Finding Statistics and Data Related to Rural Health Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Finding Statistics and Data Related to Rural Health.

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    2013 NCHS Urban-Rural Classification Scheme for Counties
    Updates the CDC's 2006 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) urban-rural county classification. Uses the classification to analyze selected National Vital Statistics System and National Health Interview Survey data, to show the utility of this classification method in identifying rural-urban differences.
    Author(s): Deborah D. Ingram, Sheila J. Franco
    Date: 04/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    The 2014 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE): An Overview
    Provides highlights from the 2014 SAIPE, which provides single-year median household income and poverty statistics. Includes many county-level maps showing income and poverty rates in 2014 and changes from 2007 to 2014. Figure 7 lists poverty data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and non-metropolitan areas. For additional information, including report charts, maps, and figures available for download, see SAIPE Release Highlights of 2014.
    Date: 12/2015
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    The 2014 Update of the Rural-Urban Chartbook
    Provides an update to information provided in Health, United States, 2001: With Urban and Rural Health Chartbook. Highlights current trends and disparities across different levels of metro- and nonmetropolitan counties including population characteristics; health-related behaviors and risk factors; mortality rates; healthcare access and use; and other health measures such as teen birth rates, tooth loss, and activity limitations due to chronic disease. Individual data tables are available in an Excel file.
    Author(s): Michael Meit, Alana Knudson, Tess Gilbert, et al.
    Date: 10/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
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    The 2014 Update of the Rural-Urban Chartbook (Webinar Recording)
    Webinar, presented by Alana Knudson on December 9, 2014. Discusses the 2014 Update of the Rural-Urban Chartbook which includes a comparison of population demographics, health-related behaviors and risk factors, mortality, access to care, health insurance, mental health and more, for rural and urban residents.
    Additional links: Presentation Slides, Transcript
    Type: Video/Multimedia
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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    2016 Broadband Progress Report
    Reports on broadband deployment in the United States, with information specific to broadband access in rural and tribal communities. Discusses the role of broadband in healthcare. Provides maps showing rural broadband deployment and includes state and county-level broadband access data.
    Date: 01/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Federal Communications Commission
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    The 21st Century Rural Hospital: A Chart Book
    Presents an extensive overview of the rural hospital of the 21st century. Discusses how rural hospitals have transformed from a traditional inpatient and emergency department facility to an integrated health system providing a wide variety of services. Contains sections with data about U.S. rural hospitals, the patient population, inpatient and outpatient services and finance.
    Author(s): Victoria A. Freeman, Kristie Thompson, H. Ann Howard, Randy Randolph, G. Mark Holmes
    Date: 03/2015
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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    Age and Lifecycle Patterns Driving U.S. Migration Shifts
    Discusses migration patterns throughout the United States, including young adults moving to large metropolitan cities, and rural farm counties losing young adults.
    Author(s): Kenneth M. Johnson, Richelle Winkler, Luke T. Rogers
    Date: 04/2013
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Carsey School of Public Policy
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    AGing Integrated Database (AGID): ACL Special Tabulations
    Provides access to American Community Survey data for the 60 and older population, covering topics that include demographics, employment, poverty, disability status, and more. Also provides county-level data. The 2008-2012 ACS Special Tabulation includes data for rural and urban areas nationally and by state.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Administration for Community Living
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    AGing Integrated Database (AGID): County-Level Population Estimates Data Custom Tables
    Access to multiple years of county-level population estimates for adults aged 60 and older. Includes data by gender and race/ethnicity and for different age ranges.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Administration for Community Living
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    Although Child Poverty Declined in 2014, Persistent Racial and Ethnic Disadvantages Remain
    Discusses changes in child poverty between 2013 and 2014 and since 2009. Includes comparative data for rural, suburban, and urban locations by race/ethnicity, age range, and broad geographic region.
    Author(s): Marybeth J. Mattingly, Andrew Schaefer, Jessica A. Carson
    Date: 2015
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Carsey School of Public Policy
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    American Community Survey
    An ongoing survey that provides data every year that gives communities the current information they need to plan investments and services. Includes data tables, ranking tables and surveys on demographic, social, economic, and housing data for over 800 geographical areas.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    American Community Survey Narrative Profiles
    Produces brief narrative reports for selected regions based on the most recent ACS 5-year estimates. Addresses health insurance coverage, disability status, age, poverty, and other topics. Reports can be generated for counties, towns, zip codes, census tracts, and more.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    The American Community Survey: What it Means for County Data
    Explains the process of data released from the American Community Survey, and discusses implications to analyzing data for rural counties.
