Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub


Kentucky covers 39,728 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 4,509,394 people – with 1,837,472 people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Frankfort is the state capital, and the state's largest cities are Louisville, Lexington, and Bowling Green. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 87.1% of the state's population is White, 8.6% is African-American, 1.7% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 4.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Kentucky Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kentucky

6.9% of Kentucky residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Kentucky residents in 2020 was $47,339, with the rural per capita income at $39,917. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Kentucky is 19.2%, compared with 12.0% in urban areas of the state. 17.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Kentucky is 5.1%, while in urban Kentucky, it is 4.4% (USDA-ERS, 2020).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Kentucky Office of Rural Health
Phone: 606.439.3557
Partners with hospitals, community organizations, and nonprofit groups, in promoting healthcare in rural Kentucky. Located in the Center of Excellence in Rural Health at the University of Kentucky Medical Center.
view details

There are more organizations related to Kentucky in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 3/10/2021