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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Needs assessment methods and resources

Needs Assessment Methodologies in Determining Treatment Capacity for Substance Use Disorders: Final Report
Presents the results from an environmental scan reviewing the literature on needs assessment methods and substance use disorder (SUD) needs assessment reports representing diverse interests, including rural and urban areas, researchers, government agencies, and private consultants. Highlights best practices for conducting SUD needs assessments, identifies gaps and opportunities for improvement in the available data, and discusses why SUD needs assessments are necessary.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Office of Disability, Aging and Long-Term Care Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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A Guide for Rural Health Care Collaboration and Coordination
Describes how rural hospitals, community health centers, local public health departments, and other organizations can work together to identify health needs in their community and develop partnerships and strategies to help address these needs. Identifies areas of collaboration and coordination. Includes networking and collaboration case studies in rural Missouri and North Dakota. Provides a template and discussion questions for developing partnerships.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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Planning, Conducting and Leveraging Primary Care Office Needs Assessments
Issue brief highlighting components unique to primary care offices (PCOs) and offering resources on promising practices. Intended to build knowledge regarding PCO needs assessment.
Citation: NOSORH Issue Brief, 1(3)
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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Measuring Access to Care in National Surveys: Implications for Rural Health
Policy position brief reviewing access measures used in major national surveys and discussing implications for rural research on access to care. Features tables showing surveys, populations studied, and geographic measures; example survey questions for each access domain; and access to care measures in nationally-representative surveys.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Ashley M. Hernandez, Hannah Neprash, Megan Lahr
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Best Practice Guide for Engagement with SORH and CDC-funded State Programs
Highlights examples from North Dakota, New Hampshire, and Louisiana of successful engagement between the State Office of Rural Health (SORH) and state initiatives funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Identifies top opportunities for collaboration.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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How Counties Can Use Evidence-Based Policymaking to Achieve Better Outcomes
Examines county-level efforts to promote evidence-based policymaking and looks at ways in which counties engage in this work. Also identifies ways that counties support and sustain their success. Includes examples of several behavioral health initiatives.
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: MacArthur Foundation, National Association of Counties, Pew Charitable Trusts
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Critical Access Hospitals' Community Health Needs Assessments and Implementation Plans: How Do They Align?
Examines how Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) are using community health needs assessments to improve population health. Highlights common community health issues identified by the needs assessments, types of strategies CAHs used to address them, and ways to improve on their efforts to meet community needs. Discusses what state Flex programs can do to support CAHs in their work and includes a list of resources to help CAHs.
Author(s): John A. Gale, Zachariah Croll, Lauren Zoll, Andrew F. Coburn
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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Community Health Needs Assessments: Resources for Community Paramedicine & Mobile Integrated Healthcare
Provides information for emergency medical service (EMS) agencies exploring community paramedicine and mobile integrated healthcare (CP-MIH). Includes resources to match CP-MIH services with targeted community health needs and covers rural CP-MIH program examples.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Using Hospital Community Benefits to Improve Access to Oral Health Care
Explains how nonprofit hospitals can use targeted oral health programs to fulfill their community benefit obligations, while also improving oral health in the communities they serve. Provides guidance on how to effectively advocate for such programs, and shares tips for assessing community needs.
Author(s): Cheryl Fish-Parcham
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Families USA
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Interviews from the Field: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
Interview discusses the Swinomish Community Health Assessment and Code Development project. Presents the project's objectives and the goals of the Swinomish Community Health Department.
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Native Americans
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