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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: The South

Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities Affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives
Policy brief describing trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack from 2011-2015, and assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions from 2006-2016. Explores whether disease-related mortality and prevalence of disease varied across region, rurality, and time period. Features statistics including mortality from congestive heart failure, stroke and cerebrovascular disease, and ischemic heart disease in 2016, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Samuel D. Towne, Jr., Timothy H. Callaghan, Alva O. Ferdinand, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey
Results of a convenience sample of 5,617 respondents detailing their experiences of LGBTQ health and healthcare in the South. Features demographics and self-reported statistics on physical and mental health ratings, healthcare quality, abuse and violence, insurance, dental care, HIV diagnoses, and disparities in reported health ratings by urban or rural location.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Chase Harless, Megan Nanney, Austin H. Johnson, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Southern LGBTQ Health Initiative, Western North Carolina Community Health Services
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Rural Hospitals: Here Today, Gone Tomorrow
Describes the conditions facing rural hospitals and their communities contributing to the high rate of rural hospital closure. Discusses state and federal legislation, policies, and programs developed to support rural hospitals. Provides data for 15 Southern states including their state and rural populations, percentage of population uninsured, Medicaid expansion status, percentage at high financial risk, and number of rural hospital closures.
Author(s): Nick Bowman
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southern Legislative Conference of The Council of State Governments
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HIV in the Southern United States
Issues brief discussing the HIV epidemic in the South. Highlights the increased number of new HIV diagnoses in suburban and rural areas of the South compared to other regions in the U.S. Covers factors contributing to the HIV epidemic in the South and includes information on how to address these issues in rural communities.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV/AIDS in the U.S. Deep South: Trends from 2008-2016
Updates an earlier report on HIV disparities in the South. Addresses HIV/AIDS diagnosis rates, mortality, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use, federal funding, demographics, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Briefly discusses rural HIV rates and funding.
Author(s): Susan S. Reif, C. Micha Belden, Elena Wilson, Carolyn McAllaster
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southern HIV/AIDS Strategy Initiative
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The State of Latino Housing, Transportation, and Green Space: A Research Review
Highlights programs and policies that may improve neighborhood health equity in U.S. Latino communities. Discusses Latino migration to rural areas in the South and Midwest and the need for affordable housing and green space policies to promote health and wellbeing.
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Salud America
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Characteristics of Communities Served by Rural Hospitals Predicted to be at High Risk of Financial Distress in 2019
Uses updated results from the Financial Distress Index to compare communities that are home to rural hospitals at high financial risk with areas having rural hospitals not at high risk. Features statistics including demographics, socioeconomics, and health status, with breakdowns by location in the South, the Midwest, the Northeast, and the West.
Author(s): Sharita R. Thomas, George H. Pink, Kristin Reiter
Date: 04/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Poverty Rates in Rural and Urban Areas Vary Across U.S. Regions
Bar chart showing rural and urban poverty rates by region for the Northeast, Midwest, South, and West, based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.
Date: 04/2019
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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The Health Equity Implementation Framework: Proposal and Preliminary Study of Hepatitis C Virus Treatment
Describes an implementation framework used to evaluate barriers to hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment for elderly, rural, Black, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) patients in the South. Identifies barriers and facilitators for HCV treatment. Discusses how the Health Equity Implementation Framework can be used to help research and address health disparities.
Author(s): Eva N. Woodward, Monica M. Matthieu, Uchenna S. Uchendu, Shari Rogal, JoAnn E. Kirchner
Citation: Implementation Science, 14(1), 26
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
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New SASI Analysis: In the Deep South, Significant Percentages of People Most Impacted by HIV Live Outside Large Urban Areas Demonstrating a Need for Increased Federal Resources
Examines HIV data in the Deep South to help identify targets for federal funding, focusing on underserved groups in rural areas and small cities. Analyzes black, Latino, drug injection users, men who have sex with men, women, and people aged 13-24 living with HIV. Identifies 6 states where a higher proportion of these groups live outside large, urban areas. See additional links for state specific reports.
Additional links: Alabama Report, Georgia Report, Louisiana Report, Mississippi Report, North Carolina Report, South Carolina Report
Author(s): Carolyn McAllaster, Gabrielle Goodrow
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Duke University, Southern HIV/AIDS Strategy Initiative
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