    Author(s): Kathleen Miller
    Date: 03/2010
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute
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    American FactFinder
    Access to a wide range of U.S. Census data on the population, housing, economy and geography. Provides community profiles, as well as a range of search options, including the ability to narrow to rural data.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    American Housing Survey (AHS)
    Provides access to data on housing, including non-metropolitan and metropolitan areas statistics. Topics addressed include housing types, vacancies, heating and cooling, water and sewage, and housing quality.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey
    Provides state and county-level data on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy, education, labor force, employment, income, health insurance coverage, disability, and veteran status, for the 13 Appalachian states. Includes breakdowns by five levels of urban or rural county types.
    Author(s): Kelvin Pollard, Linda A. Jacobsen
    Date: 04/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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    The Area Health Resources Files (AHRF)
    Provides access to data on healthcare facilities, healthcare utilization, demographics, and social determinants of health by state and county. Health workforce and health professions training data are available at the state level. Includes data from a variety of sources.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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    Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America
    An online, interactive mapping tool that captures a broad range of demographic, economic, and county classification data on rural areas across the United States.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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    Baby Boom Migration and Its Impact on Rural America
    An analysis of the migration shift of baby boomers that indicates a propensity to migrate to nonmetro counties as people reach their fifties and sixties and projects a shift in migration among boomers toward more isolated settings, especially those with high natural and urban amenities and lower housing costs. Discusses potential need for communities to invest in healthcare and related services.
    Author(s): John Cromartie, Peter Nelson
    Date: 08/2009
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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    Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
    Provides access to data and reports from a national survey covering chronic diseases and conditions, health risk behaviors, and use of preventive health services.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    CDC WONDER
    Provides access to wide range of public health data, including mortality data for metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Also offers access to birth and fertility rates by county.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    Census Reporter
    A web-based tool for accessing data from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey. Search by location at various geographic levels. Provides a variety of charts and maps depicting demographics, socioeconomic factors, and other ACS data. A Knight News Challenge-funded project.
    Type: Website
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    Changes in Areas With Concentrated Poverty: 2000 to 2010
    Compares Census 2000 poverty estimates with those based on the 2008–2012 5-year American Community Survey (ACS), referred to throughout the report as the 2010 estimates. Includes data on poverty rates for non-metropolitan, suburban, and central city metropolitan areas in Tables 2a and 2b and Figure 7. Reports that non-metropolitan areas had the largest increase in the proportion of people living in poverty areas between 2000 and 2010. Also includes county-level poverty maps for 2000 and 2010, Figures 5 and 6.
    Author(s): Alemayehu Bishaw
    Date: 06/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Child Health USA 2014
    A collection of data on the physical, mental, and emotional health of the Nation’s children. Addresses poverty, education, child care, and health service utilization and financing. Includes selected data by rural and urban residence.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Maternal and Child Health Bureau
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    Child Trends DataBank
    Provides access to more than 100 indicators that focus on risks and positive developments for children. Includes rural-specific data.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Child Trends
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    The Children's Health and Education Mapping Tool
    An interactive mapping resource that focuses on education and healthcare access among low-income children using geographic information systems (GIS). County-level data and statistics included for child health, education, and socioeconomic status.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: School-Based Health Alliance
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    CMS Data Navigator
    Interactive tool for identifying Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) data and information resources. Sources can be narrowed by the geographic level available, including state, county, hospital referral region, and more. Sources can also be viewed by CMS program, topic, setting of care, and resource type. Includes publicly available and restricted use data files.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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    Community Commons
    An interactive mapping tool that supports the economic health of a community and addresses factors that support the well-being of citizens. Provides access to data from a wide range of sources on topics that include demographics, social and economic factors, education, health issues, and the environment.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems
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    Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI)
    Interactive web-based tool for viewing county-level health information. Offers comparisons to peer counties for key indicators related to healthcare access and quality, health behaviors, health outcomes, and other factors that impact health.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data: What Users of Data for Rural Areas Need to Know
    An introduction to the American Community Survey for those who use rural social, economic, and housing data.
