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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Appalachia

Flood Risk is Higher in Rural and Disadvantaged Communities
Examines how flood risk varies based on rural or urban location and socioeconomic or demographic composition, using data from the 48 lower U.S. states. Features statistics on average percentage of properties at risk of flooding, with breakdowns by urban, large rural, small rural, and isolated areas. Offers recommendations for preparing evacuation and resource distribution materials and creating partnerships with local service agencies, especially in areas with large populations of older adults.
Author(s): Danielle Rhubart, Yue Sun
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion, Penn State Population Research Institute
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COVID-19 in Appalachia
Offers information, data, and resources for addressing COVID-19 in the Appalachian region. Includes county level COVID-19 confirmed case counts with economic status and its impact on key socioeconomic indicators. Provides additional information for Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) grantees.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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COVID-19 Cases in Appalachia Map
Map depicts the cases of COVID-19 in Appalachia, as well as the rest of the country for comparison. Highlights confirmed cases and deaths by county.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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County Economic Status in Appalachia, FY 2022
Map showing levels of economic distress in Appalachian counties based on unemployment rates, income, and poverty levels. Includes interactive map, downloadable maps and data files, and data report.
Date: 06/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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Deserted: Access to Healthy, Fresh and Affordable Foods is Elusive for Millions who Live in Rural America
Explores food insecurity in rural Appalachia and the Mississippi Delta. Describes the prevalence of food deserts in these areas and the changes in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program due to COVID-19.
Author(s): Jill Riepenhoff, Daniela Molina, Jamie Grey, Lee Zurik
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Investigate TV
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The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2015-2019 American Community Survey Chartbook
State- and county-level information on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy, education, labor force, employment, income, health insurance coverage, disability, and veteran status, for the 13 Appalachian states. Features statistics with breakdowns by 5 levels of population density.
Additional links: All Report Data, All Report Maps, All Report Tables
Author(s): Kelvin Pollard, Linda A. Jacobsen
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Population Reference Bureau
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Declines in Infant Mortality in Appalachia and the Delta: 1995-1996 Through 2017-2018
Compares infant mortality nationwide to rates in the Delta and Appalachia, examining maternal demographic changes including age, race, and ethnicity. Draws data from the National Vital Statistics System.
Citation: National Vital Statistics Reports, 70(6), 1-13
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Characterization of Mental Illness Among US Coal Miners
Describe the prevalence of and risk factors for mental illness among 2,808 active and former coal miners from central Appalachia who received clinical care at Stone Mountain Health Services Black Lung Clinic between 2018-2020. Features statistics with breakdowns by degree of depression, pulmonary risk factors, and length of time spent working as a miner.
Author(s): Drew Harris, Timothy McMurry, Amanda Caughron, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(5)
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
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Tri-Area Community Health Provides Community-Focused Integrated Care
Features a rural Virginia Federally Qualified Health Center that provides integrated primary care and behavioral health services. Discusses how services have been adapted to meet the needs of a growing Hispanic population, and describes a behavioral health training program offered in partnership with Radford University.
Author(s): Kathryn Rutz
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Understanding Declining Rates of Drug Overdose Mortality in Eastern Kentucky
Identifies potential policies and strategies that might have contributed to the decline in drug overdose mortality in the 5-year periods from 2008-2012 to 2013-2017 in 8 counties in eastern Kentucky. Offers recommendations for approaches that could be implemented in other communities. Includes statistics on overdose mortality in 8 eastern Kentucky counties; a county-level map showing changes in rates of overdose mortality in Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Ohio; and a graph showing rates of overdose mortality in the Appalachian counties of Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia from 1999-2019.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis, University of Kentucky Center of Excellence in Rural Health
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