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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Needs assessment methods and resources

How Counties Can Use Evidence-Based Policymaking to Achieve Better Outcomes
Examines county-level efforts to promote evidence-based policymaking and looks at ways in which counties engage in this work. Also identifies ways that counties support and sustain their success. Includes examples of several behavioral health initiatives.
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: MacArthur Foundation, National Association of Counties, Pew Charitable Trusts
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Critical Access Hospitals' Community Health Needs Assessments and Implementation Plans: How Do They Align?
Examines how Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) are using community health needs assessments to improve population health. Highlights common community health issues identified by the needs assessments, types of strategies CAHs used to address them, and ways to improve on their efforts to meet community needs. Discusses what state Flex programs can do to support CAHs in their work and includes a list of resources to help CAHs.
Author(s): John A. Gale, Zachariah Croll, Lauren Zoll, Andrew F. Coburn
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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Community Health Needs Assessments: Resources for Community Paramedicine & Mobile Integrated Healthcare
Provides information for emergency medical service (EMS) agencies exploring community paramedicine and mobile integrated healthcare (CP-MIH). Includes resources to match CP-MIH services with targeted community health needs and covers rural CP-MIH program examples.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Using Hospital Community Benefits to Improve Access to Oral Health Care
Explains how nonprofit hospitals can use targeted oral health programs to fulfill their community benefit obligations, while also improving oral health in the communities they serve. Provides guidance on how to effectively advocate for such programs, and shares tips for assessing community needs.
Author(s): Cheryl Fish-Parcham
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Families USA
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Interviews from the Field: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
Interview discusses the Swinomish Community Health Assessment and Code Development project. Presents the project's objectives and the goals of the Swinomish Community Health Department.
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Native Americans
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Community-Based Health Needs Assessment Activities: Opportunities for Collaboration Between Public Health Departments and Rural Hospitals
Describes how and why rural areas have conducted health needs assessments, and explores opportunities and barriers to collaborative projects attempted by local public health departments and rural hospitals. Also provides recommendations for State Offices of Rural Health and state health officials, as they encourage local-level public health departments and rural hospitals to complete joint assessments.
Date: 05/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
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Primary Care Office Manual
Gives the history of Primary Care Office (PCO) funding, and is intended to help PCO staff with program expectations, including needs assessment, reporting requirements, and an understanding of the federal organizational structure overseeing operations. Includes information to support collaboration between PCOs and State Offices of Rural Health, and resources for shortage designations, recruitment and retention, the J-1 Visa Waiver program, health center development, and grant and cooperative agreement management.
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
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Improving Community Health through Hospital Community Benefit Spending: Charting a Path to Reform
Provides background on the origin and importance of nonprofit hospital community benefit spending, and explains the difference between community building and community benefit activities. Examines policy options that the IRS could use to enhance community benefit spending focused on improving social determinants of health community-wide. Includes rural-specific statistics and multiple comparisons of items identified in community health needs assessments (CHNAs).
Author(s): Sara Rosenbaum, Maureen Byrnes, Sara Rothenberg, Rachel Gunsalus
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: George Washington University Department of Health Policy and Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health
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State Office of Rural Health Roadmap for Working with Vulnerable Hospitals
Toolkit designed to assist State Offices of Rural Health (SORHs) when working with vulnerable hospitals and communities. Outlines the types of technical assistance (TA) that SORHs may provide before and after hospital closures and includes resources to help SORHs facilitate that assistance. Provides a self-assessment to help SORHs determine their capacity and select the appropriate levels of TA, as well as sample Critical Access Hospital needs assessments and benchmarking reports.
Date: 10/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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Disaggregating American Indian & Alaska Native Data: A Review of Literature
Discusses methods of disaggregating national data related to American Indian and Alaska Natives to better understand the disparities in health outcomes in tribal communities. Details different types of disaggregation, such as by age, geography, gender, and cultural and environmental similarities, among others. Features an annotated bibliography in the appendix.
Author(s): Malia Villegas, Amber Ebarb, Sarah Pytalski, Yvette Roubideaux
Date: 07/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Congress of American Indians Policy Research Center
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