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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Prescription drug misuse

Treating the Rural Opioid Epidemic
Policy brief reviewing the barriers to implementing effective, high-quality treatment for mental health and substance abuse issues in rural areas. Includes policy recommendations for addressing these issues, focusing on access to medication assisted treatment (MAT) and funding for rural mental health infrastructure.
Author(s): Christine Hancock, Heidi Mennenga, Nikki King, et al.
Date: 02/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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Prescription Opioid Poisoning Across Urban and Rural Areas: Identifying Vulnerable Groups and Geographic Areas
Examines hospital discharge rates for prescription opioid poisoning for rural and urban areas using data from 2001-2011 in California. Identifies hot-spot locations for opioid poisoning and environmental features related to opioid poisoning using a zip code level of analysis. Discusses the implications for policymakers and public health officials.
Author(s): Magdalena Cerda, Andrew Gaidus, Katherine M. Keyes, et al.
Citation: Addiction, 112(1), 103-112
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
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Alaska Facts and Figures: Drug Overdose-Related Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations, 2015
Describes the number and rate of drug overdose-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations for Alaskan residents in 2015 by gender, race, age group, and public health region.
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Alaska Division of Public Health
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A Community Partnership to Respond to the Heroin and Opioid Abuse Epidemic
Discusses the community response to heroin and opioid abuse in rural Carlton County, Minnesota. Details the county's collaboration with the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa and St. Louis County to form the Carlton County Drug Abuse Task Force.
Author(s): Laura C. Palombi, Joe Vargo, Laura Bennett, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 33(1), 110-113
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
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Alaska Opioid Policy Task Force: Final Recommendations
Provides recommendations supporting comprehensive public health prevention strategies to prevent and reduce opioid use, misuse, and abuse in rural and urban Alaska.
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Alaska Department of Health
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Vermont Hub-and-Spoke Model of Care For Opioid Use Disorder: Development, Implementation, and Impact
Discusses the development, application, and effectiveness of a hub-and-spoke system of care developed by addiction medicine physicians and public health officials to expand opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment due the continuous shortage of office-based opioid treatment (OBOT) providers in the rural state of Vermont.
Author(s): John R. Brooklyn, Stacey C. Sigmon
Citation: Journal of Addiction Medicine, 11(4), 286-292
Date: 2017
Type: Document
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Stem the Tide: Addressing the Opioid Epidemic
Presents a report on various methods hospitals and health systems can use to address the opioid epidemic. Discusses non-opioid pain management, prescribing practices, and treatment for substance use disorders, among other topics. Highlights several rural programs in the Case Examples sections.
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Medication-Assisted Treatment Models of Care for Opioid Use Disorder in Primary Care Settings
Report details 12 promising medication-assisted treatment (MAT) models for treatment of opioid use disorder in a primary care setting. Discusses rural issues in several models.
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Opioid Overdose Experience, Risk Behaviors, and Knowledge in Drug Users from a Rural Versus an Urban Setting
Highlights a study on the overdose knowledge of opioid users from both rural and urban areas. Details participants' experience with overdosing and their responses to the Brief Opioid Overdose Knowledge (BOOK) questionnaire.
Author(s): Kelly E. Dunn, Frederick S. Barrett, Claudia Yepez-Laubach, et al.
Citation: Journal of Substance Abuse and Treatment, 71, 1-7
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
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Availability of Buprenorphine Treatment in Kentucky
Describes availability of opioid addiction treatment in Kentucky, with breakdowns by metropolitan, micropolitan, and other non-metropolitan areas, and distribution of various medical specialists authorized to prescribe buprenorphine in these areas.
Author(s): Elijah T. Myers, Tyrone F. Borders
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky Institute for Rural Health Policy
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