Skip to main content
RSS

Conducting Rural Health Research, Needs Assessment, and Program Evaluation Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Conducting Rural Health Research, Needs Assessment, and Program Evaluation.

Critical Access Hospitals’ Community Health Needs Assessments and Implementation Plans: How Do They Align?
Examines how Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) are using community health needs assessments to improve population health. Highlights common community health issues identified by the needs assessments, types of strategies CAHs used to address them, and ways to improve on their efforts to meet community needs. Discusses what state Flex programs can do to support CAHs in their work and includes a list of resources to help CAHs.
Author(s): John A. Gale, Zachariah Croll, Lauren Zoll, Andrew F. Coburn
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
view details
Population Denominator Data Sources and Data for Use with the HCUP Databases (Updated with 2017 Population Data)
Identifies sources of population data that can be used with Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) databases to calculate rates of hospital care events per population. Includes two rural-urban population data sources. Appendix A, Tables A.6 and A.7 provide U.S. population figures from 2000 through 2017 for a 4-category urban-rural definition and a 6-category urban-rural definition.
Additional links: Appendix A: Population Data Tables
Author(s): Marguerite Barrett, Rosanna M. Coffey, Katharine Levit
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
view details
Data Sources and Data-Linking Strategies to Support Research to Address the Opioid Crisis: Final Report
Identifies and describes secondary data sources that can be used in research and evaluations related to the opioid crisis. Discusses common approaches used to link or merge data sources. Describes research needs and challenges related to studying the opioid crisis.
Author(s): Rosanna Smart, Courtney Ann Kase, Amanda Meyer, Bradley D. Stein
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, RAND Corporation
view details
U.S. Small-Area Life Expectancy Estimates Project: Methodology and Results Summary
Describes the methodology used to determine the first set of abridged period life tables for U.S. census tracts from 2010 to 2015 for the District of Columbia and all states excluding Maine and Wisconsin. Provides statistics on small-area life expectancy at birth, and life expectancy at birth and population educational attainment by census tract.
Author(s): E. Arias, L. A. Escobedo, J. Kennedy, C. Fu, J. Cisewski
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
Engaging People Who Are Hard to Reach
Discusses the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute's (PCORI) efforts in engaging rural communities in healthcare research. Presents methods for reaching migrant and seasonal farmworker populations, as well as other predominately rural groups.
Author(s): Clover Ulrich, Yasmeen Long, Ivey Wohlfeld, Lia Hotchkiss
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
view details
The Death Certificate: A Document to be Honored and Accurate
Provides an overview of the role that death certificates play in understanding death causation and allocating health resources to address key health concerns. Discusses training approaches that can help address death certificate inaccuracies.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
view details
2020 Census: Actions Needed to Address Challenges to Enumerating Hard-to-Count Groups
Examines the U.S. Census Bureau’s plans for the 2020 Census to improve the count of hard-to-count groups, which includes people living in rural or geographically isolated areas, racial and ethnic minorities, people with mental and/or physical disabilities, and other groups. Discusses factors that make it challenging to count certain people, including difficulties related to locating, contacting, persuading, and interviewing.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
view details
Conducting a Randomized Trial in Rural and Urban Safety-Net Health Centers: Added Value of Community-Based Participatory Research
Results of a colorectal cancer screening study using data from two health networks comprising 11 Federally Qualified Health Centers in metropolitan St. Louis and rural Missouri. Examines characteristics of the 483 participants and differences between the rural and urban health centers where the screenings took place. Features demographic statistics.
Author(s): Meera Muthukrishnan, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Jean M. Hunleth, et al.
Citation: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 10, 29-35
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
view details
Issues in Developing Multidimensional Indices of State-level Health Inequalities: National Health Interview Survey, 2013–2015
Examines methodological issues related to developing and estimating health inequality measures that span multiple dimensions of health. One of the inequality attributes included in the discussion is urbanicity, based on the NCHS urban-rural classification scheme.
