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Kentucky Resources

FY 2020: HRSA's Rural Health Grants – Kentucky Fact Sheet
HRSA Federal Office of Rural Health Policy investments in Kentucky in Fiscal Year 2020. Lists grant and cooperative agreement recipients, award amounts, award recipient locations, and congressional district.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy
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COVID-19 in Appalachia
Offers information, data, and resources for addressing COVID-19 in the Appalachian region. Includes county level COVID-19 confirmed case counts with economic status and its impact on key socioeconomic indicators. Provides additional information for Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) grantees.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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DRA's Response to COVID-19
Provides information on DRA programs and initiatives related to COVID-19. Includes a map of COVID-19 cases in the region, as well as county-level planning reports.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Delta Regional Authority
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Kentucky Medical Association - COVID-19/Coronavirus Resources and Information for Physicians
Offers links for COVID-19 public service announcements, resources, significant notices, guidance, and waivers for physicians. Also includes Kentucky Medical Association member alerts related to COVID-19.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Kentucky Medical Association
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Kentucky Hospital Association - Coronavirus News & Resources
Offers links for key material and resources from several sources, for the benefit of hospital administrators, healthcare professionals, and other Kentuckians. Includes guidance for Kentucky Medicaid telehealth services, found in the section for hospital administrators.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Kentucky Hospital Association
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Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services - COVID-19
Resources and information on Kentucky's response to COVID-19, including guidance and recommendations, state hotline information, and information on cases in the state.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services
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Barriers & Challenges to FQHC Use of Telehealth for Substance Use Disorder: An Examination of Policies Affecting FQHCs Pre- and During the COVID-19 Emergency
Describes barriers for implementing telehealth medication assisted treatment (MAT) programs in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) prior to COVID-19 in Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, and where entities received funding from the Health Resources Services Administration for substance use disorder projects. Includes analysis on the policies that have impacted FQHCs' ability to deliver MAT via telehealth during the COVID-19 public health emergency, and features a chart showing changes to Medicare and Medicaid telehealth policies for FQHC MAT services.
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Connected Health Policy: The National Telehealth Policy Resource Center
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Geographic Variation in the Structure of Kentucky's Population Health Systems: An Urban, Rural, and Appalachian Comparison
Examines differences in key characteristics of population health systems in Kentucky, using data from a 2018 statewide survey of community networks. Features statistics on implementation of population health activities, with breakdowns by urban, rural non-Appalachian, and rural Appalachian public health jurisdictions.
Author(s): Rachel Hogg-Graham, Angela Carman, Glen P. Mays, Pierre Martin Dominique Zephyr
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(3), 14-25
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
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Selected Rural Healthcare Facilities in Kentucky
Shows the state's Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) and Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), as well as Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) sites located outside of urbanized areas.
Date: 07/2020
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Availability of Health Insurance Literacy Resources Fails to Meet Consumer Needs in Rural, Appalachian Communities: Implications for State Medicaid Waivers
Reports on the availability of health system and community‐based programs promoting health insurance literacy and supporting informed consumer healthcare decision making in rural Kentucky. Findings are based on focus groups and interviews conducted with healthcare providers, community health workers, patient navigators, and others primarily serving rural Appalachian counties in the state.
Author(s): Jean Edward, Robin Thompson, Andrea Jaramillo
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2014-2018 American Community Survey Chartbook
State- and county-level information on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy, education, labor force, employment, income, health insurance coverage, disability, and veteran status, for the 13 Appalachian states. Features statistics with breakdowns by 5 levels of population density.
Additional links: All Report Data, All Report Maps, All Report Tables
Author(s): Kelvin Pollard, Linda A. Jacobsen
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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On the Front Lines: The Impact of COVID-19 on Kentucky Hospitals
Examines how the pandemic has affected Kentucky hospitals and outlines the financial challenges that have been exacerbated by the virus. Includes a section on rural hospitals that were at risk of closure before the pandemic began.
Date: 2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kentucky Hospital Association
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Introducing the L.A.U.N.C.H Collaborative
Describes the Linking & Amplifying User-Centered Networks through Connected Health (L.A.U.N.C.H.) demonstration project, based in Appalachian Kentucky and aimed at preventing cancer and removing obstacles faced by cancer patients in rural and underserved areas, through improvements in broadband access.
