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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Emergency medical services

The EMS Compact
Information on the agreement enabling emergency medical service (EMS) personnel licensed in Compact member states to cross state borders to practice and work in other Compact states without getting an EMS license in the remote state. Describes ways in which this agreement may enhance communities' responses to COVID-19 when local resources are reduced. Includes a map showing locations of EMS Compact states and contact information for each member state's Compact Commissioner.
Date: 12/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Interstate Commission for EMS Personnel Practice
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COVID-19 Resources for Fire and EMS
Includes links for important federal resources, financial and resource support, first responder behavioral health, and COVID-19 related webinars.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Fire Administration
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American College of Emergency Physicians: COVID-19
Information to assist with patient care during the response to COVID-19. Addresses clinical assessment and management, testing, emergency department issues, EMS issues, and more.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: American College of Emergency Physicians
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Medicare Payment Basics: Ambulance Services Payment System
Provides an overview of Medicare payments for ambulance services. Discusses rural add-on payment policies, geographic categories determining payment rates, super-rural ZIP codes, and ambulance fee schedules. Includes information on payment system changes during the COVID-19 public health emergency.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Rural Nevada EMS Capacity Assessment
Presents results of a 2020 survey of 36 rural EMS agencies, addressing transporting patients, funding and billing, workforce and recruitment issues, health information technology, and more.
Author(s): Laima Etchegoyhen, John Packham, Tabor Griswold, Jeannine Warner
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Nevada Health Workforce Research Center
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Rural Healthcare Surge Readiness
Up-to-date and critical resources for rural healthcare systems preparing for and responding to a COVID-19 surge. Includes resources for emergency medical services, inpatient and hospital care, ambulatory care, and long-term care settings. Addresses a wide range of topics including healthcare operations, space, supplies, funding, and more.
Date: 10/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: COVID-19 Healthcare Resilience Working Group
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Michigan Center for Rural Health - COVID-19 Resources
Offers a list of state, federal, and other resources related to COVID-19, including organizations and information focused on helping rural communities navigate their way through the pandemic. Provides executive orders, financial resources and funding opportunities, emergency medical service resources, and other information for Rural Health Clinics, Critical Access Hospitals, and healthcare providers.
Date: 10/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Michigan Center for Rural Health
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Sustainable Rural EMS: Navigating Change
Designed to help rural communities navigate a change from unsustainable volunteer emergency medical services (EMS) and ambulance service models to those that are sustainable. Intended to direct community leaders through change based on a stepped process that has been used in rural communities throughout the U.S. Includes information on how to assess whether a community has an EMS problem, ingredients needed to change, and a process to implement change to a more sustainable model of rural EMS.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Air Ambulance Use and Surprise Billing
Provides an overview of air ambulance services, including the types and number of air ambulance providers and suppliers, utilization rates by patients, average costs, and the potential for balance billing for air ambulance transport. Summarizes key policies and legislation related to air ambulances, including the No Surprises Act. Presents data on air ambulance utilization by rurality between 2014-2018.
Author(s): Gina Turrini, Joel Ruhter, Andre R. Chappel, Nancy De Lew
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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COVID-19 Funding Sources Impacting Rural Providers
Reference guide to help rural healthcare providers navigate federal COVID-19 response and recovery funding. Includes tables identifying eligibility by provider type and how funds can be spent. Provides an overview of each funding opportunity and reporting requirements.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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