For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Kentucky covers 39,728 square miles, with a 2021
estimated population of 4,509,394 people – with 1,837,472
people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Frankfort is the
state capital, and the state's largest cities are
Louisville, Lexington, and Bowling Green. According to
2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 87.1% of the
state's population is White, 8.6% is African-American,
1.7% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native,
0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and
4.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Kentucky Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kentucky
6.9% of Kentucky residents lack health insurance (Kaiser,
2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service,
the average per capita income for Kentucky residents in
2020 was $47,339, with the rural per capita income at $39,917. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that
the poverty rate in rural Kentucky is 19.2%, compared
with 12.0% in urban areas of the state. 17.2% of the
rural population has not completed high school, while
9.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma
according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The
unemployment rate in rural Kentucky is 5.1%, while in
urban Kentucky, it is 4.4% (USDA-ERS, 2020).
Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Kentucky Office of Rural Health
Partners with hospitals, community organizations, and nonprofit groups, in promoting healthcare in rural Kentucky. Located in the Center of Excellence in Rural Health at the University of Kentucky Medical Center.
There are more organizations related to Kentucky
in the organizations section.