Author(s): F. Douglas Scutchfield, Kevin Patrick
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(1), 1-5
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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Making Community Health Workers (CHWs) Fundamental: New Research Strengthens the Case for State Policymakers to Include CHWs in Care Delivery Teams
Summarizes key findings from previous Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) funded studies in 9 states on Community Health Workers (CHWs) interventions and their effect on diverse ethnic, racial, socioeconomic and geographic backgrounds, including rural. Offers evidence-based recommendations to help state policymakers integrate CHWs into healthcare delivery teams to improve health outcomes and reduce the cost of healthcare for individuals and populations.
Author(s): Denisse Sanchez, Sinsi Hernández-Cancio, Eliot Fishman
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
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Russell County Hospital Listens to their Community to Improve Transitions of Care
Highlights quality improvement activities underway at a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital (CAH) in rural Kentucky. Discusses community collaboration efforts, expansion of specialty services, renovations, a focus on staff satisfaction, and care coordination activities.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Effective Communication and Consistency in Increasing Rural Vaccination Rates
Discusses barriers to vaccination in rural areas and strategies to improve vaccination rates. Features efforts in a Louisiana Rural Health Clinic (RHC) and in rural Kentucky high schools that are increasing vaccination rates.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Work Requirements in Kentucky Medicaid: A Policy in Limbo
Highlights a study on the effects of Kentucky's proposed work requirement policy for Medicaid. Examines the awareness of the policy among the public and its effect on employment and healthcare coverage. Details participants' age, marital status, and whether they live in a rural or urban area.
Author(s): Joy Madubuonwu, Lucy Chen, Benjamin D. Sommers
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
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A Change-Management Approach to Closing Care Gaps in a Federally Qualified Health Center: A Rural Kentucky Case Study
Case study focused on application of the proactive office encounter (POE) model to understand how a rural Appalachian Kentucky Federally Qualified Health Center implemented changes to improve delivery of preventive care services, close care gaps, and reduce health disparities among patients.
Author(s): Angela L. Carman, Robin C. Vanderpool, Lindsay R. Stradtman, Emily A. Edmiston
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Mercy Health - Marcum and Wallace Hospital Invests in Swing Bed Program
Highlights the Marcum and Wallace Hospital's work to implement the Small Rural Hospital Transition (SRHT) project recommendations with the goal of expanding the swing bed program to reduce readmission rates. Marcum and Wallace Hospital is a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital in Irvine, Kentucky.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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HIV Testing in 50 Local Jurisdictions Accounting for the Majority of New HIV Diagnoses and Seven States with Disproportionate Occurrence of HIV in Rural Areas, 2016–2017
Reports on HIV testing in 50 local jurisdictions where most new diagnoses of HIV infection in 2016 and 2017 were found and in seven states with high rural rates of HIV. Includes rural-urban data on HIV testing for Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, and South Carolina.
Author(s): Marc A. Pitasi, Kevin P. Delaney, John T. Brooks, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(25), 561-567
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Kentucky Community Fights Back against Cardiovascular Disease
Results of a study conducted in Appalachian Kentucky, exploring a program in which community health workers helped promote healthy eating, physical activity, stress reduction, and other activities to manage risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
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Resilient Rural America: Southeast Kentucky
Series of articles about the challenges of life in rural southeast Kentucky. Includes discussion of Mountain Moms, an Appalachian Kentucky support group for low-income women who have experienced domestic violence. Part of the Resilient Rural America series.
Author(s): Blake Tommey
Date: 04/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Baptist News Global
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Community-Wide Efforts to Improve the Consumer Food Environment and Physical Activity Resources in Rural Kentucky
Highlights the efforts of a community project in Kentucky to increase access to healthy foods and opportunities to be physically active. Details the project's work with grocery store managers to increase the availability of healthy food and with community members to develop and improve physical activity resources.
Author(s): Alison Gustafson, Margaret McGladrey,Tammy Stephenson, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 01/2019
Type: Document
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Does a Program That Focuses on Lifestyle Changes Reduce Heart Disease Risk Factors in a Rural Community in Appalachian Kentucky?