Author(s): Makram Talih, Maria A. Villarroel
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
The History and Future of Rural Health Research: Celebrating 30 Years
Recording and slides from a June 4, 2018 webinar with Tom Morris of the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, Eric Larsen of the WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, and Marcia M. Ward of the Center for Health Policy and Research. They explore how rural health research has changed over time and discuss recent work on telemedicine and emergency and trauma care.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Transcript, Webinar Recording
Date: 06/2018
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
view details
Wireless Substitution: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, July-December 2017
Provides data on households that rely on wireless telephones rather than landlines. Indicates trends by providing figures for 6-month periods from July 2014 to December 2017. Includes data for nonmetropolitan compared to metropolitan areas. Telephone surveys conducted using only landline numbers could be biased if the wireless-only population differs in relevant ways from the landline population.
Author(s): Stephen J. Blumberg, Julian V. Luke
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
Improving Health Research on Small Populations: Proceedings of a Workshop
Summary of a January 2018 workshop focused on health research with small population groups, including rural populations. Discusses the challenges of small population health research and innovative approaches related to study design, data collection, and statistical analysis to address these challenges.
Additional links: Read Online
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
view details
Range Matters: Rural Averages Can Conceal Important Information
Findings brief showing how research focusing on averages without considering data range can conceal important information about average rural hospital profitability, distance between hospitals, and HIV prevalence by county.
Author(s): Meagan Clawar, Kristie Thompson, George H. Pink
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
view details
Informing the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) 2.0 Evaluation Design: A Brief Review of the Literature
Summarizes results of a literature review on approaches to conducting research and evaluation in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities. Also examines strategies for recruitment and retention in tribal post-secondary education, AI/AN career pathways, and tribal college workforce development programs. Describes how the literature review informed the Tribal Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) 2.0 evaluation design.
Author(s): Michael Meit, Carol Hafford, Catharine Fromknecht, et al.
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
view details
Tribal Implications of the Revised Common Rule & NIH sIRB Policy
Highlights revisions in two federal policies regarding oversight of research conducted within tribal communities. Includes updates to the Common Rule governing research with human subjects and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) single Institute Review Board (sIRB) policy.
Date: 06/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Congress of American Indians Policy Research Center
view details
Community-Based Health Needs Assessment Activities: Opportunities for Collaboration Between Public Health Departments and Rural Hospitals
Describes how and why rural areas have conducted health needs assessments, and explores opportunities and barriers to collaborative projects attempted by local public health departments and rural hospitals. Also provides recommendations for State Offices of Rural Health and state health officials, as they encourage local-level public health departments and rural hospitals to complete joint assessments.
Date: 05/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
view details
Extending Work on Rural Health Disparities: A Commentary on Matthews and Colleagues’ Report
Commentary on the CDC MMWR report, Health-Related Behaviors by Urban-Rural County Classification — United States, 2013. Discusses the value of the data provided in the report, which highlights health-related behaviors for six geographic levels. Offers recommendations to build on this work.
Author(s): Paul A. Gilbert, Helena H. Laroche, Robert B. Wallace, Edith A. Parker, Susan J. Curry
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 04/2017
Type: Document
view details
Advancing System and Policy Changes for Social and Racial Justice: Comparing a Rural and Urban Community-based Participatory Research Partnership in the U.S.
Examines two community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnerships, one serving African Americans in rural Missouri and the other African American and Latinos in the urban South Bronx. The CBPR partnerships focused on health inequities related to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Discusses the historical context of racial and social injustice, social justice partnership strategies, and the role of CBPR.
Author(s): Carlos Devia, Elizabeth A. Baker, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, et al.
Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health, 16(1), 17
Date: 02/2017
Type: Document
view details
Preparing a Strong Rural Health Message
Webinar explaining how to use resources freely available through websites of the Rural Health Research Gateway and the Rural Health Information Hub. Offers tips on using these sites to develop services and messages to promote rural people's health.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Transcript, Webinar Recording
Date: 01/2017
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
view details
Engaging Rural Residents in Patient-Centered Health Care Research
Describes the process of engaging rural patients and caregivers to explore and understand rural perspectives surrounding the patient-centered medical home model. Discusses engagement efforts and lessons learned from analyzing rural residents engagement in healthcare research.
