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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Diabetes

Assessment of Disparities in Diabetes Mortality in Adults in US Rural vs Nonrural Counties, 1999-2018
Explores disparities in diabetes mortality based on county urbanization, comparing data from 1999-2000 through 2017-2018. Includes statistics with breakdowns by sex, age group, region, four 2-year periods, and 3 levels of population density.
Author(s): Sagar B. Dugani, Christina M. Wood-Wentz, Michelle M. Mielke, Kent R. Bailey, Adrian Vella
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(9), e2232318
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Urban and Rural Differences in New Onset Type 2 Diabetes: Comparisons Across National and Regional Samples in the Diabetes Lead Network
Examines the likelihood of new onset type 2 diabetes (T2D) by community type. Utilizes 3 longitudinal study samples about diabetes in the United States to track new onset T2D by U.S. region as well as higher density urban, lower density urban, suburban/small town, and rural community type. Includes further demographic breakdowns by age, sex, race/ethnicity, socio-economic factors, and smoking behaviors.
Author(s): Tara P. McAlexander, Gargya Malla, Jalal Uddin, et al.
Citation: SSM - Population Health, 19, 101161
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Urban–Rural Differences in Health Care Utilization and COVID-19 Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Examines associations of COVID-19 patients with type 2 diabetes by hospitalization outcomes and community type. Utilizes electronic health records (EHRs) from a Pennsylvania health system for COVID-19 outcomes such as death, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, ventilation, thromboembolism, and myocardial damage. Analyzes EHR data across township, borough, and city census tracts to understand relationships among rurality, socioeconomic deprivation, and COVID-19 outcomes.
Author(s): Annemarie G. Hirsch, Cara M. Nordberg, Karen Bandeen-Roche, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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The Association Between Primary Care Use and Potentially-Preventable Hospitalization Among Dual Eligibles Age 65 and Over
Examines the relationship between primary care and ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC) hospitalization among people age 65 and older who are dually-enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): N. Loren Oh, Andrew J. Potter, Lindsay M. Sabik, et al.
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22(927)
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Long-term Effects of Remote Patient Monitoring in Patients Living with Diabetes: A Retrospective Look at Participants of the Mississippi Diabetes Telehealth Network Study
Results of a study evaluating the long-term effectiveness of a remote patient monitoring (RPM) program after the intervention was withdrawn. Designed to test the ability of a telehealth program to serve diabetes patients in rural Mississippi, from 2014-2016.
Author(s): Tearsanee Carlisle Davis, Ashley S. Allen, Yunxi Zhang
Citation: Telemedicine Reports, 3(1), 130-136
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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BuchananCares Program: A Team-based Care Pilot Led by a Rural Community Hospital and Local Pharmacist
Describes BuchananCares, a collaboration among health professionals from the Appalachian College of Pharmacy, Buchanan General Hospital in rural Virginia, and the Virginia Department of Health. Designed to reduce patient readmissions and improve medication use for patients with COPD, diabetes, heart failure, and pneumonia.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Community Preventive Services Task Force
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Prevalence of Chronic Conditions by Sexual Orientation and Rural-Urban Location
Presents a study on the correlation between chronic health issues by sexual orientation and rurality. Breaks down rates of chronic diseases such as arthritis, high cholesterol, diabetes, and others by sexual orientation and rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales, Megan Lahr, et al.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Colorado Rural Sustainability Network Chronic Care Management, 2020–2021
Highlights the burden of chronic care management by rurality in Colorado. Looks at cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and heart attack management across the rural and urban spectrum.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Colorado Rural Health Center
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Trends and Variations in Emergency Department Use Associated With Diabetes in the US by Sociodemographic Factors, 2008-2017
Results of a study using data from 32 million emergency department (ED) visits from 2008-2017, examining the rates of diabetes-related ED use across various geographic areas and subgroups. Features statistics including age-adjusted rates of diabetes-specific ED use among U.S. adults, with breakdowns by rural or urban status.
Author(s): Tegveer S. Uppal, Puneet Kaur Chehal, Gail Fernandes, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(5)
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Diabetes Prevalence and Monitoring by Urbanization
Poster presentation from the National Rural Health Association 2022 annual conference, examining the prevalence of diabetes and the quality of annual hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) monitoring in a national sample of commercially-insured people. Features demographics and statistics including prevalence of diabetes among enrollees and HbA1c testing in people with diabetes in 2019 and 2020, with breakdowns by metro and nonmetro location.
Author(s): Lindsey R. Hammerslag, Katie Youngen, Ty Borders, Jeffery Talbert
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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