Examines a tailored, culturally appropriate cardiovascular disease self-care intervention, HeartHealth, compared to a model of patient referrals to a primary care provider for standard care for cardiovascular risk factors in a rural Appalachian Kentucky community.
Author(s): Debra K. Moser, Frances Feltner, Martha J. Biddle, et al.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
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Identifying Priority and "Bright-Spot" Counties for Diabetes Preventive Care in Appalachia: An Exploratory Analysis
Details a study of type 2 diabetes prevalence and mortality in rural Appalachian counties and compares rates with non-Appalachian counties.
Author(s): Peter J. Mallow, Michael Topmiller, Jennifer Rankin, Jene Grandmont, David Grolling
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 27-33
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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Serum Cotinine Versus Parent Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Rural Appalachian Children
Highlights a study of secondhand smoke exposure in Appalachian children. Features data collected from children aged 7-9 and compares rates to national and Appalachian-state rates.
Author(s): Samrat Yeramaneni, Kimberly Yolton, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Kim N. Dietrich, Erin N. Haynes
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 15-26
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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The Social Determinants of Health and the Decline in U.S. Life Expectancy: Implications for Appalachia
Study explores life expectancy in the U.S. and compares these trends to those in Appalachia. Looks at social determinants of health such as substance use, injuries, and suicide, among others, as possible contributing factors.
Author(s): Steven H. Woolf, Heidi Schoomaker, Latoya Hill, Christine M. Orndahl
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 6-14
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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Rural and Appalachian Disparities in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Incidence and Access to Opioid Abuse Treatment
Examines the disparity of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) prevalence in Appalachian and non-Appalachian Kentucky and in comparison to national data. Considers why data from this study may or may not be useful in identifying regional and national trends. Also discusses the challenges of providing substance abuse treatment to pregnant women and Appalachian populations.
Author(s): Joshua D. Brown, Amie J. Goodin, Jeffrey C. Talbert
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 34(1), 6-13
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
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Depression in a Depressed Area: Deservingness, Mental Illness, and Treatment in the Contemporary Rural U.S.
Examines the concepts of health-related deservingness and local moral economics to understand the diversity of moral responses to depression for rural women living in central Appalachia, Kentucky where economic distress has contributed to poor mental health. Women from a variety of ages, treatment encounters, work experiences, and family sizes, along with healthcare professionals from a variety of backgrounds and settings, participated in semi-structured interviews and focus groups.
Author(s): Claire Snell-Rood, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song
Citation: Social Science & Medicine, 219: 78-86
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
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Body Mass Index Category Moderates the Relationship Between Depressive Symptoms and Diet Quality in Overweight and Obese Rural-Dwelling Adults.
Examines questionnaire responses from adults in rural Kentucky to determine whether overall diet quality varies according to body mass index (BMI) category and presence of depressive symptoms in people with or at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contains data comparing healthy eating habits among depressed and non-depressed individuals who are overweight or obese, including breakdowns by age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, comorbidities, and other characteristics.
Author(s): Demetrius Abshire, Terry Lennie, Misook Chung, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 34(4), 377-387
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
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Making the EHR Work: Rural Healthcare Organizations Use Data Extraction to Improve Patient Care
Discusses how rural organizations can use their electronic health record (EHR) data to address population health. Features data analytics programs at the White House Clinics in rural Appalachian Kentucky and Harris Regional Hospital in western North Carolina. Also discusses preparation of the rural health information technology (HIT) workforce.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Network Spotlight: Northeast Kentucky Regional Health Information Organization
Highlights an interview with Scott Lilley, the Executive Director of the Northeast Kentucky Regional Health Information Organization (NeKY RHIO). Describes the development of NeKY RHIO and their work to improve health and safety through the use of health information technology (HIT). Covers the advantages and challenges of working in a rural area, current initiatives, steps taken to address network sustainability, and advice to those developing a rural health network.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Rural Child Welfare Practice
Issue brief discussing the needs and concerns of rural children and families, including healthcare and social services. Examines factors linked to child maltreatment, such as poverty, violence, and substance use, and features descriptions of successful programs designed to promote child welfare in rural areas of Montana, South Dakota, Kansas, and Colorado, and Appalachian Ohio and Kentucky.