    Date: 08/2009
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    County Health Rankings and Roadmaps
    County-by-county information on health outcomes and health factors. Each county is ranked within its state. Includes data related to length of life, quality of life, clinical care, health behaviors, social and economic factors that impact health, and the physical environment. State Health Gaps reports explore differences in health among counties for each state. Also includes examples of how the rankings have been used and of effective programs and policies to improve health.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
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    County Health Rankings and Roadmaps: Finding More Data
    Identifies and describes state and national data sources that provide county-level data on topics relevant to health.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
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    County Health Rankings Key Findings 2016
    A report that highlights county health nationwide, focusing on urban/rural differences, county health gaps by state, and measures of county health. Includes maps, data, and statistics broken down by level of urbanization, state average and health gap between counties within a state on specific measures, and residential segregation.
    Author(s): University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute
    Date: 2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
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    County Population Growth Between 2012 and 2013 and the Primary Source of Population Change
    Shows the percent growth in population by county and source of population change. Select a county to see information on births, deaths, and net migration. By moving the slider, you can switch between the percent change and the primary source of growth in counties that are gaining population.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care
    Provides access to Medicare data on enrollee demographics, reimbursement, utilization and quality. Map-based interface with profiles by hospital and region. Also includes national maps and data by topic.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice
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    Data.gov
    A resource for accessing and using data sources from across the federal government. Includes data lists by topic and agency. Also shares examples of how open data is being used by innovators.
    Type: Website
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    Defining Rural at the U.S. Census Bureau
    An overview of how the Census Bureau has defined rural in the past, the current way urban/rural areas are identified by the Census, and the relationship between decennial censuses, the American Community Survey (ACS), and geography.
    Author(s): Michael Ratcliffe, Charlynn Burd, Kelly Holder, Alison Fields
    Date: 12/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Demographic and Economic Characteristics of Immigrant and Native-Born Populations in Rural and Urban Places
    Describes demographic and economic characteristics of immigrant and native-born people by metropolitan status. Includes data on education level, English language proficiency, poverty level, and other topics. Also provides selected data by citizenship status for rural and urban immigrants.
    Author(s): Andrew Schaefer, Marybeth J. Mattingly
    Date: 2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Carsey School of Public Policy
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    Distribution of U.S. Health Care Providers Residing in Rural and Urban Areas
    Presents the supply and distribution of practitioners in 32 health occupations across urban and rural areas, from 2008-2010, based on their place of residence. Reports that among rural residents, there are more providers in occupations that require fewer years of education and training.
    Date: 10/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Workforce Analysis
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    Diversity in the Physician Workforce: Facts & Figures 2014
    Interactive report identifying demographics and practice patterns of the physician workforce that graduated from United States M.D. granting medical schools. A map in Section III provides access to state and county-level physician data. Table 12 in Section V lists primary care and specialist physicians by rural and urban areas and by race/ethnicity.
    Date: 2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Association of American Medical Colleges
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    diversitydatakids.org
    State and county-level profiles and maps providing data on children, including population, race/ethnicity, types of households, teenage mother births, low birthweight, and more.
    Type: Website
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    Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty 2009-2012
    Detailed tables developed from a sample of U.S. residents that identify poverty status during a four-year period. Includes statistics for nonmetropolitan residents.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online
    Access to community-level information on facilities and their compliance with environmental regulations. Includes information on air emissions, surface water discharges, hazardous waste, and drinking water systems.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
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    ERS State Fact Sheets
    Statistics for each state on population, poverty, food security, educational attainment, employment, and income. Provides data for rural areas, urban areas, and the state as a whole.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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    Exploring Data and Metrics of Value at the Intersection of Health Care and Transportation: Proceedings of a Workshop
    Summarizes a June 2016 joint workshop focused on healthcare and transportation. Includes information on cross-sector collaboration to provide transportation in rural settings. Identifies data sources for understanding health-related transportation needs.
    Author(s): Health and Medicine Division, Transportation Research Board
    Date: 2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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    Exploring Rural and Urban Mortality Differences
    Offers a variety of data tables and online tools that display indicators of mortality rates by age, rurality, region, and sex to help researchers examine the impact of rurality on mortality.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
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    Federal Interagency Health Equity Team Compendium of Publicly Available Datasets and Other Data-Related Resources
    Identifies and describes publicly available data that could be used by projects working to reduce health disparities. Includes datasets and data-related resources from agencies within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, as well as from the U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Department of Commerce.
