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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Racial and ethnic groups

Adolescent Reproductive Health Outcomes Among Mexican-Origin Women on Both Sides of the U.S.-Mexico Border
Highlights a study on the age, sexual history, and contraceptive use of adolescent mothers of Mexican origin in the U.S.-Mexico border region. Explores factors contributing to adolescent pregnancy in the Latina population. Compares foreign-born Latinas of Mexican origin, U.S.-born Latinas of Mexican origin, U.S.-born non-Latina Whites, and Mexican women residing in Mexico. Breaks down data by age, household size, and rural versus urban/suburban location.
Author(s): Blair G. Darney, Emily Boniface, Laura E. Jacobson, et al.
Citation: Journal of Adolescent Health, 71(6), 679-687
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
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Meeting Substance Use and Social Service Needs in Communities of Color
Explores experiences and practices of substance use treatment providers and their human services partners when serving people of color. Discusses practices that promote active and positive participation in their programs as well as constraints. Includes information from programs that serve American Indian and Alaska Native people.
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Practicing Tribal Sovereignty Through a Tribal Health Policy: Implementation of the Healthy Diné Nation Act on the Navajo Nation
Examines the Healthy Diné Nation Act (HDNA) which was passed by the Navajo Nation in 2014 to support health and wellness in tribal communities. Analyzes the process, implementation, and evaluation of the HDNA to understand its impact on public health policy. Includes historical information about the Navajo nation as well as diabetes data and HDNA funding amounts for specific Navajo chapters.
Author(s): Regina Eddie, Caleigh Curley, Del Yazzie, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
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Health and Health Care for Indigenous People
Fact sheet comparing data on healthcare and population health for American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN), Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI), and White populations based on 2021 American Community Survey, Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System Data, and other national data sources.
Author(s): Drishti Pillai, Samantha Artiga
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Rural-Urban Disparities in Health Care in Medicare
Examines rural/urban differences in the quality of healthcare received by Medicare beneficiaries in 2021, with breakdowns by race and ethnicity. Focuses on patient experience and clinical care measures, including screening for and management of health conditions and medication-related issues.
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) Children Are Overrepresented in Foster Care in States With the Largest Proportions of AIAN Children
Analyzes the disproportionate population of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children in the foster care system with percentage comparisons for 10 states. Discusses culturally relevant practices and policies to address AI/AN historical trauma that has exacerbated high rates of foster care usage.
Author(s): Deana Around Him
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Child Trends
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Racial Disparities in Maternal and Infant Health: Current Status and Efforts to Address Them
Issue brief examining racial disparities in access to maternal and infant healthcare, noting disparities rural communities. Presents data from various sources on birth risks and outcomes, infant mortality, teen pregnancy, and other maternal health topics by race/ethnicity, including American Indian and Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander populations
Author(s): Latoya Hill, Samantha Artiga, Usha Ranji
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Incidence of Selected Cancers in Non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Populations, 1999–2019 (Purchased/Referred Care Delivery Areas)
Examines the distribution of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancers in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations living in Purchased/Referred Care Delivery Area (PRCDA) counties. Analyzes several cancer types in AI/AN populations with data broken down by sex, geographic region, year of diagnosis between 1999 and 2019, and change rates in AYA cancers across time.
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Assessing Effectiveness of Early Childhood Home Visiting Models Implemented with Tribal Populations
Report assesses the efficacy of early childhood home visiting models for tribal populations. Reviews and assesses home visiting literature, information, and implementation procedures to establish best-practices for American Indian and Alaska Native populations.
Author(s): Rachel Bleiweiss-Sande, Emily Sama-Miller, Carla Chavez, Rebecca Coughlin, Andrea Mraz Esposito
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Tips for Disaster Responders: Understanding Historical Trauma and Resilience When Responding to an Event in Indian Country
Describes historical trauma and its impact on Native American populations, and offers guidance for behavioral health responders when engaged in disaster preparedness and response efforts for tribal communities.
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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