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Vermont covers 9,250 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 645,570 people – with 418,959 people living in rural Vermont (USDA-ERS). Montpelier is the state capital. The state's largest cities are Burlington, Essex and Colchester. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 94.0% of the state's population is White, 1.5% is African-American, 2.0% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, and 2.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Vermont

2.6% of Vermont residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Vermont residents in 2020 was $59,187, with the rural per capita income at $57,750. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Vermont is 9.8%, compared with 8.6% in urban areas of the state. 6.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 6.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Vermont is 3.7% and the rate is 3.0% in urban Vermont (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Vermont Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 802.951.1259
Works to improve quality and performance of Vermont's Critical Access Hospitals and rural hospitals. Focuses on access to primary, dental, and mental health services and recruitment and retention of primary care, oral health, and mental health workforce. Supports outreach to farm owners and workers and training for health care professionals. Part of the Vermont Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Vermont in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 3/23/2021