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Mental Health Disparities: Appalachian People
Breaks down the mental health disparities across Appalachia. Looks at behavioral health indicators, such as rates of depression, excessive drinking, and suicide, among others, as well as social determinants indicators, such as median household income, poverty, and education, among others.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Psychiatric Association
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Attitudes, Social Norms, and Perceived Behavioral Control Factors Influencing Participation in a Cooking Skills Program in Rural Central Appalachia
Reports the results of a study examining the attitudes, social norms, perceived behaviors, and intentions of central Appalachia residents in Kentucky regarding their motivation and participation in a nutrition education and cooking skills program to improve dietary habits and overall health.
Author(s): Frances Hardin-Fanning, JaNelle M. Ricks
Citation: Global Health Promotion, 24(4), 43-52
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
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Strategic Plan Oral Health in Kentucky
Outlines the strategic plan for the Kentucky Oral Health Program. Includes county-level maps showing the distribution of general dentists and dentists who accept Medicaid, and discussion on how to reduce oral health disparities among rural and underserved populations. Covers policy initiatives to support oral healthcare and providers in rural areas.
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Department for Public Health, Division of Maternal and Child Health
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Direct Effects of the Home, School, and Consumer Food Environments on the Association Between Food Purchasing Patterns and Dietary Intake among Rural Adolescents in Kentucky and North Carolina, 2017
Analyzes the effects of food shopping habits and food environments in the home, school, and consumer settings on dietary intake among rural adolescents living in Kentucky and North Carolina. Examines the association, if any, with the rural versus urban adolescent obesity disparity.
Author(s): Alison Gustafson, Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Jordan McDonald, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(10), 1255
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
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A Community-Based Marketing Campaign at Farmers Markets to Encourage Fruit and Vegetable Purchases in Rural Counties With High Rates of Obesity, Kentucky, 2015-2016
Examines effectiveness of the Plate it Up Kentucky Proud program, targeting farmers market shoppers in 6 rural Kentucky counties in the Delta and Appalachian regions, from September 2014-September 2016. Features statistics including age, sex, income, and rate of consumption of fruit, salad, and other vegetables.
Author(s): Emily DeWitt, Margaret McGladrey, Emily Liu, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 14
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
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Regulating Network Adequacy for Rural Populations: Perspectives of Five States
Policy brief describing how California, Kentucky, Montana, Texas, and Wisconsin define insurance network adequacy and how much consideration is given to rural issues in regulating their networks. Features statistics including these states' rural population, rural percent of total population, rural area in square miles, number of marketplace networks, and percent that are narrow networks.
Author(s): Michelle Casey, Carrie Henning-Smith, Jean Abraham, Ira Moscovice
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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How Western Kentucky Leveraged Medicaid Expansion to Increase Access to Health Care
Describes improvements in healthcare access and quality in Paducah and nearby counties from 2011-2014, when almost 500,000 people were added to the Medicaid rolls. Includes demographic statistics, difference in health system rank from 2012 to 2016, and map showing locations of 9 clinics that have opened or expanded during that time.
Author(s): Sarah Klein, Martha Hostetter, Douglas McCarthy
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
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Implementing a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program in Rural Kentucky
Describes efforts of 2 local health departments to implement a high school curriculum to help prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases in a 13-county area of rural Kentucky.
Author(s): Rachel Shapiro, Robert G. Wood
Date: 05/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Heroin, Methamphetamine Use and Prescription Drug Abuse in Kentucky
Results of the 2016 survey from the Kentucky Health Issues Poll concerning the impact of drug abuse on respondents' family and friends. Includes breakdowns by rural, urban, and suburban counties.
Date: 05/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky, Interact for Health
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An Approach to Developing Local Climate Change Environmental Public Health Indicators in a Rural District
Explores climate and environmental public health indicators for a seven-county public health department in western Kentucky. Identifies public health hazards and vulnerability indicators and features statistics on percentages of population living in rural areas of the counties studied.