    Author(s): Federal Interagency Health Equity Team
    Date: 11/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities
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    Findings from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) 2013-2014: A Demographic and Employment Profile of United States Farmworkers
    Reports on demographic and employment characteristics of hired agricultural workers in the United States. Includes data on health insurance and healthcare access, as well as information on social determinants of health such as income, education level, language skills, and housing. Based on data collected from face-to-face interviews with 4,235 crop farmworkers conducted between October 1, 2012 and September 30, 2014.
    Author(s): Trish Hernandez, Susan Gabbard, Daniel Carroll
    Date: 12/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Labor
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    Food Environment Atlas
    A web-based mapping tool which enables researchers, policy makers, and the public to find information on a range of factors that affect access to healthy, affordable food, and will allow users to map the data by county.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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    GME Outcomes Mapper
    Locate graduate medical education (GME) institutions, primary teaching sites, and outcomes like the percentage of graduates practicing in rural areas. You can also download the entire GME outcomes data table.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: American Academy of Family Physicians
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    HCUPnet
    Online tool for accessing Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data. Provides access to health statistics and information on hospital stays at the national, regional, state, and county level. Includes data on rural hospital diagnoses and procedures.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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    The Health and Well-Being of Children in Rural Areas: A Portrait of the Nation 2011–2012
    A chartbook providing data from the National Survey of Children’s Health demonstrating the health and well-being of children, as well as the family environment and the characteristics of the community that affect rural children and their families.
    Date: 04/2015
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Maternal and Child Health Bureau
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    Health Disparities: A Rural-Urban Chartbook (Full Report)
    Presents data on health disparities experienced by people living in rural America. Includes national and state-level data on health status, health behaviors, healthcare access, preventive care, and diabetes care.
    Author(s): Kevin J. Bennett, Bankole Olatosi, Janice C. Probst
    Date: 06/2008
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: South Carolina Rural Health Research Center
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    Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015
    Provides statistics on health insurance coverage in 2015 and also focuses on changes between 2014 and 2015, as well as changes between 2013 and 2015. Tables 5 and A-5 list statistics for metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Based on data from the 2014, 2015, and 2016 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement.
    Author(s): Jessica C. Barnett, Marina Vornovitsky
    Date: 09/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Health System Data Center
    An interactive U.S. map providing access to state and hospital referral region data and comparative rankings on healthcare access, quality, cost, and outcomes. Provides access to the Commonwealth Fund's Scorecard on State Health System Performance.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
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    Health System Measurement Project
    National data on health system indicators covering healthcare services, health behaviors, health insurance coverage, and other topics. Search for "Metropolitan Status" to identify rural-specific data.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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    Health Workforce Mapper
    Customizable, interactive tool for accessing healthcare workforce-related data at the state, county, or metropolitan area level. Provides information on Health Professional Shortage Areas, hospital locations, population indicators, and patient health data such as morbidity and mortality rates, health behaviors and social environment, healthcare access, and quality data.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: American Academy of Family Physicians
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    Health, United States, 2015: With Special Feature on Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
    Presents an annual overview of national trends in health statistics. Covers health status and determinants, healthcare utilization, access and expenditures. Includes data on rural areas - see index under "Metropolitan/nonmetropolitan data." This year's edition includes a section on racial and ethnic health disparities, covering health status, health behaviors, and healthcare access and utilization.
    Date: 05/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    Health, United States: Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas
    Access to tables from the current edition of Health, United States that provide nonmetropolitan data. Topics covered include healthcare access, utilization, health status, risk factors, and preventive care.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    Health-Related Behaviors by Urban-Rural County Classification — United States, 2013
    Provides data on five self-reported health-related behaviors for residents of rural and urban areas. Behaviors include sufficient sleep, current nonsmoking, nondrinking or moderate drinking, maintaining normal body weight, and meeting aerobic leisure time physical activity recommendations. Includes data for each behavior for metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore (rural) areas, as well as prevalence of 4-5 health behaviors by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and education level. Based on 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data.
    Author(s): Kevin A. Matthews, Janet B. Croft, Yong Liu, et al.