Author(s): Michelle Levy, Cheryl Holmes, Amy Mendenhall, Whitney Grube
Citation: Patient Experience Journal, 4(1), 46-53
Date: 2017
Type: Document
view details
Using the ERS County Economic Types To Explore Demographic and Economic Trends in Rural Areas
Discusses six types of counties based on economic industry dependence: farming, mining, manufacturing, federal/state government, recreation, and nonspecialized counties. Describes how these county types can be used to better understand variation in demographic and economic trends in rural areas. Uses the county economic types to examine population, income, and poverty trends.
Author(s): Lorin Kusmin
Citation: Amber Waves
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
view details
Clinical Training in the Rural Setting: Using Photovoice to Understand Student Experiences
Reports on a qualitative study of medical and physician assistant student training in 2 rural locations using photovoice, a participatory research methodology that combines photography and participant commentary.
Author(s): Emily M. Mader, Carrie Roseamelia, Sarah L. Lewis, et al.
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 16, 3877
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
view details
Identifying Rural Health Clinics in Medicaid Data
Describes and compares 6 different tested methods for identifying Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) within Medicaid claims as a technique to better understand Medicaid enrollees’ use of RHC services. Uses data from North Carolina, California, Georgia, and Texas.
Author(s): Marisa Domino, Seth Tyree, Regina Rutledge, Mark Holmes
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
view details
Conducting Community Health Needs Assessments: A Ten-Step Process
Outlines a 10-step process for conducting community health needs assessments centered around a broad-based Community Group. Based on a model developed by the National Center for Rural Health Works.
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of North Dakota Center for Rural Health
view details
Leveraging University-Community Partnerships in Rural Georgia: A Community Health Needs Assessment Template for Hospitals
Reports on a University of Georgia project where students and faculty conducted a community health needs assessment (CHNA) for a rural hospital. Provides a detailed, step-by-step description of the process used.
Author(s): Ayanna Robinson, Sabrina T. Cherry, Michelle Elliott, Marsha Davis, Grace Bagwell Adams
Citation: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association, 5(4), 365-372
Date: 2016
Type: Document
view details
Aging Well in the 21st Century: Strategic Directions for Research on Aging
Outlines the priorities of the National Institute on Aging (NIA). Goal F focuses on improving the health status of older adults in diverse populations, including rural older adults.
Date: 2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute on Aging
view details
Updated ERS County Economic Types Show a Changing Rural Landscape
Identifies non-metropolitan counties based on the industries driving income and earnings. Includes a national map showing non-metro counties primarily dependent on farming, mining, manufacturing, recreation, and federal-state government. May be useful to those considering health-related policies or undertaking research projects where the type of industry that is predominant is relevant.
Author(s): Timothy Parker
Citation: Amber Waves
Date: 12/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
view details
Network Self-Assessment Tool
Designed to help rural health networks examine and build organizational leadership capacity. Provides networks and stakeholders with information to evaluate areas of strength and challenges in their projects.
Date: 11/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Cooperative of Health Networks Association, National Rural Health Resource Center
view details
Advancing Suicide Prevention Research with Rural American Indian and Alaska Native Populations
Summarizes the conclusions from a meeting of a multidisciplinary group of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) suicide research experts to discuss the persistent issues related to suicide disproportionately affecting Indigenous communities. Identifies challenges hindering improvement in Indigenous suicide research and provides recommendations to support and strengthen Indigenous suicide research.
Author(s): Lisa Wexler, Michael Chandler, Joseph P. Gone, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 105(5), 891-899
Date: 05/2015
Type: Document
view details
Evaluating Tablet Computers as a Survey Tool in Rural Communities
Examines whether two survey methods, paper and pencil versus tablet computers, yield similar survey responses to common health questionnaires in undeserved rural communities. Examines perceptions of usability for each survey method and whether findings could be replicated between the survey methods.
Author(s): Steve M. Newell, Henrietta L. Logan, Yi Guo, John G. Marks, James A. Shepperd
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 31(1), 108-117
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
view details
An Optimization Framework for Measuring Spatial Access over Healthcare Networks
Examines spatial access, a dimension of healthcare access, using an optimization framework involving supply, demand, and network structure. Includes optimization models, maps, and accessibility estimates.