Author(s): Adele Houghton, Jessica Austin, Abby Beerman, Clayton Horton
Citation: Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2017, 3407325
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
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Network Spotlight: Appalachian Kentucky Health Care Access Network
Explores various aspects of the Appalachian Kentucky Health Care Access Network (AKHCAN) through an interview with Project Director Jan Chamness, and Project Manager Gina Brien. The AKHCAN is a grant-funded network that seeks to increase and improve healthcare access for all low-income, uninsured, and underinsured populations living in rural Kentucky through the use of community health workers (CHWs).
Date: 02/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Russell County Hospital Aligning for Future Success
Details the improvements made by Russell County Hospital (RCH), a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital located in Russell Springs, Kentucky, as part of the Small Rural Hospital Transition (SRHT) project. Major accomplishments include expanding primary care and surgery services, developing a strategic plan, establishing and monitoring quality indicators, and optimizing participation in the 340B Drug Pricing Program. RCH is also working with the community and the media to promote their quality scores, which are consistently high.
Date: 02/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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SOAR Impact Report 2017
Annual report from Shaping Our Appalachian Region, a nonprofit organization dedicated to expanding job creation, improving quality of life, and enhancing opportunity, innovation, and identity in Appalachian Kentucky. Includes a section on reducing health disparities in rural areas of the region.
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Shaping Our Appalachian Region
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Kentucky's Primary Care Workforce Shortages 2016-2025 and Recommendations for Increasing the Production of Primary Care Physicians for Kentucky
Presents data and information about the Kentucky primary care workforce, describes trainee pipelines supplying new physicians, and recommends strategies and tactics for improving this workforce. Includes statistics on various types of primary care providers in rural Kentucky, and support for the idea that rural background and rural clinical rotations are factors in primary care career choices by medical school graduates.
Author(s): Kevin A. Pearce, Carol Hustedde, Linda M. Asher, et al.
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky College of Medicine
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Availability of Buprenorphine Treatment in Kentucky
Describes availability of opioid addiction treatment in Kentucky, with breakdowns by metropolitan, micropolitan, and other non-metropolitan areas, and distribution of various medical specialists authorized to prescribe buprenorphine in these areas.
Author(s): Elijah T. Myers, Tyrone F. Borders
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky Institute for Rural Health Policy
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Health and Health Care in Kentucky: Variations by Region and Metro/Micro/Rural Status
Describes key health, health behavior, and healthcare access indicators in Kentucky by region and metropolitan status, using data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Features statistics related to topics including drinking, smoking, body mass index, and mental health, with breakdowns by demographic categories.
Author(s): Ty Borders, Keith Branham
Date: 11/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky Institute for Rural Health Policy
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Marcum & Wallace Memorial Hospital Successfully Impacts Project Outcomes
Highlights the progress of Kentucky's Marcum and Wallace Memorial Hospital as they worked through the Small Rural Hospital Transition (SRHT) project in 2015. By participating in the SRHT project, Marcum & Wallace was able to make significant improvements to emergency department operations, swing bed services, 340B usage, and more.
Date: 08/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Promoting Healthy Eating and Physical Activity: A Qualitative Examination of Community-Based Obesity Interventions in Rural Kentucky
Master's degree thesis providing results of a study to determine causes of obesity in 6 counties of rural Kentucky, using data collected from February to August 2015. Offers suggestions to reduce obesity in these areas. Features demographic statistics of the 6 counties, and prevalence of obesity and related conditions in those areas.
Author(s): Brooke F. Butterworth
Date: 07/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky UKnowledge
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Geographic Health Disparities in Kentucky: Starting a Conversation About Local Solutions
Features county-level maps showing disparities by life expectancy at birth, education level, median household income, and percentage of population living in poverty. The maps are intended to promote discussion and policy action to combat health disparities in Appalachian Kentucky.
Author(s): Steven H. Woolf, Derek A. Chapman, F. Douglas Scutchfield
Citation: Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research, 5(3), 1-8
Date: 06/2016
Type: Document
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State Variations in the Rural Obstetric Workforce
Illustrates the challenges affecting the obstetric workforce in Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) and other rural hospitals having at least ten births in 2010 by analyzing data derived from a telephone survey conducted in 9 states. Includes data for each state on hospital and provider characteristics, and services provided for labor and delivery.