    Location: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 66(5), 1-8
    Date: 02/2017
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    HealthData.gov
    A resource for accessing health data sources from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, as well as other federal agencies and some states. Intended to make data easier to use for innovative purposes that improve health.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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    HealthLandscape
    An interactive web-based mapping tool that allows health professionals, policy makers and researchers to combine, analyze and display information in ways that promote better understanding of health and healthcare issues. Requires registration (free).
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: American Academy of Family Physicians
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    How the Great Recession Changed U.S. Migration Patterns
    Examines changes in county-level net migration due to the recession and housing crisis. Compares net migration during the pre-recession years, 2004-2007, to those during the recession, 2007-2010. Also compares the recession period to the post-recession years, 2010-2014. Includes maps showing migration trends by county. Figure 4 looks at migration by metro/non-metro status. Part of the publication series Population Trends in Post-Recession Rural America.
    Author(s): Kenneth M. Johnson, Katherine J. Curtis, David Egan-Robertson
    Date: 05/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Applied Population Laboratory
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    HRSA Data Warehouse
    Provides access to HRSA program data and other health related - including rural health - raw data for download and permits the user to selectively filter, sort, and choose data columns to create customized maps and reports. Also, presents charts, reports and maps and tools that address specific health data topics.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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    ICPSR: Find and Analyze Data
    A searchable collection of data, research studies, and publications on topics related to social and behavioral sciences. Most data sources included are public-use files with no access restrictions. Includes data from rural studies, as well as data sources that include rural-focused variables.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: ICPSR
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    Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015
    Reports on income levels and the number of people in poverty for 2014 and 2015, along with the percent change from 2014 to 2015. Includes statistics for metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas (see Table 1 and Table 3). Based on data from the 2016 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement.
    Author(s): Bernadette D. Proctor, Jessica L. Semega, Melissa A. Kollar
    Date: 09/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Interactive Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke
    State and county maps and data on heart disease and stroke, with data available by demographic group. Also covers social and environmental determinants, availability of health services, and location of health care facilities.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    KIDS COUNT Data Center
    Provides child well-being data by state, county, city, and congressional district. Includes the following topics: demographics, economic well-being, education, family & community, health, and safety & risky behaviors.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Annie E. Casey Foundation
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    Long-Term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States: Data From the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, 2013-2014
    Presents the most current results from the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP). Features information on the supply, staffing, and services offered by paid, regulated providers of long-term care services, and demographics on the users of these services. Includes statistics showing the distribution of providers among metropolitan, micropolitan, and non-metropolitan areas by type of service: adult day services, home health, hospice, nursing home, and residential care community.
    Author(s): Lauren Harris-Kojetin, Manisha Sengupta, Eunice Park-Lee, et al.
    Date: 02/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    LSC Agricultural Worker Population Estimate Update
    Identifies the population of agricultural workers and their dependents, and provides an estimate of the size and distribution of this population to be used as a basis for allocating resources supported by federal programs targeting farmworkers, including health and human services programs.
    Date: 01/2015
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Legal Services Corporation
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    Mapping Broadband Health in America
    Connect2Health mapping tool for visualizing broadband access, demographics, and health data at the national, state, and county levels. Includes a rural filter based on the percent of the population that is rural.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: Federal Communications Commission
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    Mapping Medicare Disparities
    County-by-county interactive map providing information on geographic disparities in chronic disease among Medicare beneficiaries. Indicates disparities in health outcome, utilization, and spending among racial and ethnic minorities and geographic location.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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    Mapping the Measure of America
    State and county-level maps showing key health indicators such as life expectancy, diabetes, and more. Also covers indicators that impact health, like educational attainment and income. Select a county by clicking on the map for a brief profile.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: Measure of America
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    Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)
    Provides data on healthcare access, healthcare quality, health services utilization, cost, and payment methods. Also provides data on health insurance coverage, cost, scope, and breadth. Some topics include metropolitan and non-metropolitan data.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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    Medicare Chronic Conditions Dashboards
    Provides access to national, state, county and hospital referral region statistics on Medicare beneficiaries related to chronic disease prevalence, utilization, and Medicare spending.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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    Medicare Geographic Variation Dashboards: State and County
    Access to state and county-level data on variations in standardized per-capita costs for the Medicare fee-for-service population. Includes trend data and comparison to national and state averages. In the county dashboard, select a state by clicking the map.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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    Medicare Part D Opioid Drug Mapping Tool
