural work camp and two food processing plants. Discusses the increased risk of COVID-19 exposure related to work-release programs, as well as correctional facility mitigation activities and outbreak control.
Author(s): Eileen M. Dunne, Ellie Morgan, Bruce Wells-Moore, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(16), 589-594
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Looking at the Rural Homelessness Experience: Definitions, Data, and Solutions
Explains how homelessness impacts health. Features a Vermont organization's work using the evidence-based Housing First model to help people with mental health and substance use challenges and others who lack social supports and have housing needs.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Missing or Murdered Indigenous Persons: Law Enforcement & Prevention
Details the U.S. Department of Justice's Missing and Murdered Indigenous Persons (MMIP) initiative and presents a number of reports highlighting strategies and collaborations to aid in the investigation and prevention of crimes against American Indian and Alaska Native people. Features reports from non-government organizations, such as the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and the Amber Alert Training and Technical Assistance Program, as well as from different areas of the federal government, such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Health and Human Services, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, among others.
Citation: DOJ Journal of Federal Law and Practice, 69(1)
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Justice
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Multiple COVID-19 Outbreaks Linked to a Wedding Reception in Rural Maine — August 7–September 14, 2020
Reports on a COVID-19 outbreak that began at a rural Maine wedding reception and spread in the local community and to a long-term care facility and a correctional facility in other counties. Discusses the impact of noncompliance with CDC's recommended mitigation measures.
Author(s): Parag Mahale, Craig Rothfuss, Sarah Bly, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(45), 1686-1690
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Rural Legal Deserts Are a Critical Health Determinant
Highlights the role attorneys play in addressing social determinants of health (SDOH) during the COVID-19 pandemic and how their absence in rural areas exacerbates SDOH. Discusses the concept of "legal deserts" in rural areas, how they affect SDOH, and how things have changed during the pandemic.
Author(s): Michele Statz, Paula Termuhlen
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 110(10), 1519-1522
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
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The American Opioid Epidemic in Special Populations: Five Examples
Report on the disproportionate impacts of the opioid crisis on certain populations, including those involved with the criminal justice system, rural populations, veterans, young adults, and individuals who inject drugs. Offers statistical data for each group and discussion of opioid use disorder and mortality, barriers to treatment, promising strategies to address treatment issues, and research and policy priorities. Section on rural populations offers data on drug overdose deaths, rates of opioid prescription, and the association between economic distress and opioid-involved deaths.
Author(s): Carlos Blanco, Mir M. Ali, Aaron Beswick, et al.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
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Impaired Driving Among Rural Female Drug-Involved Offenders
Highlights a study on women convicted of impaired driving in rural areas. Breaks down data by demographic data such as age, race, and education, as well as prior history of mental health and substance use issues.
Author(s): J. Matthew Webster, Martha Tillson, Megan F. Dickson, Michele Staton
Citation: Traffic Injury Prevention, 21(8), 513-520
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
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Crisis Services: Meeting Needs, Saving Lives
Presents the National Guidelines for Behavioral Health Crisis Care Best Practices Toolkit and a number of companion papers on crisis care. Toolkit highlights best practices for crisis care and the papers discuss a number of related topics, including homelessness, substance use, opioid-related deaths, and rural and frontier areas, among other issues.
Date: 08/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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