Kentucky covers 39,728 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 4,454,189 people – with 1,830,084 people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Frankfort is the state capital, and the state’s largest cities are Louisville, Lexington, and Bowling Green. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.8% of the state’s population is white, 8.4% is African-American, 1.6% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 3.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Kentucky Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to data.HRSA.gov, as of January 2019 Kentucky had:
- 27 Critical Access Hospitals
- 241 Rural Health Clinics
- 222 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
- 46 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kentucky
6% of Kentucky residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Kentucky residents in 2016 was $38,926, although rural per capita income lagged at $32,903. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Kentucky is 22.2%, compared with 13.8% in urban areas of the state. 20.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Kentucky is 5.9%, while in urban Kentucky, it is 4.3% (USDA-ERS, 2017).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Partners with hospitals, community organizations, and non-profit groups, in promoting healthcare in rural Kentucky. Located in the Center of Excellence in Rural Health at the University of Kentucky Medical Center.
There are more organizations related to Kentucky in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 1/8/2018