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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Needs assessment methods and resources

Using Hospital Community Benefits to Improve Access to Oral Health Care
Explains how nonprofit hospitals can use targeted oral health programs to fulfill their community benefit obligations, while also improving oral health in the communities they serve. Provides guidance on how to effectively advocate for such programs, and shares tips for assessing community needs.
Author(s): Cheryl Fish-Parcham
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Families USA
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Interviews from the Field: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
Interview discusses the Swinomish Community Health Assessment and Code Development project. Presents the project's objectives and the goals of the Swinomish Community Health Department.
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Native Americans
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Research Findings Brief: An Assessment of the Community Health Needs Assessments and Implementation Plans for Nonprofit Small Rural Hospitals in Nebraska
Analyzes the quality and completeness of the Community Health Needs Assessments (CHNA) and Implementation Plans (IP) of small nonprofit rural hospitals in Nebraska. Ranks the highest priorities from the CHNAs for rural hospitals across the state.
Author(s): David Palm, Li‐Wu Chen, Jamie Larson
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Nebraska Office of Rural Health
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Community-Based Health Needs Assessment Activities: Opportunities for Collaboration Between Public Health Departments and Rural Hospitals
Describes how and why rural areas have conducted health needs assessments, and explores opportunities and barriers to collaborative projects attempted by local public health departments and rural hospitals. Also provides recommendations for State Offices of Rural Health and state health officials, as they encourage local-level public health departments and rural hospitals to complete joint assessments.
Date: 05/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
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Primary Care Office Manual
Gives the history of Primary Care Office (PCO) funding, and is intended to help PCO staff with program expectations, including needs assessment, reporting requirements, and an understanding of the federal organizational structure overseeing operations. Includes information to support collaboration between PCOs and State Offices of Rural Health, and resources for shortage designations, recruitment and retention, the J-1 Visa Waiver program, health center development, and grant and cooperative agreement management.
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
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Improving Community Health through Hospital Community Benefit Spending: Charting a Path to Reform
Provides background on the origin and importance of nonprofit hospital community benefit spending, and explains the difference between community building and community benefit activities. Also examines policy options that the IRS could use to enhance community benefit spending focused on improving health community-wide. Includes rural-specific statistics, and multiple comparisons of items identified in community health needs assessments (CHNAs).
Author(s): Sara Rosenbaum, Maureen Byrnes, Sara Rothenberg, Rachel Gunsalus
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: George Washington University Department of Health Policy and Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health
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State Office of Rural Health Roadmap for Working with Vulnerable Hospitals
Toolkit designed to assist State Offices of Rural Health (SORHs) when working with vulnerable hospitals and communities. Outlines the types of technical assistance (TA) that SORHs may provide, and includes resources to help SORHs facilitate that assistance. Includes a self-assessment to help SORHs determine their capacity and select the appropriate levels of TA.
Date: 10/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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Conducting Community Health Needs Assessments: A Ten-Step Process
Outlines a 10-step process for conducting community health needs assessments centered around a broad-based Community Group. Based on a model developed by the National Center for Rural Health Works.
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of North Dakota Center for Rural Health
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Early Care, Early Education, and Home Visiting in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities: Design Options for Assessing Early Childhood Needs
Highlights a report presenting a framework for future studies of the unmet needs in early childhood care, education, and home visiting in American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Identifies study designs using existing data on the national level and designs requiring new data collection at the community level.
Author(s): Lizabeth Malone, Emily Knas, Michael Cavanaugh, Jerry West
Date: 04/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Mathematica Policy Research
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Leveraging University-Community Partnerships in Rural Georgia: A Community Health Needs Assessment Template for Hospitals
Reports on a University of Georgia project where students and faculty conducted a community health needs assessment (CHNA) for a rural hospital. Provides detailed step-by-step description of the process used.
Author(s): Ayanna Robinson, Sabrina T. Cherry, Michelle Elliott, Marsha Davis, Grace Bagwell Adams
Location: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association, 5(4), 365-372
Date: 2016
Type: Document
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