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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Income

Income and Poverty in the United States: 2020
Reports on income levels and poverty rates for 2019 and 2020, along with the percent change from 2019 to 2020. Includes statistics for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Based on data from the 2021 and earlier Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
Author(s): Emily A. Shrider, Melissa Kollar, Frances Chen, Jessica Semega
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Rural Counties With High and Persistent Poverty in 2019 Were Mostly Located Across the South
County-level map showing distribution of 310 rural counties with high and persistent levels of poverty according to 2019 American Community Survey (ACS) data.
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Redefining Rural: What Rural Prosperity and the Geography of Newly Affluent Rural Communities Tells Us About Rural Development
Examines rural prosperity data and changes for counties that grew in, maintained, or slipped in prosperity from 2000 to 2018, using American Community Survey (ACS) and U.S. Census Bureau data. Offers tables breaking down prosperity according to rates of high school degree holders, poverty rate, employment, housing vacancy, and income, including comparisons between rural and non-rural counties. Presents a case study analysis on rural prosperity in Texas.
Author(s): Kennedy O'Dell
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Economic Innovation Group
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The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2015-2019 American Community Survey Chartbook
State- and county-level information on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy, education, labor force, employment, income, health insurance coverage, disability, and veteran status, for the 13 Appalachian states. Features statistics with breakdowns by 5 levels of population density.
Additional links: All Report Data, All Report Maps, All Report Tables
Author(s): Kelvin Pollard, Linda A. Jacobsen
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Population Reference Bureau
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Rural-Urban Earnings Gap by Educational Attainment, 2019
Chart showing the gap in median earnings between rural and urban adults age 25 and older with different levels of education. Uses data from the 2019 American Community Survey.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Rural America
Highlights a study on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on rural America. Explores outcomes in the areas of physical and mental health, household income, and overall well-being. Discusses shifts in employment and their impact on personal and local economies.
Author(s): J. Tom Mueller, Kathryn McConnell, Paul Berne Burow, et al.
Citation: PNAS, 118(1), 2019378118
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
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Health Disparities Report 2021
Report examining health disparity trends based on data from America's Health Rankings reports. Offers reports by state and discusses disparities related to social and economic factors, physical environment, clinical care, behaviors, and health outcomes. Most state reports offer data comparisons by metro and non-metro residence.
Additional links: Executive Brief, State Summaries
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: United Health Foundation
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Median Household Income: 2015-2019
Interactive map showing county-level median household income, based on the American Community Survey 5-year estimates. Hover over a county to get data for 2005-2009, 2010-2014, and 2015-2019. Select a state to get county-level income data by race and ethnicity.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates: 2019
Highlights from the 2019 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), which provides single-year median household income and poverty statistics. Includes county-level maps showing income and poverty rates in 2019 and changes from 2007 to 2019.
Author(s): Staci Bell, Sara Robinson
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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What Can You Learn About Counties from the American Community Survey?
Interactive mapping system that highlights and provides access to county-level data on key topics from the 2015-2019 American Community Survey 5-year estimates, including poverty rates, educational attainment, health insurance coverage, and more.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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