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Conducting Rural Health Research, Needs Assessment, and Program Evaluation – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Conducting Rural Health Research, Needs Assessment, and Program Evaluation.

Navajo Philosophies and Worldviews Shape Focus Groups on the Impacts of a Mine Spill
Describes collaborative research that incorporated Navajo philosophy and worldviews into focus group examinations of the Gold King Mine spill of 2015, which impacted a river that flows through the Navajo Nation. Discusses the project's development, building community buy-in, and examining socio-cultural impacts of the disaster.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health
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COVID-19 Curated Data, Modeling, and Policy Resources
Resources related to case counts and testing rates, surveillance sites, COVID-19 diagnosis and test codes, provider capacity and patient needs, tools for identifying at-risk populations, and policy actions aimed at preventing spread of the disease.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Mathematica
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Coronavirus (Covid-19) Data in the United States
Series of data files with cumulative counts of coronavirus cases by state and county, over time. Based on data from state and local governments and health departments collected by the New York Times. Publicly available for noncommercial public use, with attribution. Requires technical and data expertise.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Database
Sponsoring organization: New York Times
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A Cross-Sectional Survey of Potential Factors, Motivations, and Barriers Influencing Research Participation and Retention Among People Who Use Drugs in the Rural USA
Study examining research participation and retention among rural people who use drugs (PWUD) based on surveys of 255 research cohort members from Oregon, Kentucky, and Ohio. Examines participant demographics, drug use history, factors influencing research participation, and barriers and motivators related to research retention.
Author(s): Angela T. Hetrick, April M. Young, Miriam R. Elman, et al.
Citation: Trials, 22, 948
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
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Population Denominator Data Sources and Data for Use with HCUP Databases (Updated with 2020 Population Data)
Identifies sources of population data that can be used with Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) databases to calculate rates of hospital care events per population. Includes rural-urban population data sources. Appendix A, Tables A.6 and A.7 provide U.S. population figures from 2000 through 2020 for a 4-category urban-rural definition and a 6-category urban-rural definition.
Additional links: Appendix
Author(s): Marguerite Barrett, Rosanna M. Coffey, Katharine Levit
Date: 12/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Defining "Rural" for the Study on Human Services Programs in Rural Contexts
Report describing the impacts of rural definitions on research design and methods for a study of human services delivery in rural areas. Addresses U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural-Urban Continuum Codes, rural regions, and the limitations of certain definitions.
Author(s): Dallas Elgin, James Murdoch, Corianne Payton Scally, Heather Hahn
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: 2M Research, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Urban Institute
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At the Heart of Community-Engaged Research in Halifax County, N.C.
Describes a research project through North Carolina Central University (NCCU) that examines health disparities in rural Halifax County, NC and that places emphasis on building trust between researchers and the community. Discusses community-engaged research methodologies and the process of training researchers to conduct such research.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
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Research Policy Update - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Partnering with Tribal Nations on Research
Features frequently asked questions for groups interested in partnering with tribal nations on research projects. Discusses tribal Institutional Review Board (IRB) approvals, working with the Indian Health Service (IHS), and publishing research results, among other topics.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Congress of American Indians Policy Research Center
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Wireless Substitution: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, January-June 2021
Provides data on households that rely on wireless telephones rather than landlines. Includes data on the percent of adults who live in wireless-only households and have their own wireless telephone, as well as data on phoneless adults. Provides data for nonmetropolitan compared to metropolitan areas. Discuses the need for surveys to include adequate representation of wireless-only households. Includes a section on the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on data collection and adjustments made to the survey to address the issue.
Additional links: Past Reports
Author(s): Stephen J. Blumberg, Julian V. Luke
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Which Definition of Rurality Should I Use?: The Relative Performance of 8 Federal Rural Definitions in Identifying Rural-Urban Disparities
Study comparing 8 definitions of rural used by the federal government in order to understand how often the same areas were identified as rural and to measure rural-urban disparities related to socioeconomic status, demographics, healthcare access, and health outcomes. Analyzes 20210 census tract-level spatial data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2014-2019 5-year American Community Survey (ACS) population estimates, the Provider of Services file, and the National Plan and Provider Enumeration System files from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
Author(s): Julianna C. Long, Paul L. Delamater, George M. Holmes
Citation: Medical Care, 59, S413-S419
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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Last Updated: 1/14/2022