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Rural Response to Farmer Mental Health and Suicide Prevention – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Response to Farmer Mental Health and Suicide Prevention.

Association of Farm-Related Occupations with Psychological Distress & Mortality
Highlights the factors contributing to psychological distress and mortality among farm-related occupations. Discusses the health risks associated with agricultural labor and their psychological and physical outcomes. Slide presentation from the 2020 National Rural Health Association Annual conference.
Author(s): Ahmed A. Arif, James N. Laditka, Sarah B. Laditka, Oluwaseun Adeyemi
Date: 06/2020
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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Depression, Alcohol and Farm Stress: Addressing Co-Occurring Disorders in Rural America
Offers resources to help rural healthcare providers screen farmers, farmworkers, and farm families for alcohol use disorder and depression. Discusses farm stress and covers three categories of barriers to rural substance use and mental health services: accessibility, availability, and acceptability. Includes a hypothetical case scenario to illustrate the obstacles and challenges rural farm families experience when attempting to receive care for co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders.
Author(s): Maridee Shogren, Robin Landwehr, David Terry, Abby Roach-Moore, Andrew McLean
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Addiction Technology Transfer Center Network, Mental Health Technology Transfer Center Network, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Health Professional Shortage Areas: Mental Health
Printable map that shows nonmetropolitan and micropolitan mental health HPSAs on one color scale and metropolitan mental health HPSAs on another. Data source: data.HRSA.gov
Date: 04/2020
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Growing Stress on the Farm: The Expanding Economic and Mental Health Disparities in Rural Missouri
Identifies disparities in mental health outcomes and economic factors for farmers and other rural Missourians. Presents opportunities to promote access to mental health services, improve outcomes, and reduce stigma. Includes statistics on suicides in Missouri with breakdowns by metropolitan and rural areas, age, and gender, and hospital emergency visits by rural Missourians for psychiatric disorders, substance use disorder, and suicidality.
Author(s): M. Reidhead, J. Medows, K. Dothage, et al.
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Missouri Coalition for Community Behavioral Healthcare, Missouri Department of Mental Health, Missouri Farm Bureau, Missouri Hospital Association, University of Missouri Extension
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Farmer Stress in Georgia: Results of a Survey
Results of a survey measuring type and intensity of stressors affecting Georgia farmers, based on information gathered from 118 attendees at the 2019 Georgia Farm Bureau Convention. Features statistics with breakdowns by demographics, specific types of farming employment, and top stressors.
Author(s): Anna Scheyett
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Georgia School of Social Work
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Assessing Health and Safety Concerns and Psychological Stressors among Agricultural Workers in the U.S. Midwest
Results of a 2018 study of 540 farmers in Iowa, Ohio, Missouri, Minnesota, and Nebraska, identifying agricultural work stressors including chemical and equipment safety, finances, and health concerns such as hearing loss, respiratory problems, depression, and acute illnesses. Examines differences between mail and in-person survey modes, and compares their effectiveness in promoting farm workers' willingness to participate in the surveys. Features demographics and statistics on the types of stress experienced.
Author(s): Kanika Arora, Marsha Cheyney, Fredric Gerr, et al.
Citation: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, 26(1), 45-58
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
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Suicide Rates by Industry and Occupation — National Violent Death Reporting System, 32 States, 2016
Examines suicide rates for major industry and occupational groups and detailed occupational groups. Includes information on suicide rates for occupations that are largely rural, including farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers; agricultural workers; and fishing and hunting workers.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 1: Major Industry Groups, Supplementary Table 2: Major and Detailed Occupational Groups
Author(s): Cora Peterson, Aaron Sussell, Jia Li, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(3), 57-62
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Farm and Farm Family Risk and Resilience: A Guide for Extension Educational Programming
A guide for educators focused on programming to reduce risk and increase resilience for farms and farm families. Includes a risk and resilience framework, logic models for programming with three different audiences, tools for assessment and teaching, and teaching resources. Part of the Farm and Farm Family Risk and Resilience Toolkit.