Author(s): Zihao Li, Nicoleta Serban, Julie L. Swann
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 15, 273
Date: 2015
Type: Document
view details
The Social Determinants of Health of Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity: A Research Framework
Examines the social determinants of health related to childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes from a Native perspective, considering historical trauma, self-determination, and cultural factors. Looks at currently available information, identifies gaps, and provides a research framework to help build a better understanding of the causes of child obesity among Native Americans.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Notah Begay III Foundation
view details
Dissemination of Rural Health Research: A Toolkit
Offers health services researchers a variety of approaches and products to help communicate research findings to their target audience. Provides general guidelines, as well as advice related to specific product types, such as fact sheets and policy briefs, and to particular methods of communication, including social media.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
view details
Using PhenX Toolkit Measures and Other Tools to Assess Urban/Rural Differences in Health Behaviors: Recruitment Methods and Outcomes
Describes the recruitment approaches used in a health behaviors study that sought participants from urban and rural locations in Minnesota and North Dakota. Reports on the response by gender for three separate recruitment mailings. Offers suggestions for cost-effective recruitment strategies to ensure an adequate number of participants.
Author(s): Michael M Hitz, Pat G Conway, Jeanette A Palcher, Catherine A McCarty
Citation: BMC Research Notes, 7, 847
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
view details
Building the Evaluation Capacity of Local Programs Serving American Indian/Alaska Native Populations: Lessons Learned
Describes technical assistance provided to help tribal communities develop their evaluation capacity so they could show that the substance abuse prevention programs they were undertaking were effective. Includes discussion of facilitators and challenges related to building evaluation capacity.
Date: 10/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
view details
Spatial, Temporal and Relational Patterns in Respondent-Driven Sampling: Evidence from a Social Network Study of Rural Drug Users
Reports on a study that used respondent-driven sampling (RDS) to recruit participants who were drug users in rural Central Appalachia. Focuses on the patterns of recruitment in this rural setting using RDS, which relies on an initial set of participants who recruit additional participants from their personal networks.
Author(s): April M. Young, Abby E. Rudolph, Deane Quillen, Jennifer R. Havens
Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68(8), 792-8
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
view details
Dynamics of Race: Joining, Leaving, and Staying in the American Indian/Alaska Native Race Category between 2000 and 2010
Examines survey response changes for racial reporting among American Indian and Alaska Natives, based on data from the 2000 and 2010 censuses and the 2006-2010 American Community Survey. Looks at characteristics of those who consistently identified as AI/AN, those who joined that category, and those who left it.
Author(s): Carolyn A. Liebler, Renuka Bhaskar, Sonya Rastogi
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
view details
Understanding Geographic Relationships: American Indian Areas
Explains the relationships that exist between different types of American Indian Areas that are used by the U.S. Census Bureau. Includes a chart showing the relationships among these legal and statistical boundaries and how they relate to the standard geographic units of states and census blocks.
Author(s): Katy Rossiter
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
view details
Program Evaluation Workshop Materials for State Flex Programs
Includes presentations and workshop materials regarding program evaluation, demonstrating value and outcomes, project management, logic models, return on investment, evaluation best practices, and Rural Hospital Performance Improvement projects for state Flex programs.
Date: 07/2014
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Technical Assistance and Services Center
view details
Building Research Partnerships with Community Health Centers: A Toolkit for Academics
Toolkit to help academics and external researchers understand the health center model and its unique structure, including the community-based research and participation. Provides guidance to help develop more equitable and sustainable relationships with health centers. Approximately half of all health center patients live in rural areas.
Author(s): Michelle Jester, Michelle Proser, Peter Shin
Date: 05/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Community Health Centers
view details
Building Partnerships in Community-Based Participatory Research: Budgetary and Other Cost Considerations
Explores costs and budget considerations when implementing a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework to work with communities to reduce health disparities. Analysis can inform budget discussions and assist with planning CBPR project timelines. Table 1 details budget concerns for CBPR project staff and Table 2 lists opportunity costs associated with community partners for a CBPR project.
Author(s): Theresa J. Hoeft, Wylie Burke, Scarlett E. Hopkins, et al.
