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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Suicide and suicide prevention

The Role of Race in Rural-Urban Suicide Disparities
Explores the role race-ethnicity plays in understanding the rural-urban disparity in rates of suicide among Veterans Health Administration (VHS) patients. Breaks down data by race, age, and rural versus urban location, among other measures.
Author(s): Talya Peltzman, Daniel J. Gottlieb, Maxwell Levis, Brian Shiner
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 1-9
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
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Suicide Trends and Prevention in Rural Pennsylvania Counties and Schools
Examines the overall trends in suicide in Pennsylvania from 1990 to 2018 and the suicide prevention programs currently used by counties and in K-12 school districts. Features statistics comparing suicide rates in United States and Pennsylvania, suicide rates in Pennsylvania and predictors of suicide with breakdowns by rural and urban counties, and county-level maps showing rates of suicide per 100,000 and change in suicide rates from 1999-2018.
Author(s): Daniel J. Mallinson, Eunsil Yoo, Brandon Cruz
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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An Evaluation of Firearm Injuries among Rural versus Urban Veterans: Data Validity and Early Findings
Webinar recording discussing rural and urban differences in rates of firearm injuries among veterans. Breaks down data pertaining to injuries, suicide, homicide, and unintentional fatalities related to firearms.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PDF Handout
Date: 06/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
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Characterization of Mental Illness Among US Coal Miners
Describe the prevalence of and risk factors for mental illness among 2,808 active and former coal miners from central Appalachia who received clinical care at Stone Mountain Health Services Black Lung Clinic between 2018-2020. Features statistics with breakdowns by degree of depression, pulmonary risk factors, and length of time spent working as a miner.
Author(s): Drew Harris, Timothy McMurry, Amanda Caughron, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(5)
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
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Pain in the Nation: Alcohol, Drug, and Suicide Epidemics - Special Feature: COVID-19 and Trauma
Explores the effect the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent trauma it has had on rates of suicide and alcohol- and drug-induced deaths across the nation. Breaks down data by a number of indicators, such as by age, race, and rural versus urban location.
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Trust for America's Health
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Case Study: Avera Behavioral Health
Profiles Avera Behavioral Health, which partners with primary care providers, families, and other healthcare providers via a telepsychiatry network to serve rural communities nationwide. Discusses the development of the Avera Behavioral Health network, goals of the program, innovative approaches, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the network. Highlights key lessons for successful community networks.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Reducing Rural Veteran Suicides: Navigating Geospatial and Community Contexts for Scaling up a National Veterans Affairs Program
Details the development of planning maps to facilitate the recruitment of rural veterans into a community-based suicide prevention program. Aims to identify the percentages of rural veterans enrolled in the Veterans Health Administration, of veterans in the total population, and of suicide mortality for each county mapped.
Author(s): Carlee J. Kreisel, Lauren K. Wilson, Alexandra L. Schneider, et al.
Citation: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 51(2), 344-351
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
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Rural Suicide Prevention: Reviewing the Evidence and Gaps
Cyberseminar discusses current state of suicide prevention for rural veterans. Highlights data, risk and protective factors, and current and potential prevention practices. Details knowledge gaps and makes recommendations for researchers.
Additional links: Audio Recording, Presentation Slides
Author(s): Nate Mohatt
Date: 04/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
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VA Health Care: Efforts Needed to Ensure Effective Use and Appropriate Staffing of Suicide Prevention Teams
Report evaluates the Veterans Health Administration's (VHA's) utilization of suicide prevention teams to prevent suicides among veterans. Evaluation makes recommendations for elevating benchmarks of the program and improving team staffing.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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An Analysis of Suicide Risk Factors among Farmers in the Midwestern United States
Study examining psychological, social, and contextual risk factors for suicide among farmers. Draws data from 600 surveys of agricultural producers in Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, and South Dakota. Discusses rates of depression, anxiety, farming-specific stressors, social support, and coping strategies.
Author(s): Andrea Bjornestad, Courtney Cuthbertson, Jessie Hendricks
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(7), 3563
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
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