Additional links: Creating a Thriving Farm Visuals, Descriptions and Stacking Game, Farm and Farm Family Risk and Resilience Logic Models, Farm and Farm Family Risk and Resilience Program Planning Tool
Author(s): Bonnie Braun, Maria Pippidis
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: University of Cooperative Delaware Extension, University of Maryland Extension
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Responding to Crisis: Farmer Mental Health Programs in the Extension North Central Region
Provides an overview of programs and resources to address the mental health needs of farmers and farm families in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Discusses outreach efforts in the region and best practices in developing materials.
Author(s): Shoshanah Inwood, Florence Becot, Andrea Bjornestad, Carrie Henning-Smith, Andrew Alberth
Citation: Journal of Extension, 57(6)
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Who and How: Exploring the Preferred Senders and Channels of Mental Health Information for Wisconsin Farmers
Presents a study on the dissemination of mental health information to farmers. Farmers were surveyed on how they would like to receive this information and who they think should present it to them.
Author(s): Josie M. Rudolphi, Richard Berg, Barbara Marlenga
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(20), 3836
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Farm Family Stressors: Private Problems, Public Issue
Outlines the types of stressors farm families experience, the impacts these stressors have, and recommendations for policymakers working to address this issue.
Author(s): Bonnie Braun
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Council on Family Relations
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The Farmer Mental Health Crisis: Understanding A Vulnerable Population
A recorded webinar focused on the mental health needs of farmers. Explains the stressors that farmers face and how to help overcome barriers to seeking mental healthcare. Identifies resources to help psychologists connect with and address the needs of farmers.
Date: 07/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organizations: American Psychological Association, Farm Aid
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Defining the Rural Health Care Professional Role in Assuring Total Farmer Health
Presents the results of a "virtual think tank" on farmer and rancher mental health. Participants answered questions on farmer mental health disparities and access to mental healthcare.
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AgriSafe Network
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Preventing Farmer Suicide: Collaboration and Communication
Video focused on farmer mental health. Discusses the stressors impacting farmers, such as difficult economic conditions and extreme weather. Features experts explaining the warning signs of suicide and how communities can help farmers and their families address mental health concerns.
Date: 06/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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U.S. Ag Centers Mental Health Awareness Campaign: Promotional Toolkit
Shares resources for a Mental Health Awareness month campaign tailored to meet the needs of rural, agricultural communities. Includes graphics, a customizable news release, and social media messaging.
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers
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Preventing Farmer Suicides through Helplines and Farm Visits
Discusses the financial and other challenges farmers face that impact their mental health. Highlights the efforts of the Minnesota Farm & Rural Helpline and NY FarmNet, which work to improve farmers' mental health and prevent suicides.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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American Farm Bureau Federation Rural Stress Polling Presentation
Summarizes the results of a survey of rural adults, farmers, and farmworkers regarding mental health. Includes statistics and data describing access to mental health resources, mental health concerns for farmers, ways to reduce stigma, general impressions of mental health, and more.
Date: 04/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: American Farm Bureau Federation, Morning Consult
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Suicide Rates by Major Occupational Group — 17 States, 2012 and 2015
Examines suicide deaths by occupational group for men and women aged 16-64 years from the 17 states participating in both the 2012 and 2015 National Violent Death Reporting System. Includes information on suicide rates among male farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers and among male agricultural workers.
Additional links: Erratum, Table 2
Author(s): Cora Peterson, Deborah M. Stone, Suzanne M. Marsh, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 67(45), 1253-1260
Date: 11/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Rural Aging: Health and Community Policy Implications for Reversing Social Isolation
Summarizes discussions from a stakeholder meeting regarding reversing social isolation among rural seniors. Highlights three objectives: a common understanding, actionable solutions, and awareness. Discusses the economic and health impacts of isolation for aging rural residents. Covers policy recommendations.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bipartisan Policy Center
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How Farmers Can Cope with Stress
Describes the signs of increased stress levels and provides stress management tips for farmers. Also includes some New York state-specific resources.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: NY FarmNet
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Trends and Characteristics of Occupational Suicide and Homicide in Farmers and Agriculture Workers, 1992–2010
Presents a study on rates of work-related suicide and homicide among farmworkers from 1992-2010. Breaks down rates by year and region, and compares farmworkers to other occupations.