Citation: Health Promotion Practice, 15(2), 263-270
Date: 03/2014
Type: Document
view details
The State of Health Equity Research: Closing Knowledge Gaps to Address Inequities
Reports results of an analysis of health disparities research funded between 2007 and 2011. Finds that certain populations which experience disparities, including rural populations and Native Americans, are underrepresented in the research. Reports on the health conditions most studied and geographic distribution of studies. Describes a trend to more research on solutions rather than just description of health disparities.
Author(s): AAMC Health Equity Research and Policy Staff
Date: 2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AcademyHealth
view details
Clinical Trial Recruitment in Rural South Carolina: a Comparison of Investigators’ Perceptions and Potential Participant Eligibility
Examines the perceptions of principal investigators (PIs) regarding clinical trial (CT) participation barriers and recruitment efforts in rural South Carolina and assess the actual pool of potential CT participants in rural and urban South Carolina.
Author(s): Caroline Bergeron, Caroline Foster, Daniela Friedman, Andrea Tanner, Sei-Hill Kim
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 13, 2567
Date: 12/2013
Type: Document
view details
Notes from the Field: Improving Healthcare Outcomes in Rural Settings
Describes the research projects funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute with a focus on rural populations. Reports on a workshop held in Wichita, Kansas in March 2013 to discuss improving healthcare outcomes in rural settings with issues such as healthcare delivery models to facilitate healthy aging in place, transitional care models, telemedicine, and effective dissemination of health information.
Date: 11/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
view details
A Roadmap for Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities
A resource to build evaluation knowledge and skills of tribes, evaluation partners, and other stakeholders to conduct more useful and meaningful evaluations. Focused on evaluation of child welfare programs, but applicable to evaluation of other types of programs.
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
view details
Developing a Research Agenda for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in High-Risk Rural Communities
Summarizes a workshop hosted by the National Institute of Health to engage researchers and practitioners on cardiovascular disease research unique to rural communities across the country. Includes recommendations to guide and frame future research aimed at preventing cardiovascular disease risks in rural areas.
Author(s): Cathy L. Melvin, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Shiriki K. Kumanyika, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 103(6), 1011-1021
Date: 06/2013
Type: Document
view details
Research Prioritization Topic Brief: Rural Trauma Care
Provides an overview of issues that impact rural trauma outcomes. Discusses priority research areas with the potential to improve care and patient-centered outcomes.
Date: 04/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
view details
A National Agenda for Community Paramedicine Research
Summarizes comments from community paramedicine stakeholders at an October 2012 meeting on community paramedicine. Includes discussion and collaboration aimed at building a national evidence base on community paramedicine.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, Susan M. Skillman
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
view details
Recruiting Rural Participants for a Telehealth Intervention on Diabetes Self-Management
Reports on a study that used rural Federally Qualified Health Center site coordinators at multiple locations to recruit participants for a telehealth behavioral coaching intervention. Identifies study design, site, and participant factors that acted as barriers or facilitators to participant recruitment.
Author(s): Sheridan Miyamoto, Stuart Henderson, Heather M. Young, Deborah Ward, Vanessa Santillan
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 29(1), 69-77
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
view details
Community Outreach and Engagement to Prepare for Household Recruitment of National Children’s Study Participants in a Rural Setting
Discusses the participant recruitment process used in a rural, four-county Northern Plains area for a longitudinal national children's health study. Identifies successful strategies used in both rural and tribal communities to engage women to participate in the study.
Author(s): Nancy L. Fahrenwald, Betty Wey, Ann Martin, Bonny L. Specker
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 29(1), 61-68
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
view details
Geographic Information Systems and Chronic Kidney Disease: Racial Disparities, Rural Residence and Forecasting
Provides an overview of geographic information systems (GIS) concepts and techniques. Examines how GIS has been used to study socioeconomic factors that contribute to chronic kidney disease. Explores race, poverty, and rural residence in relation to planning for renal services geographically.
Author(s): Rudolph A. Rodriguez, John R. Hotchkiss, Ann M. O'Hare
Citation: Journal of Nephrology, 26(1), 3-15
Date: 2013
Type: Document
view details
Comparison of Enrollment Rates of African-American Families Into a School-Based Tobacco Prevention Trial Using Two Recruitment Strategies in Urban and Rural Settings
Describes results from using two recruitment approaches targeting rural and urban African-American elementary school families in the South for enrollment in a tobacco prevention program. The intervention used the Facilitate, Open and transparent communication, Shared benefits, Team and tailored, Educate bilaterally, and Relationships, realistic and rewards (FOSTER) approach, which is based on community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles.