    Interactive mapping tool identifies opioid prescription rates at the state, county and zip code level for de-identified Medicare Part D claims from 2013.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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    MMWR Rural Health Series
    A series of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report articles focused on rural health issues.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    Model-based Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) for Counties and States
    Single-year estimates of health insurance coverage by county and state. Includes coverage by age, race, gender, and income. Selected maps are available, some by county.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Model-based Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) for School Districts, Counties, and States
    Provides access to annual estimates of income and poverty by state, county, and school district. Includes county-level maps and visualizations on child poverty, household income, and overall poverty rates. Data from this source is used in the administration of federal grant programs and the allocation of funds to local districts.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    My Congressional District
    Displays demographic information on state congressional districts. Displays population data based on the American Community Survey. Includes the age of residents, ethnicities and ancestry, disability status, and veteran status.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    NACo County Explorer
    Provides national maps showing county-level data on a wide range of indicators. Includes data related to health status, healthcare services, demographics, and the social determinants of health.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: National Association of Counties
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    The National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS)
    An employment-based survey of the demographic, employment, and health data of the U.S. crop labor force. The information is obtained directly from farmworkers through face-to-face interviews.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Labor
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    National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP) Atlas
    Provides access to state and county-level data on HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Click the query tab to change selections.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics
    Access to data, maps and projections on the veteran population nationally and by state, with some county-level information. Also offers data on utilization and expenditures related to VA benefits.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
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    National Health Interview Survey: Tables of Summary Health Statistics
    Summarizes data from a national survey on topics that include health status, health insurance coverage, injury, healthcare access and utilization, and limitations in activities. Some data is compared by place of residence for large metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), small MSAs, and areas not in an MSA.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2011 Emergency Department Summary Tables
    Provides data on emergency department hospital visits, including information for non-metropolitan hospitals. Table 27 provides detailed hospital and emergency department characteristics by metropolitan status. Additional tables that include metro/non-metro data include Table 1, with general overview information, and Table 14, with injury visit data.
    Date: 11/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP)
    Monitors trends in the major sectors of paid, regulated long-term care services providers. Includes data and reports related to residential care communities, adult day services centers, home health agencies, nursing homes, and hospices.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)
    Provides access to results for this annual survey focused on substance abuse and mental health issues. Includes information on prevalence and services. Rural-specific data is available in detailed tables that list "geographic characteristics." Data is also made available by state and for regions within states.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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    Nationwide Inpatient Sample Redesign: Final Report
    Describes sampling changes for the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, which includes information on hospital services by urban/rural status. The NIS will use a sample of discharge records from all HCUP-participating hospitals rather than all discharge records from a sample of hospitals.
    Author(s): Robert L. Houchens, David N. Ross, Anne Elixhauser, Joanna Jiang
    Date: 04/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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    Net Migration Patterns for U.S. Counties
    Access to county-level estimates of net migration by age, race, Hispanic-origin, and sex for each decade from 1950 to 2010. Offers customizable maps and charts.
    Type: Website
    view details
    New CDC Series Looks at Rural Health Topics
    Highlights a 2017 special series in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) that focuses on rural health issues, including mortality, health-related behaviors, chronic diseases, and more.
    Author(s): Beth Blevins
    Location: Rural Monitor
    Date: 02/2017
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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    NHQR/NHDR Data Query
    Interactive tool for accessing national and state data from the National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports, including trends. To view national rural data, select "Priority Populations" under subject area and "Residents of Rural Areas" under topic, then under "by category" select "Geographic location" to display.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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    Overall Declines in Child Poverty Mask Relatively Stable Rates Across States
    Reports on rates of child poverty in 2015 and changes since 2014. Includes data by region and state for rural, suburban, and urban areas. Finds that child poverty levels have dropped to 2009 pre-recession levels in rural areas, but remain above that in all other areas.
    Author(s): Andrew Schaefer, Jessica A. Carson, Marybeth J. Mattingly
    Date: 09/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Carsey School of Public Policy
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    Overview of Urban-Rural Classification Schemes Including the 2013 NCHS Urban-Rural Classification Scheme for Counties
    Slides from a presentation given at the 2015 National Conference on Health Statistics. Reviews major urban-rural classification schemes, with examples of health data presented using different approaches. Focuses on the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Urban-Rural Classification Scheme.
