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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Prescription drug misuse

Opioid-Related Outcomes Among Individuals with Co-Occurring Behavioral Health Conditions
Provides an overview of a quality measurement framework to improve the prevention and monitoring of opioid-related overdoses and mortality among individuals with co-occurring behavioral health conditions. Identifies existing measures, measure concepts, and recommendations to serve as a starting point for quality measurement. Highlights three essential domains for measurement: equitable access, clinical interventions, and integrated and comprehensive care for concurrent behavioral health conditions.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Quality Forum
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Availability of Substance Use Disorder Treatment in Minoritized Racial/Ethnic Group Areas
Explores the availability of substance use disorder treatment facilities and providers nationwide across ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) categorized by rurality and racial and ethnic composition. Provides data on the straight-line distance to the nearest opioid treatment facility that offers methadone, nearest substance use disorder treatment facility that does not offer methadone, and closest buprenorphine provider by rurality in minoritized and non-minoritized ZCTA.
Author(s): Sophia N. D. Negaro, Gabriel A. Benavidez, Christina M. Andrews, et al.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Physician Response to COVID-19–Driven Telehealth Flexibility for Opioid Use Disorder
Presents survey responses of physicians who provide Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) treatment on telehealth flexibilities driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly their OUD telehealth policy preferences. Notes rural implications of access equity issues and policy changes.
Author(s): Tamara Beetham, David A. Fiellin, Susan H. Busch
Citation: The American Journal of Managed Care, 28(9)
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Coroner/Medical Examiner Services in Pennsylvania
Provides information about Pennsylvania coroner/medical examiners (C/MEs), including office caseloads, funding, facilities, forensic capacity, vehicles and equipment, and staffing and training resources. Assesses how the opioid epidemic and the COVID-19 pandemic affected county C/ME offices in urban and rural areas. Features statistics including deaths from COVID-19 and drug overdose from 2015-2021, with breakdowns by urban and rural counties.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Harry D. Holt, Ramona Stone, Christina VandePol
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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The University of Arizona Center for Rural Health Annual Report, FY 2022
Highlights the Center for Rural Health's accomplishments, and describes challenges and opportunities for improving the health of rural Arizonans in the upcoming year. Discusses the Arizona Rural Hospital Flexibility program (AzFLEX, the Arizona Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program (AzSHIP), and other programs.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Arizona Center for Rural Health
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Patient-Level and County-Level Trends in Nonfatal Opioid-Involved Overdose Emergency Medical Services Encounters — 491 Counties, United States, January 2018–March 2022
Reports on trends in rates of EMS encounters for nonfatal opioid-involved overdoses during January 2018–March 2022, based on data from 491 counties in 21 states. Includes trend data by quarter for rural and urban counties.
Author(s): Shannon M. Casillas, Cassandra M. Pickens, Erin K. Stokes, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(34), 1073-1080
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Association of Methamphetamine and Opioid Use With Nonfatal Overdose in Rural Communities
Study examining the incidence of nonfatal overdoses for people using methamphetamine and opioids alone and together, drawing data from National Rural Opioid Initiative surveys of people who use drugs in rural areas of 10 states. Presents findings related to prevalence of methamphetamine and opioid use, rates of use by race and ethnicity, and implications of the findings for harm reduction programs and treatment programs.
Author(s): P. Todd Korthuis, Ryan R. Cook, Canyon A. Foot, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(8), e2226544
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Geographic Trends in Opioid Overdoses in the US From 1999 to 2020
Results of a study examining trends in opioid-involved overdose death (OOD) rates in urban and rural counties. Explores OODs due to overprescription of opioids, use of heroin and illicit synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and stimulants in combination with synthetic opioids. Features statistics with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Lori Ann Post, Alexander Lundberg, Charles B. Moss, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(7)
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Fighting Fentanyl: The Federal Response to a Growing Crisis
Presents the U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) hearing on the government's response to the fentanyl crisis. Includes testimonies from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), and the Office of National Drug Control Policy regarding current efforts to address the expanding use of fentanyl across the U.S.
Additional links: Carole Johnson Testimony, Christopher Jones Testimony, Kemp Chester Testimony, Miriam E. Delphin-Rittmon Testimony
Date: 07/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor & Pensions
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Responding to a Surge in Overdose Deaths: Perspectives From US Syringe Services Programs
Highlights a study on the perspectives of syringe service program (SSP) leadership and staff regarding overdose deaths in the US. Bases conclusions on interviews done from February to March of 2021 and breaks down participant data by geographic region, distribution approach, and rurality, among others factors.
Author(s): Madeline C. Frost, Elizabeth J. Austin, Maria A. Corcorran, et al.
Citation: Harm Reduction Journal, 19, 79
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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