Vermont covers 9,250 square miles, with a 2015 estimated population of 626,042 people – with 409,000 people living in rural Vermont (USDA-ERS). Montpelier is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Burlington, Essex and Colchester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 94.8% of the state’s population is white, 1.3% is Black/African-American, 1.6% is Asian, and 1.8% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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The state has 8 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 2/2017). There are 12 Rural Health Clinics in Vermont (CMS, 2016); 11 Federally Qualified Health Centers providing services at 61 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Vermont

5% of Vermont residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2015). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Vermont residents in 2015 was $48,587, although rural per-capita income lagged at $47,007. The ERS reports, based on 2015 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Vermont is 10.1%, compared with 10.4% in urban areas of the state. 8.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 7.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2011-2015 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Vermont is 4.1% and the rate is 3.0% in urban Vermont (USDA-ERS, 2015).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Vermont Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 802.951.1259
Provides planning, technical assistance and resources to improve access to health services throughout Vermont. A division of the Vermont Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Vermont in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/2/2014