    Author(s): Deborah D. Ingram
    Date: 2015
    Type: Presentation Slides
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    Persistent Poverty Dynamics: Understanding Poverty Trends Over 50 Years
    Reports on high-poverty counties, with a poverty rate of 20% or more, based on data from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey, compared to 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000 Census data. Includes comparison of rural (micropolitan and noncore) counties and metropolitan counties. Identifies counties with persistent and intermittent high poverty, as well as newly high poverty counties.
    Author(s): Kathleen Miller, Bruce Weber
    Date: 07/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute
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    Population and Housing Estimates
    Access to current and historical population estimates and population change, available at the national, state, county, and city/town level. Also includes data on housing units nationally, by state, and by county.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Population Health Mapper
    Customizable maps showing county-level data for issues related to population health, including health status, healthcare services, health behaviors, demographics, socioeconomic factors, and the physical environment. Part of the HealthLandscape set of tools.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: American Academy of Family Physicians
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    Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Detailed Tables
    Provides data on mental health conditions, co-occurring substance use disorders, use of mental health services, and unmet needs. Rural-specific information is available in the detailed tables that list "geographic characteristics."
    Date: 09/2015
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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    Results from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables
    Provides data on illicit drug, alcohol, tobacco use, substance abuse disorder, and access to substance abuse treatment for youths 12 – 17 and adults 18 or older. Topics include measures on mental health illness, services utilization, depression, and the co-occurrence of mental disorders with substance abuse. Data is provided in a variety of demographic and geographic characteristics.
    Date: 09/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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    RHIhub Maps
    Provides national maps on a variety of rural health and human services topics. Maps can be customized to focus on a specified state or county and to show additional labels, boundaries and data, for use in grant applications, reports and other publications.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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    RHIhub State Guides
    Provides statistics, maps, publications, contacts, program examples, and other resources related to rural health and human services for all 50 states, plus U.S. territories and commonwealths.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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    RHIhub Topic Guides
    Resources and frequently asked questions on topics related to rural health and human services. Guides include policy briefs, research reports, charts and data, program examples, and directories.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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    Rural America at a Glance, 2016 Edition
    A report that provides an overview of social and economic factors affecting rural America. Includes data and statistics about employment, population, poverty, and income trends.
    Date: 11/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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    Rural America Story Map
    A set of interactive maps, information, and images that explains how the Census Bureau defines "rural", identifies Census Bureau sources of rural data, and shares selected rural statistics.
    Date: 12/2016
    Type: Video/Multimedia
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    The Rural Data Portal
    Provides over 350 data indicators identifying the social, economic, and housing characteristics of communities in the United States using Housing Assistance Council (HAC) tabulations of public use data sets that include the Census of Population and Housing, the American Community Survey (ACS), and Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Data.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Housing Assistance Council
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    Rural Population and Migration
    Provides an overview of rural population trends, with charts and maps. Includes information on recent population changes, as well as a discussion of how these trends have changed over time.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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    Salud America! Report Card
    Provides county-level reports with data relevant to supporting the health of Latino children. Each county profile compares the county to the state and nation on topics that include obesity, access to healthy food, physical activity, and health equity.
    Type: Website
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    Selecting Rural Data in American FactFinder
    Step-by-step guide showing 2 methods for selecting rural data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American FactFinder tool, which provides access to a wide range of statistics describing the U.S. population. Learn how to use the Geographic Comparison Tables and direct selection of locations to identify data for use in rural health grant applications, community health needs assessments, and more.
    Type: Tutorial/Training
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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    State Cancer Profiles
    Provides access to state and county cancer statistics and trends, with data by demographic group and cancer type. Also covers screening and risk factors. Offers interactive mapping.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: National Cancer Institute
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    State Data Accompanying MMWR Surveillance Summary 66 (No. SS-1): 1-8: Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Areas, United States, 2005-2015
    Interactive data visualization that provides state-level metropolitan and non-metro data on expected and potentially excess deaths from cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, heart disease, stroke, and unintentional injury. Select "Numbers of Potentially Excess Deaths by State" and "Potentially Excess and Expected Deaths by State and Locality" from the gray menus in the center of the page to access the data.
    Location: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report) Surveillance Summary, 66(SS-1)
    Date: 01/2017
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    State Data Center Network
    Official sources of state-level demographic, economic, and social statistics produced by the U.S. Census Bureau. Includes links to the data center in each state, as well as U.S. Commonwealths and Territories.
