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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: The South

The Role of Public Health in COVID-19 Emergency Response Efforts From a Rural Health Perspective
Examines the difficulties rural communities face in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, especially in the southeastern region of the U.S. Discusses the COVID-19 Community Vulnerability Index, a tool that analyzes epidemiological factors, socioeconomic status, and other indicators to determine which communities are at an increased risk of COVID-19.
Author(s): Sandra Melvin, Corey Wiggins, Nakeitra Burse, Erica Thompson, Mauda Monger
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
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Prevalence of Self-Reported Hypertension and Antihypertensive Medication Use by County and Rural-Urban Classification — United States, 2017
Examines self-reported prevalence of diagnosed hypertension and antihypertensive medication use. Includes data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore (rural) areas. Also discusses geographic trends at the county level, with maps showing county-level hypertension prevalence and medication use. Highlights higher prevalence of hypertension in the Southeast, Appalachia, and the Great Plains.
Author(s): Claudine M. Samanic, Kamil E. Barbour, Yong Liu, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(18), 533-539
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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The COVID-19 Pandemic Illuminates Persistent and Emerging Disparities among Rural Black Populations
Highlights the health disparities faced by rural African American populations in the southern U.S. during the COVID-19 pandemic. Explores how the convergence of state-level policies and sociodemographic factors are affecting health outcomes of rural black populations during the pandemic.
Author(s): Whitney E. Zahnd
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
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Highest U.S. Poverty Rates Are in the South, with over 20 Percent Poor in Its Rural Areas
Bar chart showing rural and urban poverty rates by region for the Northeast, Midwest, South, and West, based on data from the 2014-2018 American Community Survey.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities Affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives
Policy brief describing trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack from 2011-2015, and assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions from 2006-2016. Explores whether disease-related mortality and prevalence of disease varied across region, rurality, and time period. Features statistics including mortality from congestive heart failure, stroke and cerebrovascular disease, and ischemic heart disease in 2016, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Samuel D. Towne, Jr., Timothy H. Callaghan, Alva O. Ferdinand, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey
Results of a convenience sample of 5,617 respondents detailing their experiences of LGBTQ health and healthcare in the South. Features demographics and self-reported statistics on physical and mental health ratings, healthcare quality, abuse and violence, insurance, dental care, HIV diagnoses, and disparities in reported health ratings by urban or rural location.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Chase Harless, Megan Nanney, Austin H. Johnson, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Southern LGBTQ Health Initiative, Western North Carolina Community Health Services
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Rural Hospitals: Here Today, Gone Tomorrow
Describes the conditions facing rural hospitals and their communities contributing to the high rate of rural hospital closure. Discusses state and federal legislation, policies, and programs developed to support rural hospitals. Provides data for 15 Southern states including their state and rural populations, percentage of population uninsured, Medicaid expansion status, percentage at high financial risk, and number of rural hospital closures.
Author(s): Nick Bowman
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southern Legislative Conference of The Council of State Governments
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HIV in the Southern United States
Issues brief discussing the HIV epidemic in the South. Highlights the increased number of new HIV diagnoses in suburban and rural areas of the South compared to other regions in the U.S. Covers factors contributing to the HIV epidemic in the South and includes information on how to address these issues in rural communities.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV/AIDS in the U.S. Deep South: Trends from 2008-2016
Updates an earlier report on HIV disparities in the South. Addresses HIV/AIDS diagnosis rates, mortality, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use, federal funding, demographics, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Briefly discusses rural HIV rates and funding.
Author(s): Susan S. Reif, C. Micha Belden, Elena Wilson, Carolyn McAllaster
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southern HIV/AIDS Strategy Initiative
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The State of Latino Housing, Transportation, and Green Space: A Research Review
Highlights programs and policies that may improve neighborhood health equity in U.S. Latino communities. Discusses Latino migration to rural areas in the South and Midwest and the need for affordable housing and green space policies to promote health and wellbeing.
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Salud America
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