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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Culture and cultural competency

Indian Health Service Health Equity Report
Reports on efforts to advance health equity in the Indian Health Service (IHS). Discusses strategies and funding supporting access to facilities and services, quality of care, cultural appropriateness, wellness and disease prevention, and more.
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Indian Health Service
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Patient-Centered Respectful Maternity Care: A Factor Analysis Contextualizing Marginalized Identities, Trust, and Informed Choice
Examines issues of maternal autonomy and respect related to a pregnant person's experiences in the healthcare system. Utilizes the Mothers on Respect Index (MORi) and Mothers Autonomy in Decision Making (MADM) scales to analyze data from 484 patients regarding trust, informed choice, and identity. Includes statistics broken down by race, educational attainment, employment, justice involvement, disabilities, social risks, and rural-urban commuting area (RUCA) codes across 7 RUCA categories, from rural area to metropolitan core.
Author(s): Annie Glover, Carly Holman, Patrick Boise
Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 24, 267
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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A Strategy To Support Perinatal Mental Health By Collaborating With Tribal Communities In Montana
Describes a community-based participatory approach with Montana tribal communities to create an online guide of mental health resources for prenatal to age three populations. Discusses the outcomes of collaboration, the Two-Eyed Seeing approach for health promotion, and opportunities for including cultural knowledge and values in future health promotion work.
Author(s): Amy Stiffarm, Stephanie Morton, Dawn Gunderson, et al.
Citation: Health Affairs, 43(4)
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
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Building Flourishing Native Families and Thriving Communities: A Reflection on 2023
Provides background on the Administration for Native Americans, outlines strategic priorities for 2023 and 2024, and discusses community partners and collaborations. Focuses on issues such as economic development funding for Native Hawaiians, early childhood development, Native languages, and missing and murdered indigenous people.
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Rural-Specific Identity and Associations with Lifestyle Behaviors and Well-Being Among Rural Cancer Survivors
Examines how issues such as rural identity, attitudes toward rurality, and health beliefs impact rural cancer survivors' well-being. Utilizes survey data from 188 cancer survivors to discuss the relationship between sociocultural factors and quality of life, cancer fatalism, cancer information overload, rural identity and perceptions, and more.
Author(s): Kristina L. Tatum, Bonny B. Morris, Trevin E. Glasgow, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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The Health and Social Impacts of the Maui Wildfires: Post-Disaster Care from a Sociocultural Lens
Highlights the impact of a wildfire event on existing health and social service disparities in Maui, Hawaii. Discusses housing, employment, finances, mental health, suicide risk, culture, social isolation, rurality, and service limitations. Notes opportunities and challenges for addressing these impacts using telehealth and outside assistance.
Author(s): Ryan Holliday, Lauren S. Krishnamurti, Shiloh E. Jordan, et al.
Citation: Hawai'i Journal of Health & Social Welfare, 83(3), 85-87
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Reaching the Unheard: Overcoming Challenges in Health Research with Hard-to-Reach Populations
Analyzes strategies to engage hard-to-reach populations in health research. Discusses two case studies focused on specific issues in health research: breast cancer screening among rural and urban Mexican women in Illinois and mental health needs of Afghan refugees in Oklahoma. Provides reflection on issues such as cultural competency, language used in research, cultural identity and representation of research staff, choosing appropriate research sites, and more.
Author(s): Venera Bekteshi, Munjireen Sifat, Darla E. Kendzor
Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health, 23, 61
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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The Influence of Transformations in Supply on Methamphetamine Initiation Among People Injecting Opioids in the United States
Discusses the co-use of methamphetamine (MA) and opioids (pharmaceutical pills, heroin and fentanyls) through interview and observation of 30 individuals in West Virginia. Explores drug initiation and supply as well as evolving cultural beliefs and taboos of drug use, including those related to rural spaces in West Virginia.
Author(s): Sarah Mars, Jeff Ondocsin, Nicole Holm, Daniel Ciccarone
Citation: Harm Reduction Journal, 21, 57
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Addressing Adolescent Substance Abuse and Risky Sexual Health Behaviors Via Youth-Led Initiatives: A Review of the Teens Linked to Care Pilot Program
Evaluates the Teens Linked to Care (TLC) pilot program which is meant to reduce substance use and risky sexual health behaviors in high-risk youth, including sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY). Examines the program framework, strategies, and implementation in 2 rural sites and discusses the impact of education, access to care, and supportive environments to promote healthy behaviors. Includes demographic and behavioral health data of participants.
Author(s): Hailey Bednar, Suzanne McMillan, Turquoise Sidibe, Melissa Bennett
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 21(3), 252
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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The Suicide Epidemic in Rural Minnesota: How We Got Here and How We Move Forward
Provides information on the yearly increase of suicides and deaths of despair in Minnesota, with data broken down by sex, region, and rurality. Discusses factors that impact suicide rates in rural areas, with a focus on rural and indigenous cultures, farming, stigma, firearm access, and more.
Author(s): Marnie Werner, Tracie Rutherford Self
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Center for Rural Behavioral Health, Center for Rural Policy and Development
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