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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Appalachia

Assessment of Child Health and Health Care in Ohio
Provides an overview of child health, well-being and healthcare in Ohio. Covers child health challenges and strengths, as well as demographic characteristics. Includes maps showing county-level data for the population ages 0-17 and 18-25 in 2017. Describes child health priorities for Appalachian and rural non-Appalachian areas of Ohio.
Additional links: Executive Summary, Snapshot
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Policy Institute of Ohio
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National Food Affordability: A County-Level Analysis
Explores sociodemographic factors contributing to food affordability, with emphasis on differences between rural and urban areas. Features statistics on select food-related characteristics of U.S. counties, with breakdowns by rural or urban location and by Appalachian or Delta counties and other counties.
Author(s): Anne Cafer, Georgianna Mann, Sujith Ramachandran, Michelle Kaiser
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 15
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
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Engaging People Who Are Hard to Reach
Discusses the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute's (PCORI) efforts in engaging rural communities in healthcare research. Presents methods for reaching migrant and seasonal farmworker populations, as well as other predominately rural groups.
Author(s): Clover Ulrich, Yasmeen Long, Ivey Wohlfeld, Lia Hotchkiss
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
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Assessing Effectiveness and Cost-Benefit of the Trinity Hospital Twin City Fit for Life Program for Weight Loss and Diabetes Prevention in a Rural Midwestern Town
Reports on Fit For Life (FFL), a health education program that works to address the causes of obesity in rural settings and helps program participants lose weight. Highlights discussion on assessing effectiveness, replication, and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in a rural Appalachian Ohio county. Covers lessons learned and practice implications.
Author(s): Timothy McKnight, Jennifer R. Demuth, Natalie Wilson, Jonathon P. Leider, Alana Knudson
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 15
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
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Identifying Bright Spots in Appalachian Health: Statistical Analysis
Describes analysis used in assessing how Appalachia's 420 counties scored in 19 health indicators, and identifies counties with health outcomes that were better than expected. Features statistics and county-level maps showing economic status. Second in a series of reports exploring health issues in Appalachia.
Author(s): G. Mark Holmes, Nancy M. Lane, William Holding, et al.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, PDA, Inc., The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research
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Exploring Bright Spots in Appalachian Health: Case Studies
In-depth studies of 10 Appalachian counties with health outcomes that are better than expected, given their characteristics and resources. Identifies actions these areas are taking to improve health and well-being. Features statistics including demographics and health-related data, and maps showing economic status of Appalachian counties. Third in a series of reports exploring health issues in Appalachia.
Author(s): Nancy M. Lane, G. Mark Holmes, Thomas A. Arcury, et al.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, Burness, PDA, Inc., The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research
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Validation of a Dietary Screening Tool in a Middle-aged Appalachian Population
Examines the use of a dietary screening tool (DST) in assessing the nutritional risk, through surveys, anthropometry, and dietary recalls, in rural older adults living in Appalachia. Includes statistics characteristics and medical history by risk category.
Author(s): Melissa Ventura Marra, Sowmyanarayanan V. Thuppal, Elizabeth J. Johnson, Regan L. Bailey
Citation: Nutrients, 10(3), 345
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
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The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2012-2016 American Community Survey
Provides state and county-level information on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy, education, labor force, employment, income, health insurance coverage, disability, and veteran status, for the 13 Appalachian states. Includes breakdowns by five levels of urban or rural county types.
Author(s): Kelvin Pollard, Linda A. Jacobsen
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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COPD & Rural Health: A Dialogue on the National Action Plan
Video of rural health experts discussing the challenges, opportunities, and resources related to the COPD National Action Plan's 5 goals. Presentations feature data including county-level maps on prevalence of COPD and death rates.
Additional links: Agenda, Presentations
Date: 03/2018
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organizations: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health
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Rural Child Welfare Practice
Issue brief emphasizing the importance of understanding needs and concerns of rural children and families, including healthcare and social services. Examines factors linked to child maltreatment, such as poverty, violence, and substance use, and features descriptions of successful programs designed to promote child welfare in rural areas of Montana, South Dakota, Kansas, and Colorado, and Appalachian Ohio and Kentucky.
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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