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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Nurse practitioners and other advanced practice registered nurses

California's Nurse Practitioners: How Scope of Practice Laws Impact Care
Describes regulations on scope of practice for nurse practitioners (NPs) in California and other states, and discusses research on the legislation's effect on healthcare. Examines importance of NPs providing primary care in rural and underserved areas. Features statistics including field of educational specialization for California NPs, demographics, and distribution of NPs per 100,000 population.
Author(s): Joanne Spetz
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Healthforce Center at UCSF
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Physician Alliance Well-Being Case Study: Avera Health
Highlights a healthcare system based in South Dakota that serves a primarily rural population. Focuses on their program LIGHT: Live, Improve, Grow, Heal and Treat, which seeks to prevent and address burnout for physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants.
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Nurse Practitioners: A Solution to America's Primary Care Crisis
Examines trends in supply and demand of nurse practitioners (NPs), including projected supply of physicians and NPs in rural areas. Includes a table listing state-level scope-of-practice regulatory restrictions on NPs as of 2018.
Author(s): Peter Buerhaus
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Enterprise Institute
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Addressing the Nation’s Primary Care Shortage: Advanced Practice Clinicians and Innovative Care Delivery Models
Highlights gaps in primary care access and ways to address primary care shortages through advanced practice clinicians and care delivery models. Provides some data on nurse practitioners, physician assistants, certified nurse midwives, and nurse practitioner scope of practice laws.
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: UnitedHealth Group
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California’s Nurse Practitioners: How Scope of Practice Laws Impact Care
Provides an overview of nurse practitioner (NP) scope of practice regulations in California and other states. Discusses how NPs increase access to care, particularly in rural areas, and reviews studies on the quality and cost-effectiveness of the care they provide. Appendix A includes data on California's NPs, such as their distribution, demographics, practice setting, and specialty.
Author(s): Joanne Spetz
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Healthforce Center at UCSF
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Maine’s Physician, Nurse Practitioner, and Physician Assistant Workforce in 2018
Presents a report on the workforce supply of physicians, nurse practitioner, and physician assistant workforce in Maine. Compares data to a 2014 report, as well as data from rural and urban counties.
Author(s): Susan M. Skillman, Benjamin A. Stubbs, Arati Dahal
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: UW Center for Health Workforce Studies
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Impact of Nurse Practitioner Practice Regulations on Rural Population Health Outcomes
Analyzes data from Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) in eight Southeastern states to determine if clinical outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries vary by level of practice autonomy that states grant to nurse practitioners (NPs).
Author(s): Judith Ortiz, Richard Hofler, Angeline Bushy, et al.
Citation: Healthcare, 6(2), 65
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
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Strategies for Expanding Primary Care Capacity in California
Addresses the need to improve the diversity, geographic distribution, and supply of primary care providers in California. Focuses on the education pipeline, recruitment and retention, nurse practitioners and physician assistants, and using data to inform workforce strategies.
Author(s): Janet Coffman, Kris Himmerick
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Healthforce Center at UCSF
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Rural and Nonrural Primary Care Physician Practices Increasingly Rely on Nurse Practitioners
Details a study comparing rural and urban reliance on nurse practitioners as providers of primary care. Discusses the role of Medicaid expansion and scope of practice in findings.
Author(s): Hilary Barnes, Michael R. Richards, Matthew D. McHugh, Grant Martsolf
Citation: Health Affairs, 37(6)
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
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The Rural General Surgeon’s Partner: Rural Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists
Describes the role that Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) play in rural surgery.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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