Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Appalachia

The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2016-2020 American Community Survey Chartbook
State- and county-level information on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy, education, labor force, employment, income, health insurance coverage, disability, and veteran status, for the 13 Appalachian states. Features statistics with breakdowns by 5 levels of population density. Includes data explorer options for Appalachian categories such as population and age, education, income and poverty, computer and broadband access, rural Appalachia versus rural America, and employment and commuting.
Author(s): Kelvin Pollard, Linda A. Jacobsen
Date: 09/2022
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, Population Reference Bureau
view details
Consumer Finances in Rural Appalachia
Describes the financial needs and challenges of consumers in rural Appalachia. Features sections on consumer finance profiles, including a section on medical debt, and consumer distress and delinquencies. Appendix A includes state-level statistics for the 13 Appalachian states, including percent of rural people with medical debt in the state.
Author(s): Matthew Liu, Cooper Luce, Michael Orevba, Shawn Sebastian, Cortnie Shupe
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
view details
Lifetime History of TBI with Loss of Consciousness and Disability among Appalachian and Rural Residents: 2016–2019 Ohio BRFSS
Examines the association between lifetime history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and disability. Utilizes data from the 2016–2019 Ohio Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to analyze 16,941 respondents and how TBI and disability are associated with demographic information such as gender, age, race, rural status, and/or Appalachian location.
Author(s): Robyn Feiss, John D. Corrigan, Kele Ding, et al.
Citation: Injury Epidemiology, 9, 25
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
view details
Bottled and Well Water Quality in a Small Central Appalachian Community: Household-Level Analysis of Enteric Pathogens, Inorganic Chemicals, and Health Outcomes in Rural Southwest Virginia
Results of a study to characterize and assess household-level water sources, water quality, and associated health outcomes in Central Appalachia. Uses data from surveys and water samples from 9 households in a small rural community without utility-supplied water in southwest Virginia.
Author(s): Leigh-Anne Krometis, Marc Edwards, Teresa Brown, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(14), 8610
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
view details
BuchananCares Program: A Team-based Care Pilot Led by a Rural Community Hospital and Local Pharmacist
Describes BuchananCares, a collaboration among health professionals from the Appalachian College of Pharmacy, Buchanan General Hospital in rural Virginia, and the Virginia Department of Health. Designed to reduce patient readmissions and improve medication use for patients with COPD, diabetes, heart failure, and pneumonia.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Community Preventive Services Task Force
view details
The Appalachia Mind Health Initiative (AMHI): A Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trial of Adjunctive Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Treating Major Depressive Disorder among Primary Care Patients
Describes a planned study to evaluate a trial program to address major depressive disorder (MDD) among 3,360 enrolled patients across West Virginia through internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Discusses the need for MDD care in rural states and offers an overview of the study's design and methodology.
Author(s): Robert M. Bossarte, Ronald C. Kessler, Andrew A. Nierenberg, et al.
Citation: Trials, 23, 520
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
view details
A Rural Community's Perspective on the Causes of and Solutions to the Opioid Crisis in Southern Virginia: A Qualitative Study
Results of a study to gain insight into the perceptions, knowledge, and experiences of members of a southern Virginia rural community affected by the opioid crisis, to inform the development of local strategies to address the problem. Examines barriers and facilitators to treatment programs and offers recommendations for targeting populations at risk.
Author(s): Angelina J. Hargrove, Carlin Rafie, Emily Zimmerman, Dawn E. Moser
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 22(2), 7152
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
view details
Telemedicine Versus In-person Primary Care: Impact on Visit Completion Rate in a Rural Appalachian Population
Explores telemedicine use in a primary care clinic in rural West Virginia and its impact on patient access and visit completion rates. Examines visit completion rates of 110,999 patients from January 2019 to November 2020, with patient data broken down by sex, age, marital status, and distance in miles from facility.
Author(s): Treah Haggerty, Heather M. Stephens, Shaylee A. Peckens, et al.
Citation: The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 35(3), 475-484
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
view details
Health Policy Fact Sheet: Racial and Geographic Disparities In Maternal Morbidity and Mortality
Provides an overview of the racial and geographic healthcare disparities in Ohio related to maternal morbidity and mortality. Discusses the need for access to prenatal care, eliminating toxic stress, and utilizing evidence-based strategies to reduce maternal healthcare disparities. Includes discussions specific to rural communities as well as maternal morbidity data broken down by urban, Appalachian, suburban, and rural.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Policy Institute of Ohio
view details
Designing a Framework for Remote Cancer Care Through Community Co-Design: Participatory Development Study
Explores the design and implementation of a framework to provide telemedicine cancer care in urban and rural areas of Kentucky. Addresses issues of health disparities and lack of broadband access in geographic areas such as Appalachia. Provides examples of participatory and co-design processes to create telemedicine options and engage communities.
Author(s): Eliah Aronoff-Spencer, Melanie McComsey, Ming-Yuan Chih, et al.
Citation: Journal of Medical Internet Research, 24(4)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
view details