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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Diabetes

Rural-Urban Disparities: Diabetes, Hypertension, Heart Disease, and Stroke Mortality Among Black and White Adults, 1999–2018
Article examining racial disparities in diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and stroke mortality, comparing Black and White populations and breaking down data by rural and urban location using CDC Wonder 1999-2018 data. Discusses trends in racial disparities in urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Rahul Aggarwal, Nicholas Chiu, Emefah C. Loccoh, et al.
Citation: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 77(11), 1480-1481
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
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CHWs At Work: Making a Difference for Oklahoma's Marshallese Community
Highlights an Oklahoma program that uses community health workers (CHWs) for outreach to the Marshallese community in a three-county area. Provides a brief history and overview of the Marshallese population and discusses the health concerns the CHWs address.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Integrating Family and Friend Support, Information Technology, and Diabetes Education in Community-Centric Diabetes Self-Management
Study examining the impacts of community support on diabetes self-management in a rural island community in Hawaii based on a pilot program with 7 participants over a 9 month period. Describes the challenges of implementing diabetes self-management education programs in rural areas, access to dietitians and endocrinologists, and the potential for telehealth and health information technology to facilitate diabetes self-management.
Author(s): Christina Higa, Elizabeth J. Davidson, Joanne R. Loos
Citation: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 28(2), 261-275
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
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The State of Our Health: A Statewide Health Assessment of Pennsylvania
Identifies specific health challenges in Pennsylvania and indicates where the largest improvements can be made. Features sections on social determinants of health, access to care, substance use, chronic diseases, mental health, maternal and infant health, injury and violence prevention, infectious diseases and immunization, Health Professional Shortage Areas, and environmental health. Includes references to rural throughout.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Pennsylvania Department of Health
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Ensuring Contact: Calling Rural Appalachian Older Adults During the COVID-19 Epidemic
Presents a study on the well-being and healthcare needs of socially isolated adults 75 years and older during the COVID-19 pandemic in rural West Virginia. Bases conclusions on telephone interviews with seniors from April 1-22, 2020. Breaks down data by demographic characteristics, mental and physical health conditions, and comfort with different forms of communication technology, among other factors.
Author(s): Robert B Walker, Michael Grome, William Rollyson, Adam D Baus
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 21, 6122
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
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Leading Causes of Death and Health Disparities Among the American Indian and Alaska Native Population in Arizona
Highlights the health disparities and major causes of death faced by American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities in Arizona to serve as a guide for tribal leaders and organizations when developing programs focused on improving AI/AN health. Includes information and data derived from Arizona population health and vital statistics, United States Census Bureau, and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) on chronic disease, causes of death, and behavioral risk factors for AI/AN populations.
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Arizona Department of Health Services
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Testing a Coaching Program to Help Adults with Diabetes Living in Rural Alabama Take Their Medicine as Directed
Presents a study of a medication adherence initiative in rural Alabama targeting predominantly African American adults with diabetes. Discusses research methods, community engagement and participation, data drawn from the study, and provides materials from the initiative in the appendix.
Author(s): Lynn J. Andreae, Susan J. Andreae, Andrea L. Cherrington, Joshua S. Richman, Monika M. Safford
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
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2021 Heart Disease & Stroke Statistical Update Fact Sheet: American Indian/Alaska Natives & Cardiovascular Diseases
Reports statistics on cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure among American Indians and Alaska Natives. Includes data on smoking, physical inactivity, and diabetes.
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Heart Association
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Montana Chronic Disease Prevention & Health Promotion Bureau: June 2018-July 2020 Progress Report
Report highlights the public health efforts in the areas of tobacco cessation, diabetes and cancer reduction, and promoting physical activity, among other issues in Montana. Compares rates over a two year span and details the programs designed to address them.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services
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Estimated Number of Eligible Part B Beneficiaries for the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program at the County Level and by Urban–Rural Classification
Utilizes data from 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to estimate the number of Medicare beneficiaries that were eligible for the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program (MDPP). Provides county-level beneficiary estimates and estimated proportions of prediabetes among older adults by sex, age, and race/ethnicity.
Author(s): Boon Peng Ng, Yiling J. Cheng, Stephanie Rutledge, et al.
Citation: PLoS One, 15(11)
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
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