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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Appalachia

Distribution of Cardiovascular Disease and Associated Risk Factors by County Type and Health Insurance Status: Results from the 2008 Ohio Family Health Survey
Analyzes the health status of Ohio residents living in Appalachia with other rural and non-rural populations in Ohio. Uses 2008 Ohio Family Health Survey data to identify links among county demographics, health insurance coverage, and health outcomes in low-income adult populations.
Author(s): Mbabazi Kariisa, Eric Seiber
Citation: Public Health Reports, 130(1), 87-95
Date: 2015
Type: Document
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Quality of Life and Loneliness in Stroke Survivors Living in Appalachia
Reports on a study of loneliness and its effect on the quality of life (QoL) among rural stroke survivors in Appalachian West Virginia. Looks at post-stroke factors in determining QoL, such as continued smoking, recovery in a nursing home versus the patient's home, and comorbidity.
Author(s): Laurie Theeke, Patricia Horstman, Jennifer Mallow, et al.
Citation: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 46(6), E3-15
Date: 12/2014
Type: Document
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Depressive Symptoms and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Rural Appalachia: An 18-month Follow-up Study
Highlights a study of the predictors and rates of depression in rural Appalachian adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2MD). Analyzes data sets collected 18 months apart and measures the comorbidity at each time by sex, race, and income, as well as by severity of depressive symptoms, method of treatment, and several other factors.
Author(s): Mary de Groot, Todd Doyle, Jennifer Averyt, Carleen Risaliti, Jay Shubrook
Citation: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 48(4), 263-277
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
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METelemedicine: A Pilot Study With Rural Alcohol Users on Community Supervision
Describes a study of 127 alcohol users from 4 rural counties in Appalachian Kentucky who underwent several intervention sessions using motivational enhancement therapy via telemedicine (METelemedicine). Discusses the use of METelemedicine as a means of increasing access to treatment for rural alcohol users. Analyzes results at the 3 month follow-up from initial screening.
Author(s): Michele Staton-Tindall, Jennifer R. Havens, J. Matthew Webster, Carl Leukefeld
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 30(4), 422-432
Date: 10/2014
Type: Document
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Spatial, Temporal and Relational Patterns in Respondent-Driven Sampling: Evidence from a Social Network Study of Rural Drug Users
Reports on a study that used respondent-driven sampling (RDS) to recruit participants who were drug users in rural Central Appalachia. Focuses on the patterns of recruitment in this rural setting using RDS, which relies on an initial set of participants who recruit additional participants from their personal networks.
Author(s): April M. Young, Abby E. Rudolph, Deane Quillen, Jennifer R. Havens
Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68(8), 792-8
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
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Health Disparities Are Leaving Ohio's Rural Children Behind
Examines rural health disparities and their impact on children in rural, poverty stricken counties in Ohio, many in Appalachia. Investigates how limited access to nutritious food and healthcare providers has led to the health disparities in children. Offers policy recommendations to remedy the situation.
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Children's Defense Fund
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Gender and Age Are Associated with Healthy Food Purchases via Grocery Voucher Redemption
Explores the association of age, gender, education, and income level with purchasing healthy foods using a grocery voucher in rural Appalachian Kentucky, an area considered a food desert with higher rates of chronic disease. Includes data on the purchase of a designated voucher food item by age, sex, education, and income.
Author(s): Frances Hardin-Fanning, Yevgeniya Gokun
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 14(3), 2830
Date: 07/2014
Type: Document
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Assessment of Appalachian Region Pediatric Hearing Healthcare Disparities and Delays
Reports on a study to analyze the timeliness of diagnostic and rehabilitative services for children with severe hearing loss in rural areas of Appalachia which may postpone or delay cochlear implantation and other intervention services.
Author(s): Matthew L. Bush, Mariel Osetinsky, Jennifer B. Shinn, et al.
Citation: Laryngoscope, 124(7), 1713-1717
Date: 07/2014
Type: Document
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Comparisons of Cancer Incidence and Mortality for Rural vs. Urban Pennsylvania Counties, Rural Appalachian Counties, and Rural U.S. Counties
Examines differences in cancer incidence in men and women in rural U.S. counties, rural Appalachian counties, and rural/urban Pennsylvania counties. Identifies cancers on which to focus prevention and screening efforts. Includes county specific incidence and mortality by cancer type for men and women in rural Pennsylvania.
Author(s): Steven Godin, Samuel Lesko, Eugene Lengerich, et al.
Date: 07/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
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ATC Update: The Health Wagon Featured on CBS News
The Health Wagon, which offers free health care to thousands of patients each year in Southwestern Virginia, was spotlighted on the CBS news show, "60 Minutes."
Author(s): Beth Blevins
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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