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Vermont covers 9,250 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 623,989 people – with 403,578 people living in rural Vermont (USDA-ERS). Montpelier is the state capital. The state's largest cities are Burlington, Essex and Colchester. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 94.2% of the state's population is white, 1.4% is African-American, 1.9% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, and 2.0% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2021 Vermont had:

  • 8 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 10 Rural Health Clinics
  • 49 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 5 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Vermont

4.4% of Vermont residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Vermont residents in 2019 was $55,293, with the rural per capita income at $53,453. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Vermont is 10.1%, compared with 10.2% in urban areas of the state. 7.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 6.6% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Vermont is 2.6% and the rate is 1.9% in urban Vermont (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Vermont Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 802.951.1259
Works to improve quality and performance of Vermont's Critical Access Hospitals and rural hospitals. Focuses on access to primary, dental, and mental health services and recruitment and retention of primary care, oral health, and mental health workforce. Supports outreach to farm owners and workers and training for health care professionals. Part of the Vermont Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Vermont in the organizations section.