Author(s): Wendy Ringgenberg, Corinne Peek-Asa, Kelley Donham, Marizen Ramirez
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 34(3), 246-253
Date: 2018
Type: Document
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Rural Health Research Recap: Rural Behavioral Health
Summarizes key findings from the Rural Health Research Centers' most recent rural behavioral health projects. Discusses mental illness prevalence in rural areas, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among rural children, access to behavioral health services in rural communities, and rural behavioral health interventions. Provides links to each of the referenced source documents.
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Hotlines and Mental Health Screenings Provide Needed Support
Mental health hotlines and mental health screenings offer critical support in getting people the help they need in a timely manner.
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Farm State of Mind
A collection of resources and information for farmers addressing stress and mental health. Includes information on the American Farm Bureau Federation and National Farmers Union Rural Resilience Training Program, an online training to recognize signs of stress on the farm.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: American Farm Bureau Federation
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Cultivating Resilience in Rural Communities Toolkit
A collection of resources to prepare and plan for a conversation on mental health in agriculture. Includes a facilitator planning guide and checklist, participant worksheet, promotional flier, and more.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Upper Midwest Agriculture Safety and Health Center
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Montana Ag Producer Stress Resource Clearinghouse
Provides resources for farmers and their families to understand stress, measure and manage their stress, and help a family member or friend who may be experiencing stress. Includes a Perceived Stress Scale self-assessment and information about Montana mental health resources.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Montana State University Extension
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Farmer-Specific Mental Health and Crisis Resources, Support Groups & Hotline Numbers
Directory of state-level mental health and suicide prevention resources for farmers.
Type: Directory
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Kansas Ag Stress Resources
Information to help Kansas residents experiencing agriculture-related stress. Addresses family support, mental health, local services, programs, and events.
Type: Website
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Farm Stress and Mental Health
Presents trainings and resources pertaining to farm stress and farmers' mental health. Features several webinars discussing issues surrounding farmers' mental health, as well as listing a number of sources for information and data.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
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Mental Health Resources for Farmers and Ranchers
A collection of articles from Successful Farming magazine that address mental health, stress, depression, and suicide.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Successful Farming
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Farmer Resource Network Online Directory
A directory of 750 organizations that work directly with farmers nationwide on a wide range of issues, including crisis assistance, financial counseling, legal needs, and more.
Type: Directory
Sponsoring organization: Farm Aid
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Farm Aid Resource Guide for Farm Crisis Support
A collection of resources to help farmers in crisis. Includes resources to address legal needs, resources for socially disadvantaged farmers, mental health resources, and more.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Farm Aid
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NIOSH Ag Safety Centers
A directory of National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) centers that conduct research, education, and prevention projects to address the nation's pressing agricultural health and safety problems.
Type: Directory
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Managing Farm Stress
A collection of resources addressing different aspects of farmer mental health. Includes information on the impact of stress, stress management, youth farm stress, opioids, and coping with grief after the loss of a farm. Also offers financial and management guides and other information for helping farmers in need.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Michigan State University Extension
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The Personal Nature of Agriculture: Men Seeking Help
Examines the factors that can make it difficult for men to seek help for mental health concerns, including barriers and challenges specific to farmers and ranchers. Describes what rural mental health professionals can do to be successful in helping this population.
Author(s): Randy R. Weigel
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service
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Stress Management for Women Farmers and Ranchers
Focuses on farm-related stress. Discusses general factors that impact all farmers and sources of stress specific to women farmers and ranchers working in the male-dominated field of agriculture. Discusses constructive ways to deal with stress and the role of social networks in stress management.