Author(s): Martha S. Tingen, Jeannette O. Andrews, Janie Heath, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion, 27(4), e91–e100
Date: 2013
Type: Document
view details
Lessons Learned from the Conduct of a Multisite Cluster Randomized Practical Trial of Decision Aids in Rural and Suburban Primary Care Practices
Reports on participant recruitment for a community-based primary care practice study that included rural clinics. Discusses lessons learned related to timing and location of recruitment and impact of recruitment methods on the intervention implementation. Also describes how the study was designed to minimize disruption for the participating clinical sites.
Author(s): Kari L Ruud, Annie LeBlanc, Rebecca J Mullan, et al.
Citation: Trials, 14, 267
Date: 2013
Type: Document
view details
The Utility of Rural and Underserved Designations in Geospatial Assessments of Distance Traveled to Healthcare Services: Implications for Public Health Research and Practice
Reviews the different definitions of rurality and their purposes. Examines common resident profile characteristics associated with each designation using an eight-county sample from central Texas. Discusses the impact of rural definitions can have on research findings and resulting health policy.
Author(s): Matthew Lee Smith, Justin B. Dickerson, Monica L. Wendel, et al.
Citation: Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2013, 960157
Date: 2013
Type: Document
view details
Why Rural Research Is Important — And How Foundations Can Support It
Examines the increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice in health and human services and why more and better rural data collection is necessary. Discusses the role the federal government and foundations can play in supporting rural research.
Author(s): Kathleen Belanger
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 08/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
view details
Community Health Needs Assessment Toolkit
Designed to help rural hospitals conduct a community health needs assessment, which is a requirement for all 501(c)(3) hospitals.
Author(s): Gerald A. Doeksen, Cheryl F. St. Clair, Val C. Schott
Date: 05/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Center for Rural Health Works, Oklahoma Office of Rural Health
view details
Best Practices for Community Health Needs Assessment and Implementation Strategy Development: A Review of Scientific Methods, Current Practices, and Future Potential
Discusses how public health and non-profit hospitals can work together to assess community health and plan for improvement. Addresses reasons rural hospitals and public health can benefit from working together. Based on a July 2011 public forum convened by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Author(s): Kevin Barnett
Date: 02/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Public Health Institute
view details
'Walk Softly and Listen Carefully': Building Research Relationships with Tribal Communities
Provides an overview of partnership research approaches for studying health issues that impact American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Discusses the importance of researchers learning about culture, tribal sovereignty, and AI/AN experiences. Includes examples of two effective research partnerships and reflections of a tribal community organizer and a Native researcher.
Date: 2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Montana State University Center for Native Health Partnerships, National Congress of American Indians
view details
Health Research on the U.S.-México Border: Promoting a Binational Agenda
Explores the relationship between research and policy development and the role they play in improving health along the U.S.-Mexico border. Outlines key considerations in the development of a binational border health research agenda, current gaps in border health research, and the need to translate research into policies and effective health interventions.
Date: 11/2010
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: United States-México Border Health Commission
view details
Contextualizing CBPR: Key Principles of CBPR Meet the Indigenous Research Context
Examines the literature related to community-based participatory research in tribal communities. Covers the key principles of CBPR in the context of tribal research and also identifies additional considerations.
Author(s): Deborah LaVeaux, Suzanne Christopher
Citation: Pimatisiwin: A Journal of Aboriginal and Indigenous Community Health, 7(1)
Date: 06/2009
Type: Document
view details
Rural Issues Related to Comparative Effectiveness Research and Dissemination
Describes strategies for expanding clinical research in rural environments; implementing practice guidelines in rural settings; and improving access to current evidence-based information for rural health professionals and patients.
Author(s): Ira Moscovice, Michelle Casey
Date: 06/2009
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center
view details
The State of Human Services in Rural America
Provides an overview of the types of human service programs serving rural communities and the challenges they face. Suggests a research agenda for rural America.