Author(s): Peiyin Hung, Katy B. Kozhimannil, Michelle M. Casey, Carrie Henning-Smith, Shailendra Prasad
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Correlates to Seroprevalent Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Among Rural Appalachian Drug Users
Examines HSV-2 seroprevalence among 499 drug users in a rural Appalachian Kentucky county, and relevant demographic, behavioral, and social network factors. Features statistics on demographics, sexual behavior, and drug use.
Author(s): Dustin B. Stephens, April M. Young, Ursula L. Mullins, Jennifer R. Havens
Citation: Journal of Medical Virology, 88(3), 512-520
Date: 03/2016
Type: Document
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Increases in Acute Hepatitis B Virus Infections - Kentucky, Tennessee, and West Virginia, 2006-2013
Reports on increased rates of hepatitis B infections in three Appalachian states, particularly among injection drug users and in non-urban areas.
Author(s): Aaron M. Harris, Kashif Iqbal, Sarah Schillie, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 65(3), 47-50
Date: 01/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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SOAR 2016 Impact Report
Annual report from Shaping Our Appalachian Region, a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting job creation, improving quality of life, and supporting opportunity, innovation, and identity in Appalachian Kentucky. Includes a section on a grant awarded to Hazard Community and Technical College for creation of a telemedicine technician certificate and a workforce training program.
Date: 2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Shaping Our Appalachian Region
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2016 Kentucky Health Coalitions Directory
A directory, by county, of coalitions or care coordination groups working in the state of Kentucky, gathered to assist in networking and collaboration.
Date: 2016
Type: Directory
Sponsoring organization: Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky
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Mortality and Life Expectancy in Rural America: Connecting the Health and Human Service Safety Nets to Improve Health Outcomes over the Life Course
Policy brief describing the driving forces behind rural health disparities in Appalachian Kentucky. Offers nationally relevant recommendations for addressing these challenges. Discusses rural and urban differences in life expectancy and mortality rates, and other significant factors including behavioral health, substance abuse, population health, trauma care, and transportation.
Date: 10/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services
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Increases in Hepatitis C Virus Infection Related to Injection Drug Use Among Persons Aged ≤30 Years - Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia, 2006-2012
Discusses opioid abuse, drug injecting, and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in central Appalachia, with data on HCV infection rates for four states. Includes data for rural and urban areas by gender and race/ethnicity.
Author(s): Jon E. Zibbell, Kashif Iqbal, Rajiv C. Patel, Anil Suryaprasad, Kathy J. Sanders, Loretta Moore-Moravian, Jamie Serrecchia, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 64(17), 453-458
Date: 05/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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A Rural Pathways Program for High School Students: Reinforcing a Sense of Place
Evaluation of a 3-week-long High School Rural Scholar program sponsored by the University of Louisville Trover Campus in rural Kentucky, in which students shadow health professionals in their hometowns, participate in virtual classrooms, and gain a better understanding of healthcare career options open to them.
Author(s): William J. Crump, Steve Fricker, Katelyn F. Flick, et al.
Citation: Family Medicine, 46(9), 713-717
Date: 10/2014
Type: Document
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Diabetes Management in Rural Areas Takes Holistic, Community Approaches
Programs in Florida and Kentucky are helping diabetic patients better manage their health, and promoting community awareness of the disease.
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Barriers to Substance Abuse Treatment in Rural and Urban Communities: A Counselor Perspective
Compares rural and urban substance abuse counselors' perceptions of barriers to providing substance abuse treatment by analyzing data collected from 28 counselors in Kentucky.
Author(s): Erin Pullen, Carrie Oser
Citation: Substance Use & Misuse, 49(7), 891-901
Date: 06/2014
Type: Document
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Farmers' Market Use Is Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Diverse Southern Rural Communities
Examines the socio-demographic characteristics of farmers market participants, the barriers and facilitators to farmers market shopping in southern rural communities, and the associations between farmers market use with fruit and vegetable consumption and body mass index (BMI). Seeks to assess the potential for using farmers markets to increase access to and the consumption of fruits and vegetables in rural areas.
