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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Poverty

COVID-19 Health Equity Interactive Dashboard
Interactive map containing county- and state-level data on COVID-19 cases and deaths in the U.S. Illustrates relationships between COVID-19 outcomes and various social determinants of health, such as population density, poverty, underlying health conditions, urban/rural status, and more.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Emory University
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COVID-19 Demographic and Economic Resources
Provides access to U.S. Census Bureau data useful in pandemic-related decision-making, as well as data from other federal agencies. Offers state and county impact planning reports that provide sociodemographic data, including data on at-risk populations, poverty, and health insurance coverage. Also provides data on businesses and employment.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Redefining Rural: Towards a Better Understanding of Geography, Demography, and Economy in America's Rural Places
Offers a hybrid definition of rurality based on metro and non-metro definitions from the Office of Management and Budget, Rural-Urban Continuum Codes, and considers outlying communities in metro and micropolitan counties as rural. Compares rural and non-rural poverty rates, economic well-being, population changes, and other characteristics to represent counties in economic distress.
Author(s): Kennedy O'Dell
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Economic Innovation Group
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The Meatpacking Industry in Rural America During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Compares nonmetro counties with over 20 percent of employment in the meatpacking industry to other nonmetro counties, with data on poverty and COVID-19 cases.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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The 10-20-30 Provision: Defining Persistent Poverty Counties
Defines persistent poverty counties. Discusses how differences in definitions and data used can affect which counties are considered persistently poor and includes a map highlighting the impact of different definitions. Briefly addresses legislation targeting persistent poverty counties using the "10-20-30 provision," including rural development funding.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Congressional Research Service
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Washington State's 1115 Family Planning Demonstration Evaluation - Findings from January 2012 to May 2018
Report highlights data pertaining to family planning waiver enrollment in Washington state from 2012 to 2018. Breaks down waivers issued for low income, high income, and pregnancy-related reasons and compares rural and urban populations.
Author(s): Tenaya Sunbury, Dorothy Lyons, Z. Joyce Fan, et al.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Washington State Department of Social and Health Services
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Social Determinants of Health: Challenges and Opportunities in Rural America
Recorded presentation by Jan Probst on social determinants of health in rural America. Offers definitions of social determinants of health and rurality, and discusses economic dynamics of rural areas, education, and the importance of cooperative efforts to make change, with examples of such efforts in South Carolina.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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How Might Internet Connectivity Affect Health Care Access?
Describes how a lack of internet access may negatively impact access to healthcare. Features data and statistics on internet access, with information broken down by race/ethnicity, age, poverty level, insurance status and type, and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan location. Discusses COVID-19 and how social distancing measures have led to increased implementation of telehealth, resulting in additional challenges accessing healthcare among people with little to no internet connectivity.
Author(s): Krutika Amin, Matthew Rae, Giorlando Ramirez, Cynthia Cox
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Changes in Poverty Rates and Poverty Areas Over Time: 2005 to 2019
Examines changes in county poverty rates, the prevalence of poverty areas, and changes in their distribution over three time periods: 2005-2009, 2010-2014, and 2015-2019.
Author(s): Alemayehu Bishaw, Craig Benson, Emily Shrider, Brian Glassman
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Percentage of People in Poverty by County: 2015-2019
Interactive map showing county-level poverty rates, based on the American Community Survey 5-year estimates. Hover over a county to get poverty data for 2010-2014 and 2015-2019. Select a state to get county-level poverty data by race and ethnicity.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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