    Type: Directory
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    State Traffic Safety Information
    Provides state traffic safety profiles, including rural versus urban traffic fatalities and information on driving under the influence, vehicle type, crash type, and people involved. County profiles with more limited information are also available.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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    Stats for Scaredy-Cats: A How-To Guide for Rural Data Users
    Guide to help rural stakeholders describe their communities using statistics. Discusses basic statistical techniques for use in grant writing, analyzing reports, and evaluating programs. Includes sections on understanding data, working with data, and gathering data.
    Date: 2003
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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    The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2015
    Provides estimates of poverty for the official poverty measure and the supplemental poverty measure, which takes into account government programs that support low-income families. Tables 2 and 6 provide data for metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas.
    Author(s): Trudi Renwick, Liana Fox
    Date: 09/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Traffic Safety Facts 2014
    Presents data of rural and urban motor vehicle crashes, traffic fatalities including emergency medical service (EMS) response times, and fatal crashes.
    Date: 2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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    Traffic Safety Facts, 2014 Data: Rural/Urban Comparison
    Contains statistics on motor vehicle fatal crashes based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Provides a rural/urban comparison with boundaries determined by state highway departments using U.S. Census Bureau's rural and urban boundaries, and approved by the Federal Highway Administration.
    Date: 07/2016
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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    U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts
    Easy-to-use resource for accessing to data from multiple U.S. Census Bureau censuses, surveys, and programs. Includes data on demographics, housing, income, and other social determinants of health. Data is available for the nation, each state and county, and cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    U.S. County Profiles
    County-level profiles that provide data by gender on life expectancy, obesity, physical activity, and smoking.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
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    U.S. Health Map
    Interactive map that provides county-level data by gender on life expectancy, mortality rates, and risk factors, including diabetes, hypertension, obesity, physical activity, alcohol use, and smoking.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
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    UDS Mapper
    Illustrates the geographic reach, penetration, and growth of the Section 330-funded health center program and its relationship to other federally-linked health resources, including rural health clinics and National Health Service Corps sites.
    Type: Map/Mapping System
    Sponsoring organization: Robert Graham Center
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    Understanding Geographic Relationships: American Indian Areas
    Explains the relationships that exist between different types of American Indian Areas that are used by the U.S. Census Bureau. Includes a chart showing the relationships among these legal and statistical boundaries and how they relate to the standard geographic units of states and census blocks.
    Author(s): Katy Rossiter
    Date: 08/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Using Data to Understand Your Community
    Provides ideas and steps in using data to understand your community’s population. Includes a directory of websites for demographic, population, health, and other data for ZIP codes, cities, counties, and states.
    Date: 02/2014
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
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    The Value of the American Community Survey: Smart Government, Competitive Businesses, and Informed Citizens
    Provides an overview of the American Community Survey (ACS) and how data from the ACS is used to inform decision-making. Discusses the importance of the ACS as a unique source of data on the demographic and economic characteristics of rural areas. Includes examples of how rural data from the ACS is used by federal agencies, academic researchers, state government, and rural communities.
    Author(s): Regina Powers, David Beede, Rudy Telles, Jr.
    Date: 04/2015
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Commerce
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    Veterans Data Central
    Provides veteran information and data by county or by metropolitan/outside metropolitan status. Topics covered include demographic and economic indicators, homelessness, housing characteristics, and Veterans Affairs housing and mortgage financing.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: Housing Assistance Council
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    Veterans in Rural America: 2011-2015
    Reports detailed demographic, social, and economic characteristics of rural veterans, based primarily on 2011–2015 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates. Includes comparisons of rural veterans to both urban veterans and rural nonveterans. Topics addressed include health insurance coverage, disability status and service-connected disability, and use of VA healthcare.
    Author(s): Kelly Ann Holder
    Date: 01/2017
    Type: Document
    Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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    Vital Statistics Data Available Online
    Access interactive online data tools and downloadable public use data files regarding births, deaths, and mortality.
    Type: Website
    Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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    WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System)
    An interactive database system that provides customized reports of injury-related data. Data is also available by state and county.
    Type: Database
    Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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    Additional resources are available related to this guide. See the full list of resources by topic for:


    Last Updated: 2/22/2017