Author(s): Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Alison Gustafson, Qiang Wu, et al.
Citation: Nutrition Journal, 13(1)
Date: 2014
Type: Document
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Individual and Network Factors Associated With Prevalent Hepatitis C Infection Among Rural Appalachian Injection Drug Users
Examines the connection between injection drug users and Hepatitis C infections in rural Kentucky. Features statistics with breakdowns including sex, age, race, ethnicity, and various risk behaviors.
Author(s): Jennifer R. Havens, Michelle R. Lofwall, Simon D. W. Frost, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 103(1), 44-52
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
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Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet in a Rural Appalachian Food Desert
Describes predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors that affect eating a Mediterranean diet in a rural Appalachian food desert in Kentucky. Includes study participant characteristics, such a age, education, and household income.
Author(s): Frances Hardin-Fanning
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 13(1), 2293
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
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Mental Health and Aging Initiative: Intervention Component Effects
Evaluates the Mental Healthiness and Aging Initiative (MHAI) intervention in rural Kentucky and finds that it is feasible and has increased awareness and knowledge about mental health and substance abuse and aging.
Author(s): Faika Zanjani, Tracy Davis, Tina Kruger, Deborah Murray
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 12(4), 2154
Date: 11/2012
Type: Document
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Local Programs Help Patients Navigate Medical Care
A look at patient navigator programs in four states: a statewide program in Georgia, a program in Kentucky for cervical cancer patients, a promotores program in Texas for chronic conditions, and a coordinated care program for cancer patients in Vermont.
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Network Brings Better, More Efficient Care to Cardiac Patients in 68 Counties
Highlights the Saint Thomas Chest Pain Network in Tennessee and Kentucky, which is proving that moving patients into and through a system quickly and efficiently is critical to saving lives.
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 02/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Appalachia Nonprofit Resource Center
Offers free resources on financial management, sustainable operations, and fundraising, as well as other tools. Geared to the needs of Appalachian nonprofits during the COVID pandemic.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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Journal of Appalachian Health
Highlights issues relating to the health and wellness of rural Appalachian communities. Features peer-reviewed, open access research on health outcomes in Appalachia.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky College of Public Health
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Creating a Culture of Health in Appalachia: Disparities and Bright Spots
An initiative focused on health outcomes in Appalachian communities. Provides access to health disparities data on health status, healthcare delivery, and social determinants of health indicators for counties within the rural Appalachian region. Also identifies and provides case studies of "Bright Spots", counties in the region with better-than-expected health outcomes.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
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Cancer-Rates.info
Contains cancer incidence and mortality data for a number of states, with the option to view data by county, cancer type, gender, race and ethnicity, and in most cases, rural/urban geography.
Type: Database
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky
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GEOStory of Opioid Addiction
Report containing data on issues related to the opioid epidemic in eight northern Kentucky counties. Features statistics with breakdowns on types of opioids involved in overdose deaths, cases of hepatitis, numbers of emergency room visits and hospitalizations.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Northern Kentucky Independent District Health Department
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Kentucky - The Bridge
Quarterly publication focusing on rural health issues and topics pertaining to Kentucky, while spotlighting individuals and programs that exemplify innovation or excellence in Kentucky's rural health landscape.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
Sponsoring organization: Kentucky Office of Rural Health
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ERS State Fact Sheet: Kentucky
State-level data on population, poverty, food security, educational attainment, employment, and income. Includes data for rural areas, urban areas, and the state as a whole.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Kentucky QuickFacts
State-level data on demographics, housing, income, and other social determinants of health, with the option to add data for counties and cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Includes information from multiple U.S. Census Bureau censuses, surveys, and programs.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Kentucky KIDS COUNT Data Center
Provides data on child well-being for the state. Covers demographics, economic well-being, education, family and community, health, and safety and risky behaviors. Some data available by county.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Annie E. Casey Foundation
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Kentucky State Health Facts
State-level data on demographics, health status, healthcare costs and access, healthcare providers, and more.
Type: Database
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Additional resources are available. See a full list of Kentucky Resources.


Last Updated: 11/27/2020