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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Physician assistants

Assessment of Changes in Rural and Urban Primary Care Workforce in the United States From 2009 to 2017
Results of a study comparing the primary care workforce and its growth between urban and rural counties or county-equivalents from 2009-2017. Features county-level maps showing the distribution of primary care physicians and non-physician clinicians, and statistics with breakdowns by provider type and rural or urban location.
Author(s): Donglan Zhang, Heejung Son, Ye Shen
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 3(10)
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
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Advance Care Planning: New Realities in Times of COVID-19
Examines the challenges of advance care planning, planning for decision-making in times of medical crisis, due to COVID-19. Shares insights from clinicians and others involved in helping rural patients.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Supply and Distribution of the Primary Care Workforce in Rural America: 2019
Details the supply of primary care providers in rural and urban areas in the U.S. Compares rates of physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants per 100,000 people by county across the country. Features a state-level analysis.
Additional links: State-level Analysis
Author(s): Eric H. Larson, C. Holly A. Andrilla, Lisa A. Garberson, et al.
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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National Health Service Corps Site Reference Guide
Provides clarification for National Health Service Corps (NHSC) sites regarding eligibility requirements, qualification factors, compliance, roles and responsibilities, and other factors for becoming an NHSC approved site. Acts as a supplemental resource to the information provided in the online NHSC Site Application.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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Health Care Professional Workforce Composition Before and After Rural Hospital Closure
Policy brief examining the change in numbers of local healthcare providers before and after rural hospital closures from 2010-2018, to examine associations with eliminating inpatient services in rural areas. Features statistics with breakdowns by advanced practice providers, primary care providers, and specialists.
Author(s): Erin Mobley, Fred Ullrich, Redwan Bin Abdul Baten, Mina Shrestha, Keith Mueller
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
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Virginia's Physician Assistant Workforce: 2019
An overview of the physician assistant (PA) workforce in Virginia based on data from the 2019 Physician Assistant Workforce Survey. Features statistics including the number of PAs in rural Virginia and how many grew up in rural areas.
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Virginia Department of Health Professions
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Burnout: Measurement Tool(s), Cause(s) and Impact(s)
Reports on what is known about burnout among rural healthcare providers, highlighting several research studies. Discusses the impact of burnout on turnover, productivity, healthcare quality, and safety.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Rural Rotation Program: Utah Medical Education Council, 2007-2020
Report provides data on clinical rural rotations for medical and dental residents, pharmacy students, physician assistants, advanced practice registered nurse students, and medical students, from 2007-2020.
Date: 2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Utah Medical Education Council
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Determinants of Rural-Urban Differences in Health Care Provider Visits Among Women of Reproductive Age in the United States
Uses nationally representative data to investigate whether rural and urban women of reproductive age experience differences in healthcare provider visits. Features rural/urban comparisons on individual- and county-level characteristics and medical provider visits by type of healthcare professional.
Author(s): Hyunjung Lee, Ashley H. Hirai, Ching-Ching Claire Lin, John E. Snyder
Citation: PLos One, 15(12), e0240700
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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Health Care Workforce: Views on Expanding Medicare Graduate Medical Education Funding to Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants
Describes the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Medicare Graduate Medical Education (GME) program. Provides an overview of current federal funding for physician, nurse practitioner (NP), and physician assistant (PA) training. Explores the potential benefits and challenges of expanding the Medicare GME program to include funding for graduate NP and PA training.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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