Citation: Perspectives: On Poverty, Policy, and Place, 5(Winter), 3-6
Date: 2009
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute
view details
Evaluating a Community-Based Participatory Research Project for Elderly Mental Healthcare in Rural America
Reports on the levels of collaboration present among stakeholders for different aspects of a rural mental health research project that used a participatory approach.
Author(s): Dean Blevins, Bridget Morton, Rene McGovern
Citation: Clinical Interventions in Aging, 3(3), 535-545
Date: 09/2008
Type: Document
view details
Bridging Rural Health Research and Policy: Dissemination Strategies
Describes five strategies for effective dissemination and expanded use of rural health services research and discusses the infrastructure needed to enhance rural health research dissemination.
Author(s): Keith J. Mueller, Timothy D. McBride, Andrew F. Coburn, et al.
Date: 08/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute Rural Health Panel
view details
Rural Definitions for Health Policy and Research
Compares several rural definitions and discusses their strengths and weaknesses. Also addresses the issues related to using these geographic definitions in policy and research.
Author(s): L. Gary Hart, Eric H. Larson, Denise M. Lishner
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 95(7), 1149-1152
Date: 07/2005
Type: Document
view details
HRSA Health Workforce Training Program Evaluation Toolkit
Describes an evaluation framework for Primary Care Training Enhancement (PCTE) grantees in rural and urban areas. Provides recommendations to monitor trainee outcomes and program strategies. Includes seven modules and related tools to be used in grant planning and in the evaluation phase.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
view details
CRCAIH: All Training and Resources
A collection of training materials and other supporting resources to increase tribal communities’ capacity for research and increase the amount of quality, innovative research in American Indian health. Includes tools focused on research methodology, research regulation, culture, community engagement, and more.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Collaborative Research Center for American Indian Health
view details
Rural Health Research Gateway Videos
Collection of videos featuring rural health researchers discussing their work and describing the role of the federally-funded rural health research centers.
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
view details
Rural Healthy People 2020
Outlines the strategic plan for Rural Healthy People (RHP) 2020, identifying top rural health priority areas. Includes links to volumes one and two of the RHP2020 report which provide detailed insights on the rural health priority topics.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
view details
Rural Taxonomy of Population and Health-Resource Characteristics
Identifies and classifies comparable rural communities and places based on features associated with population and health resources. Contains documentation on the development and the methodology of the taxonomy, and a U.S. map, state maps, and tables of rural Primary Care Service Areas (PCSA) classified by their taxonomy.
Additional links: Policy Brief, Technical Report
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
view details
Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Centers (GRECC)
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs centers of excellence focused on aging. GRECCs are located at medical centers across the center, and each includes a research, an education, and a clinical component that work together to provide care to the aging veteran population and train healthcare professionals.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
view details
Using Logic Models for Flex Program Planning, Management, Evaluation, and Reporting
Recording of a March 2012 webinar addressing how to develop and work with logic models as a program management and evaluation tool. Designed to assist Flex Program Coordinators with developing workplans for a noncompetitive continuation progress report.
Type: Tutorial/Training
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
view details
Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA)
Tool designed to assist 501(c)(3) hospitals in conducting community health needs assessments required by the Affordable Care Act.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems
view details
Program Development and Evaluation: Logic Models
Provides logic model templates to help program developers articulate, collaborate, and understand the full scope of their project, from conceptualization through evaluation.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension
view details
HSRProj (Health Services Research Projects in Progress)
Offers a searchable database of ongoing health services research and public health projects, including rural health research projects.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. National Library of Medicine
view details
Developing and Sustaining Community-Based Participatory Research Partnerships: A Skill-Building Curriculum
Assists community-institutional partnerships in using or planning a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to improving health. It can be used by partnerships that are just forming as well as by mature partnerships.
Type: Website
view details
The Community Tool Box
Practical and detailed information and resources to support community health. Provides training and tools to help build skills on topics that include cultural competence, community assessment, leadership, grant writing, and more.
Type: Website
view details

Additional resources are available related to this guide. See the full list of resources by topic for:


Last Updated: 11/14/2018