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Vermont covers 9,250 square miles, with a 2016 estimated population of 624,594 people – with 407,229 people living in rural Vermont (USDA-ERS). Montpelier is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Burlington, Essex and Colchester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 94.8% of the state’s population is white, 1.3% is Black/African-American, 1.6% is Asian, and 1.8% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 14 hospitals in Vermont (Kaiser, 2015), 8 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2017). There are 11 Rural Health Clinics in the state (CMS, 2017), and 11 Federally Qualified Health Centers providing services at 61 sites (NACHC, 2015).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Vermont

5% of Vermont residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2015). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Vermont residents in 2015 was $48,587, although rural per-capita income lagged at $47,007. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Vermont is 12.7%, compared with 10.3% in urban areas of the state. 8.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 7.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2011-2015 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Vermont is 3.6% and the rate is 2.7% in urban Vermont (USDA-ERS, 2016).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Vermont Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 802.951.1259
Provides planning, technical assistance and resources to improve access to health services throughout Vermont. A division of the Vermont Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Vermont in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/14/2017