Author(s): Kristin Reynolds
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of California Small Farm Program
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Farm Stress and Mental/Behavioral Health
A collection of resources for agricultural workers with disabilities addressing challenges such as depression, stress, addictions, and other mental/behavioral health concerns.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National AgrAbility Project
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Mental Health and the Impact on Wellness for Farm Families
Identifies symptoms of poor mental health and identifies stressful events that may impact farmers and ranchers. Provides information on when to seek out help and warning signs that a person is at risk.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AgriSafe Network
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Stress and Mental Health
A variety of resources related to farmer mental health, including a poster and checklist for identifying the signs and symptoms of stress.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Upper Midwest Agriculture Safety and Health Center
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Agricultural Producers & Stress: When Do You Need a Counselor?
Guidance for farmers about how to determine if they need counseling, barriers to seeking help, and how to choose a counselor.
Author(s): Randy R. Weigel, Hattie Penny
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension
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Ag Health Risk Assessment Tool (AgHRA)
Self-assessment tool for farmers and ranchers focused on physical and mental health. Identifies steps to help reduce health risks. Includes a version specific to women.
Type: Tool
Sponsoring organization: AgriSafe Network
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Farm and Ranch Family Stress and Depression: A Checklist and Guide for Making Referrals
Lists signs of stress specific to farming, general signs of chronic stress, and signs of depression and suicidal intent. Provides guidance on how to refer a person who may be experiencing stress to get help.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Colorado State University Extension
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TransFARMation
Podcast and radio series focused on increasing awareness of farm stress. Features available resources, insights from experts, and personal stories.
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organizations: Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Red River Farm Network
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Farm and Ranch Stress
A collection of resources addressing issues related to farmer mental health. Includes information on stress and stress management, coping priorities and resources, and background information on the sources of stress in farming and ranching.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: North Dakota State University Extension
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Farm Crisis Center
A collection of resources to help farmers deal with stress. Includes hotlines, directories, mediation information, and disaster assistance resources.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Farmers Union
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National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
Offers free and confidential support for people in distress, suicide prevention and crisis resources, and best practices for professionals. Call 800-273-TALK (8255) or chat via the program website. Available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Type: Hotline
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Farm Aid Hotline
Confidential assistance for farmers experiencing distress or in crisis. Call 1-800-FARM-AID (327-6243), email farmhelp@farmaid.org, or fill out an online request form. Hotline is answered between 9:00 AM and 5:00 PM Eastern Time by Farm Aid staff.
Type: Hotline
Sponsoring organization: Farm Aid
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Rural Suicide Prevention Toolkit
Resources and best practices to develop rural suicide prevention programs. Identifies program models and examples, and discusses implementation, evaluation, sustainability, and dissemination of program results.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Mental Health in Rural Communities Toolkit
Resources and best practices to develop rural mental health programs, with a primary focus on adult mental health. Identifies program models and examples, and discusses implementation, evaluation, sustainability, and dissemination of program results.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Cooperative Extension System
Provides opportunities for collaboration, professional development, and access to resources and tools on a variety of topics including enhancing rural community capacity and health and nutrition.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institute of Food and Agriculture
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Farm Town Strong
Website details information and resources to support agricultural communities affected by the opioid epidemic. Presents crisis hotlines, links to treatment centers, prevention resources, and prescription drug disposal for rural agricultural communities.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: American Farm Bureau Federation, National Farmers Union
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Rural Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Toolkit
Resources and best practices to help rural communities develop substance use disorder prevention and treatment programs. Identifies program models and examples, and discusses implementation, evaluation, sustainability, and dissemination of program results.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Rural Community Health Toolkit
Provides rural communities with resources and information to develop a community health program. Includes information on how to identify and implement a program, as well as guidance on program evaluation, sustainability, and dissemination of program results.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Mental Health First Aid
Details a public education program to assist the public in identifying, understanding, and responding to signs of mental illnesses and substance use disorders. Provides a "Find a Course" link to access mental health first aid instructors who will train residents in rural areas.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Council for Behavioral Health
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2-1-1 Information and Referral Service
Provides a free, confidential information and referral service for help with employment, food, housing, healthcare, addiction prevention programs, and counseling.
Type: Hotline
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Last Updated: 6/24/2020