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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Suicide and suicide prevention

A Rural Therapist and School Program Address Teen Mental Health
Provides an overview of the behavioral health needs of rural teens. Features a rural West Virginia trauma therapist, as well as a rural Wisconsin school program that incorporates teenagers' strengths and interests and connects them with trusted adults in order to improve their mental health.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Mental Health in Rural New York: Findings and Implications of a Listening Tour with Residents and Professionals
Findings from the Rural Mental Health Listening Tour of New York State, conducted between March 2020 and September 2021 to elicit input and experiences of community members living and working in rural areas. Presents strengths and assets of rural communities, and highlights model programs and success stories. Includes recommendations in categories including access to transportation and broadband, access to mental health programs, availability of services, improving and sustaining workforce capacity, and offers state- and county-specific recommendations.
Author(s): Brett Harris, Katie Gallant, Abby Mariani
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
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Trends and Disparities in Firearm Fatalities in the United States, 1990-2021
Results of a study of 1,110,421 firearm fatalities from 1990-2021, using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Features statistics including age- and year-specific firearm homicide and suicide fatality rates with breakdowns by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and county-level maps showing geographic distribution of firearm fatalities.
Author(s): Chris A. Rees, Michael C. Monuteaux, Isabella Steidley, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(11)
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
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Suicide Prevention: Resource for Action
Presents a compilation of best practices for suicide prevention. Explores 7 different approaches to suicide prevention for communities to implement, such as strengthening economic supports, creating protective environments, and improving access and delivery of suicide care, among others. Includes discussion about how different strategies function in rural communities.
Additional links: Summary
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Suicide and Self-Harm in Youth Presenting to a US Rural Hospital During COVID-19
Presents a study on rural emergency department utilization and hospital admission for suicide or self-harm in children ages 5 to 17 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Analyzes hospital data from January, 2017 to May 2021. Breaks down data by demographic factors, such as race, gender, and rurality, as well as length of stay and visit type, among other measures.
Author(s): Mary Arakelyan, Jennifer A. Emond, JoAnna K. Leyenaar
Citation: Hospital Pediatrics, 12(10), e336–e342
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
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2022 National Veteran Suicide Prevention Annual Report
Report highlights the rate of suicide among veterans and the VA's role in suicide prevention. Discusses the causes of veteran suicide, the effect the COVID-19 pandemic has had on suicide rates, and the steps the VA is taking for suicide prevention. Breaks down rates of suicide by gender, contact with the VHA, and rurality, among other factors.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
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Rural Health Research Recap: Rural Mental Health
Summarizes recent research from Rural Health Research Centers on rural mental health, covering serious mental illness and treatment, major depression and treatment, suicidal thoughts, plans and attempts, and adverse and positive childhood experiences. Provides links to full publications.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Suicides Among American Indian or Alaska Native Persons — National Violent Death Reporting System, United States, 2015–2020
Examines differences in suicide characteristics and contributing circumstances among American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations and non-AI/AN populations. Includes data for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Deborah Stone, Eva Trinh, Hong Zhou, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(37), 1161-1168
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Suicide Rates, by Urbanization Level and Sex — National Vital Statistics System, 2020
Bar chart showing suicide rates by sex for metropolitan (4 levels), micropolitan, and noncore areas.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(36), 1159
Date: 09/2022
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Firearm Safety in Rural America
Policy brief describing the prevalence of firearm-related injuries and death in rural areas. Offers policy recommendations to mitigate the risk of rural firearm injury and death.
Author(s): Eneka Lamb, Ada Pariser, Andy Fosmire
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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